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Full text of "Lycoming College catalog"

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Catalog 1979-80 



NOTICE OF NON-DISCRIMINATION POLICY 

Lycoming College welcomes applications from pro- 
spective students regardless of age, sex, race, religious 
preference, physical disability, financial resources, 
color, national or ethnic origin. This policy is in 
compliance with the requirements of Title VI of the 
Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Educational 
Amendments of 1972, and all other applicable federal, 
state and local statutes, ordinances and regulations. 





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A QUICK LOOK AT LYCOMING 

Location Williamsport, Pennsylvania 17701 

Phone (717) 326-1951 

Founded 1812 

Enrollment (Fall, 1978) 1179 (689 men and 490 women) 

Accreditation Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools 

University Senate of The United Methodist 
Church 

Church Affiliation United Methodist 

Student /Faculty Ratio Sixteen to one 

Library Volumes 130,000; 875 current periodical titles 

Size of Campus Main campus: 20 acres, plus 12-acre Athletic Field 

Number of Buildings Nineteen (With a Physical Education/Recreation 

Center under construction) 

Calendar 4-4-1 (1 = Optional May Term) 

1979-80 Fixed Charges Tuition $3300 

Room & Board $1600 

Total $4900 

May and Summer term charges are not included in 
these figures. 

Books and supplies normally cost $75 to $150 per 
year. Allowance must be made for laundry, travel, 
clothing, and personal needs. 

Financial Aid Lycoming students received more than $1.9 mil- 

lion in various kinds of financial assistance last 
year. Prospective students should discuss their 
financial needs with the Director of Student Aid. 



CONTENTS 

Page 
Introduction to Lycoming 5 

Admission to Lycoming 7 

Expenses and Financial Aid 9 

The Academic Program 15 

Student Services 33 

The Curriculum 39 

College Directory 125 

The 1979-1980 Academic Calendar 138 

Campus Facilities 142 

Campus Map 143 

Index 144 



CHAPTER I 
INTRODUCTION TO LYCOMING 



THIS IS LYCOMING 

Lycoming College is an independent, coeducational liberal arts institu- 
tion related to The United Methodist Church. 

Lycoming is located in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, the gateway to 
the picturesque "Endless Mountains" and the beautiful West Branch 
Valley of the Susquehanna River. Greater Williamsport has a population 
of 85,000 and is within 200 miles of Washington, D.C., Baltimore, 
Philadelphia, New York, Syracuse, Rochester, Buffalo and Pittsburgh. 
The campus is situated on a slight prominence near the center of the 
city. 

Lycoming welcomed its 134th class in September, 1978, and began 
the year with an enrollment of 1,179, consisting of 490 women and 689 
men. These students came to the College from 16 states and the majority 
resided in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York. 

The academic significance of Lycoming derives from its enduring 
commitment to the value of a liberal education, carefully designed 
mission, and highly trained faculty of teacher-scholars, 67% of whom 
have earned doctorates from the nation's outstanding universities. 

The principal aim of Lycoming College is to use its resources to 
provide for its students the finest possible undergraduate education. 
The College serves primarily to help each student develop a central core 
of values, awarenesses, strategies, skills, and information that is inte- 
grated and coherent enough to lead to a productive and fulfilling life in 
an enormously complex world, and at the same time is sufficiently open 
and flexible to encourage continuous growth and development. 

Lycoming enjoys a continuing reciprocal relationship with The 
United Methodist Church. It has consistently supported the Methodist 
tradition of providing educational opportunities for persons of all 
religious faiths. Within this setting of religious concern, the search for 
values must continue to be an important function of this institution. 

Lycoming is a member of the Association of American Colleges, the 
Pennsylvania Association of Colleges and Universities, the Commission 
for Independent Colleges and Universities, the National Commission on 
Accrediting, and the National Association of Schools and Colleges of 
The United Methodist Church. It is accredited by the Middle States 
Association of Colleges and Schools and the University Senate of The 
United Methodist Church. 



HISTORY 

In 1812 the Williamsport Academy was founded, offering an elementary 
and secondary school curriculum. The Academy became Williamsport 
Dickinson Seminary in 1848 under the patronage of The Methodist 



Episcopal Church. The Seminary continued as a private boarding school 
until 1929 when the curriculum was expanded to include two years of 
college. The name of the institution was changed at this time to 
Williamsport Dickinson Seminary and Junior College. In 1947 the junior 
college became a four-year degree-granting college of liberal arts and 
sciences and the name Lycoming College was adopted. Lycoming, 
derived from an Indian word "lacomic" meaning "Great Stream," has 
been common to north central Pennsylvania since colonial times. 




CHAPTER II 
ADMISSION TO LYCOMING 

POLICY AND STANDARDS 

Lycoming College welcomes applications from prospective students 
regardless of age, sex, race, religious preference, financial resources, 
color, national or ethnic origin or physical impairment. Selective ad- 
mission is based on the following standards: 

— graduation from an accredited secondary school; 
— completion of a college preparatory program that includes Eng- 
lish and mathematics plus units in foreign language, natural 
science and social science; 
— College Entrance Examination Board Scholastic Aptitude Test 
(SAT) or American College Test (ACT) scores at a satisfactory 
level; 

A secondary school student of exceptional maturity and with 
significant academic preparation may apply to Lycoming as a candidate 
for early admission. If admitted, the student enters the College after 
completing the junior year in school. Special students who are not 
enrolled in a degree program and who wish to enroll in one or more 
courses in any term are welcome to apply. 

Lycoming is fully approved for the educational program for veter- 
ans under Federal Public Laws 550, 634, 894. 

APPLICATION AND SELECTION PROCESS 

The application for admission is processed in the following manner: 

— The application, obtained from the Admissions Office, and the 

following credentials should be filed by April 1st for those 

considering fall term admission. Applications will be considered 

after April 1st on a space-available basis; 

— application fee of $15 (non-refundable) must accompany the 

completed application form, 
— official secondary school transcript forwarded by the school 

guidance office, 
— results of either the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) or the 

American College Test (ACT), 
The completed application is evaluated with every effort being 
made to insure individualization of this process by identifying the 
academic achievement, talents, qualities, and interests of the applicant. 
Lycoming notifies applicants of their acceptance on a rolling schedule 
soon after all credentials have been received and evaluated. In some 
instances, additional information may be needed to complete the 
evaluation, such as mid-year grades and senior SAT or ACT score 
reports; 

— Applicants who have been admitted must notify the College of 
their intention to attend by May 1st, the Candidates' Reply Date. 



This notification must be accompanied by a $100 advance deposit 
which is applicable to the tuition charges of the first semester of 
enrollment. After May 1st, the $100 deposit is not refundable. 

ADVANCED STANDING BY TRANSFER 

The College welcomes transfer students from other accredited colleges 

and universities according to the following standards and procedures: 

— Applicants must be in good academic standing with a minimum 

cumulative grade point average of 2.0 at their current or previous 

college; 
— All courses passed that are comparable to the curriculum at 

Lycoming will be accepted for transfer; 
— The grades earned in all transferable courses are included in the 

computation of the cumulative grade point average; 
— Academic standing at Lycoming will be based on an evaluation of 

all courses attempted at all other institutions; 
— The final eight courses for the bachelor of arts degree must be 

taken at Lycoming; 
— Official copies of transcripts from all institutions attended must 

be submitted as a part of the admission application. 

ADMISSIONS OFFICE LOCATION AND HOURS 

Prospective students and their families are invited to campus for a 
student-conducted tour and a meeting with an Admissions Officer who 
will provide additional information about the College and answer any 
questions from the applicant. 

The Admissions Office is located on the first floor of Long Hall. For 
an appointment telephone (717) 326-1951, Ext. 221 or write Office of 
Admissions, Lycoming College, Williamsport, PA 17701. Office hours 
are as follows: 

Weekdays — September through April 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. 

— May through August 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. 

Saturdays — September through April 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon 

— May through August No Saturday Hours. 



CHAPTER HI 
EXPENSES AND FINANCIAL AID 

EXPENSES FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR 1979-80 

The following expenses are effective for the regular Fall and Spring 
Semesters. The College reserves the right to adjust fees at any time 
without notice, including increasing Spring Semester fees should there 
be a considerable increase in the price of commodities and/or services 
during the Fall Semester. The fees for each semester are payable not 
later than the second day of classes for the semester. 

FEES PER SEMESTER PER YEAR 

Comprehensive Fee $1,650 $3,300 

Board and Room Rent 800 1,600 



Total $2,450 $4,900 

One-Time Fees and Deposits 

Application Fee $ 15 

Admissions Deposit 100 

Contingency Deposit 50 

Part-Time Student Fees 

Application Fee $ 15 

Each Unit Course 412.50 

Additional Charges 

Applied Music Fee (half-hour per week per semester) $ 75 

Cap and Gown Rental prevailing cost 

Laboratory Fee per Unit Course 5 to 30 

Late Payment Fee 25 

Parking Permit (for the academic year) 10 

Parking Permit With Reserved Space (for the academic year) ... 40 

Practice Teaching Fee (Payable in Junior Year) 130 

R.O.T.C. Basic Course Deposit 

(Payable at Bucknell University) 40 

R.O.T.C. Advanced Course Deposit 

(Payable at Bucknell University) 40 

Transcript Fee (No charge to full-time students) 3 

Medical Questionnaire Fee 

(Payable to Medical Datamation, Inc.) 10 

The comprehensive fee covers the regular course load of three to 
four courses each semester. Resident students must board at the College 
unless, for extraordinary reasons, authorization is extended for other 



eating arrangements. If a double room is used as a single room, an 
additional charge of $75 per semester is made. The estimated cost for 
books and supplies ranges from $75 to $150 per year, depending on the 
course of study pursued. Special session (May Term and Summer Term) 
charges for tuition, room, and board are established during the Fall 
Semester. 

ENTRY FEES AND DEPOSITS 

Application Fee — All students applying for admission are to submit 
an application fee of $15 with the application. This charge is to defray 
the cost of processing the application and is non-refundable. 

Admissions Deposit — After students have been notified of their 
admission to the College, they are required to make an admissions 
deposit to confirm their intention to matriculate. The Admissions 
Deposit of $100 is applied to the general charges for the first semester of 
attendance. After May 1st the deposit is non-refundable if one fails to 
matriculate. 

Contingency Deposit — A Contingency Deposit of $50 is required of 
all full-time students as a guarantee for payment of damages to or loss 
of college property, library fines, parking fines and similar penalties 
imposed by the College. The Contingency Deposit is collected along 
with other charges for the initial semester. The balance of this deposit is 
refunded after all debts to the College have been paid, either upon 
graduation or upon written request submitted to the Registrar two 
weeks prior to voluntary permanent termination of enrollment at 
Lycoming College. 

PARTIAL PAYMENTS 

For the convenience of those who find it impossible to follow the regular 
schedule of payments, arrangements may be made with the College 
Business Manager for the monthly payment of college fees through 
various educational plans. Additional information concerning partial 
payments may be obtained from the Business Manager or Director of 
Admissions. 

REFUNDS FOR STUDENTS WHO WITHDRAW 

Refunds of tuition and board are made to students who voluntarily 
withdraw from the College while in good standing according to the 
following schedule for the Fall and Spring Semesters and the com- 
parable period for the May and Summer Terms. 

Period of Withdrawal Refund % Charge % 

First four weeks of the semester 70 30 

Second four weeks of the semester . 40 60 

Third four weeks of the semester ... 10 90 

After twelve weeks — — 100 

10 



The date on which the Dean of the College approves the student's 
withdrawal form is considered the official date of withdrawal. 

Room charges, which are established on a semester basis, and 
special charges, such as laboratory fees, are not refundable if a student 
leaves the College prior to the end of a semester. 

Full-time students are not eligible for a refund of tuition for an 
individual course if the course is dropped after the first ten days of either 
regular semester. 

DAMAGE CHARGES 

Wherever possible, damage to dormitory property will be charged to the 
person or persons directly responsible. Damage and breakage occurring 
in a room will be the responsibility of students occupying the room. Hall 
and bathroom damage will be the responsibility of all students of the 
section where damage occurs. Actual costs of repairs will be charged. 




11 



NON-PAYMENT OF FEES PENALTY 

Students will not be registered for courses in a new semester if their 
accounts for previous attendance have not been settled. Diplomas, 
grade reports, transcripts, and certifications of withdrawals in good 
standing are issued only when a satisfactory settlement of all financial 
obligations has been made in the Business Office. 

FINANCIAL AID POLICY AND PROCEDURES 

The dominant factor in determining the amount of financial aid awarded 
to individual students is the establishment of need. Scholarships may be 
awarded on the basis of financial need and academic ability, while 
grants are provided exclusively on the basis of financial need. Long- 
term, low-cost educational loans are available from federal and state 
sources to most students who can demonstrate need. Part-time em- 
ployment is available to students who are in good academic standing. 

To apply for financial assistance, obtain the Financial Aid Form 
(F.A.F.) from the secondary school guidance office or the Student Aid 
Office at Lycoming. Submit the completed form to the College Scholar- 
ship Service, P.O. Box 176, Princeton, NJ 08540, as early as possible after 
January 1st. Renewal applications are required annually. 

Scholarships — Freshman Recognition Scholarships of $700 each are 
awarded to applicants who have superior academic qualifications but do 
not demonstrate any financial need. These scholarships are renewable 
each year if the student maintains a minimum 3.25 cumulative grade 
point average. Other scholarships, ranging from $300 to full tuition, are 
awarded to freshmen who rank in the top fifth of their secondary school 
class and have a combined score over 1100 on the College Entrance 
Examination Board Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). These scholarships 
are renewable each year if the student maintains a minimum 3.00 
cumulative grade point average. 

Grants-In-Aid — Lycoming has established an extensive program of 
grants-in-aid for worthy students who do not qualify for scholarships. 
Awards are based on demonstrated need and the prospect of the 
student contributing positively to the college community. Renewal 
requires continued financial need, maintenance of satisfactory academic 
and citizenship standards, and participation in college activities. 

Ministerial Grants-In-Aid — Children of ministers of the Central 
Pennsylvania Annual Conference of The United Methodist Church 
receive grants equal to one-third of the charges for tuition, while 
children of ministers of other Annual Conferences of The United 
Methodist Church and of other denominations receive grants equal to 
one-fourth of the charges for tuition. Students who will be entering the 
ministry may apply for a preministerial student grant equal to one- 
fourth tuition. Applicants must complete and submit the Financial Aid 
Form (F.A.F.) referred to above and pre-ministerial students must also 
submit the Application for Pre-Ministerial Grant. If an applicant demon- 
strates more need for financial assistance than a ministerial grant-in-aid 

12 




I 



provides, additional types of aid will be considered. These grants-in-aid 
are part of a total financial assistance award to meet demonstrated need 
and are not given in addition to awards designed to meet established 
needs. 

Federal Basic Educational Opportunity Grants (BEOG) — These 
grants, established through the Educational Amendments of 1976, 
provide up to $1,800 per year for full-time students who can demon- 
strate financial need. Application can be made when submitting the 
Financial Aid Form (F.A.F.) or by separate application to the federal 
government on forms which are available in secondary school guidance 
offices and the Student Aid Office at Lycoming. All students are urged 
to apply for this program. 

Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (SEOG) — 
This federal government program provides additional assistance to 
those students with exceptional financial need. Awards are made in 
amounts ranging from $200 to $1,500 and are based entirely on financial 
need. Renewal is possible if the applicant has no reduction in financial 
need in succeeding years. 

Federal National Direct Student Loans (NDSL) — Federal govern- 
ment loan funds are available through the National Defense Education 
Act of 1958. Low interest loans of up to $1,500 per year are granted on 



13 



the basis of demonstrated need. Repayment does not begin until after 
graduation or withdrawal from college. Loans are normally renewed 
annually if the applicant files a renewal application by May 1st. 

Federal College Work-Study Grants (CWSP) — An opportunity is 
provided through this program for students to earn some part of their 
college expenses and to gain some practical experience by working on 
campus or in selected off-campus programs. Federal government in- 
come guidelines must be met to be eligible for this program. Students 
who do not meet these guidelines should consult with the Career 
Development Center or Student Aid Office for other employment 
opportunities. 

Other Sources of Financial Assistance — 

State Grants. All applicants for financial aid are urged to investigate 
programs sponsored by their home states and to learn about and heed 
application deadlines. Pennsylvania applicants should apply for state 
aid during their senior year in high school, usually before April 30th. For 
additional information, applicants should contact their secondary school 
guidance counselor or write: Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance 
Agency (PHEAA), Towne House, Harrisburg, PA 17102. 

State Guaranteed Loans. Most states, including Pennsylvania, New 
Jersey, and New York, provide state-guaranteed loans through local 
banks. This program provides low interest loans up to $2,500 per year 
for educational expenses with repayments extended over a long-term 
payment schedule. Applicants should consult their local banks early in 
their senior year. 

Community Scholarships. In many communities, foundations and 
organizations, and in some cases high schools, provide funds for worthy 
students. Applicants should consult with their secondary school gui- 
dance counselor or principal. 

Education Financing Plans. The Student Aid Office at Lycoming will 
provide information, upon request, about plans which enable parents to 
pay college expenses on a monthly basis through selected companies. 

Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) Scholarships. Students who 
participate in the Army ROTC are eligible for three, two, and one-year 
ROTC scholarships to finance tuition, books, laboratory fees and other 
charges with the exception of room and board. ROTC scholarship 
students also receive $100 per month during the academic year. 

Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) Stipends. Students who partic- 
ipate in the Army ROTC program receive $100 per academic month of 
their junior and senior years. They also receive half of a second 
lieutenant's pay plus travel expenses for a six-week advanced summer 
camp between the junior and senior years. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION CONCERNING FINANCIAL AID CAN BE 
OBTAINED BY WRITING THE STUDENT AID OFFICE, LYCOMING COL- 
LEGE, WILLIAMSPORT, PA 17701 OR BY TELEPHONING (717) 326-1951. 



14 



CHAPTER IV 
THE ACADEMIC PROGRAM 



THE DEGREE 

Lycoming is committed to the principle that a liberal arts education is the 
best hope for an enlightened citizenry. Consequently, the bachelor of 
arts degree is conferred upon the student who has completed an 
educational program incorporating the two principles of the liberal arts 
known as distribution and concentration. The objective of the distribu- 
tion principle is to insure that the student achieves breadth in learning 
through the study of the major dimensions of human inquiry, namely, 
the Humanities, the Social Sciences and the Natural Sciences. The 
objective of the concentration principle is to provide depth of learning 
through completion of a program of study in a given discipline or 
subject area known as the major. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE 

Every degree candidate is expected to complete the following require- 
ments in order to qualify for graduation: 

— Complete the Distribution Program. 

— Complete a major consisting of at least eight courses while 
achieving a minimum grade point average of 2.0 in those courses 
stipulated as comprising the major. 

— Earn one year of credit in Physical Education. All students must 
demonstrate competence in swimming. (Medical exemptions 
may be granted by the College Physician after an examination 
and review of the student's medical history and family 
physician's report.) 

— Pass a minimum of 128 semester hours (32 unit courses) with a 
minimum cumulative average of 2.0. Additional credits beyond 
128 semester hours may be completed provided the minimum 2.0 
cumulative average is maintained. 

— Complete in residence the final eight courses offered for the degree 
at Lycoming. 

— Satisfy all financial obligations incurred at the College. 

— Complete the above requirements within seven years of con- 
tinuous enrollment following the date of matriculation. 

All exemptions or waivers of specific requirements are made by the 
Committee on Academic Standing. 

THE DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM 

A course can be used to satisfy only one distribution requirement. 
Courses for which a grade of "S" is recorded may not be used toward 
the fulfillment of the distribution requirements. (Refer to page 20 for an 
explanation of the grading system.) A course in any of the following 

15 



distribution requirements refers to a full-unit (four semester hours) 
course taken at Lycoming, any appropriate combination of fractional 
unit courses taken at Lycoming which accumulate to four semester 
hours, or any single course of three or more semester hours transferred 
from another institution. 

English — All students are required to pass or exempt English 2, 
which must be taken no later than the second semester (usually the 
Spring Semester) of their sophomore year, and one other English 
course, excluding English 1. In addition, all students who have not been 
exempted from English 1 must receive a mark of "Satisfactory" in 
English 1 before being permitted to enroll in English 2. Students may be 
exempted from English 1 on the basis of high achievement on both 
objective parts of the CLEP General Examination in English Composi- 
tion, which may be taken during the year before entrance or during 
Freshman Orientation. Furthermore, some students may be eligible, 
after consultation with the English Department, to exempt English 2 on 
the basis of their CLEP performance. 

Foreign Language or Mathematics — Students are required to meet 
a minimum basic requirement in either a foreign language or 
mathematics. 

Foreign Language. Students may choose from among French, Ger- 
man, Greek, Hebrew, or Spanish and are required to pass two courses 
on the intermediate or higher course level. Placement at the appropriate 
course level will be determined by the faculty of the Department of 
Foreign Languages and Literatures. Students who have completed two 
or more years of a given language in high school are not admitted for 
credit to the elementary course in the same foreign language except by 
written permission of the chairman of the department. French 28 and 
Spanish 28 will meet part of this requirement only if the section taught 
in the language is completed. 

Mathematics. Students are required to demonstrate competence in 
basic algebra and to pass three units of mathematics other than 
Mathematics 5. Competence in basic algebra may be demonstrated 
either by passing the basic algebra section of the Mathematics Placement 
Examination or by passing Mathematics 5. By demonstrating higher 
competence on the Mathematics Placement Examination, students may 
reduce the requirement to two units of mathematics. 

Religion or Philosophy — Students are required to pass two courses 
in either Religion or Philosophy. 

Fine Arts — Students are required to pass two courses as indicated 
in Art, Literature, Music or Theatre. 

Art. Any two courses. 

Literature. Any two literature courses selected from the offerings of 
the Departments of English and Foreign Languages and Literatures. 

Music. Any of the following combinations of music offerings total- 
ing the equivalent of eight semester hours: 

— Two courses from those numbered Music 10 through Music 46. 
— Eight semesters of applied music (private lessons) and/or en- 

16 



semble (choir, band) from courses numbered 60 through 69, 
earned fractionally as follows: 
— (1) For private lessons (Music 60 through 66), a one-half hour 
lesson per week earns one half hour credit, and a one-hour lesson 
earns one hour of credit. Note: no more than one hour of private 
lessons may be taken in one semester, and there are extra fees for 
these lessons. (For details see Music Department course offerings 
described elsewhere in this catalog.) 
— (2) Credit may be earned for participation in the college choir 
(Music 68) and/or band (Music 69); however, a student may earn 
no more than one hour each semester even though participating 
in both band and choir. (For further details please see the Music 
Department offerings elsewhere in this catalog.) 
Theatre. Any two courses numbered 10 and above. 
Natural Science — Students are required to pass any two courses in 
one of the following disciplines: Astronomy/Physics, Biology, 
Chemistry. 

History and Social Science — Students are required to pass two 
courses as indicated in Economics, History, Political Science, Psy- 
chology, or Sociology/ Anthropology. 
Economics. Any two courses. 
History. Any two courses. 
Political Science. Any two courses. 

Psychology. Psychology 10, plus one course usually chosen from 
among Psychology 15, 16, 30, 31, 32, or 38. 

Sociology I Anthropology. Sociology/Anthropology 10 plus another 
course. 



THE MAJOR 

Students are required to complete a series of courses in one departmen- 
tal or interdisciplinary (established or individual) major. Specific course 
requirements for each major offered by the college are listed in the 
Curriculum section of this catalog, beginning on page 39. Students must 
earn a precise 2.0 or better average in those courses stipulated as 
comprising the major. (This requirement is not met by averaging the 
grades for all courses completed in the major department.) Students 
must declare a major by the beginning of their junior year. Departmental 
and established interdisciplinary majors are declared in the Office of the 
Registrar, whereas individual interdisciplinary majors must be ap- 
proved by the Committee on Curriculum Development. Students may 
complete more than one major, each of which will be recorded on the 
transcript. Students may be removed from major status if they are not 
making satisfactory progress in the major. This action is taken by the 
Dean of the College upon the recommendation of the department, 
coordinating committee (for established interdisciplinary majors) or 
Curriculum Development Committee (for individual interdisciplinary 
majors). The decision of the Dean of the College may be appealed to the 

17 



Academic Standing Committee by the student involved or the recom- 
mending department or committee. 

Departmental Majors — Departmental majors are available in the 
following areas: 



Accounting 

Art 

Astronomy 

Biology 

Business Administration 

Chemistry 

Economics 

English 

Foreign Languages and 

Literatures 

French, German, Spanish 

Established Interdisciplinary Majors — The following Established 
Interdisciplinary Majors include course work in two or more depart- 
ments: 



History 

Mathematics 

Music 

Philosophy 

Physics 

Political Science 

Psychology 

Religion 

Sociology/Anthropology 

Theatre 



Accounting-Mathematics 
American Studies 
Criminal Justice 
International Studies 



Literature 

Mass Communications 

Near East Culture and Archeology 



Individual Interdisciplinary Majors — Students may design a major 
which is unique to their needs and objectives and which combines 
course work in more than one department. This major is developed in 
consultation with the student's faculty adviser and with a panel of 
faculty members from each of the sponsoring departments. The applica- 
tion is acted upon by the Curriculum Development Committee. The 
major normally consists of ten courses beyond those taken to satisfy the 
distribution requirements. Students are expected to complete at least six 
courses at the junior or senior level. Examples of individual in- 
terdisciplinary majors are Racial and Cultural Minorities, Illustration In 
the Print Medium, Environmental Law, Advertising, Human Behavior, 
and Images of Man. 




ACADEMIC ADVISEMENT 

One advantage of a small college is the rich experience gained by the 
close association of students and faculty. The advisement program at 
Lycoming enables students to discuss academic and other problems as 
well as opportunities with faculty advisers, instructors, and the staffs of 
the Dean of the College and the Dean of Student Services. 

At the beginning of their first semester of enrollment, freshmen are 
assigned a faculty adviser who is prepared to assist new college students 
with the challenges of an unfamiliar social and academic environment. 
All students are required to have a faculty adviser, and students who 
have declared a major must have an adviser from within the major 
department or program. 

Although the advisement program is an important part of the 
Lycoming academic experience, students are expected to accept full 
responsibility for their academic programs, including satisfactory com- 
pletion of program and college-wide requirements. 

Special advising for selected professions is provided by the follow- 
ing faculty advisory groups: Health Professions Advisory Committee, 
Legal Professions Advisory Committee, Medical Technology Advisory 
Committee, Theological Professions Advisory Committee. Students 
interested in these professions should register with the respective 
committee during their first semester of enrollment at Lycoming or as 
soon as they make a decision to enter the respective profession. 

REGISTRATION 

During the registration period, students file a schedule form with the 
Office of the Registrar. The filing of this form by students and its 
acceptance by the College is evidence of a commitment by students to 
perform in the courses listed to the best of their abilities. Any change in 
the schedule of courses listed on the form, including changes in 
sections, without the formal approval of the Office of the Registrar will 
result in a grade of F. Students may not receive credit in courses in 
which they are not registered. Registration procedures may not be 
initiated after the close of the registration period. 

During the first ten days of classes students may drop any course 
without any record of such enrollment appearing on the permanent 
record, and they may add any course that is not closed, but the approval 
of the instructor is required during the last five days. Students wishing 
to drop a course between the tenth day and the twelfth week of classes 
must secure a withdrawal form from the Office of the Registrar, which 
is presented to the instructor of the course in question. The instructor 
assigns a withdrawal grade based on the level of the student's per- 
formance from the beginning of the course to the date of withdrawal. 
Withdrawal grades are not computed in the grade point average. 
Students may not withdraw from courses after the twelfth week of a 
semester, and the comparable period during the May and Summer 
Terms. 

19 



THE UNIT COURSE SYSTEM 

Instruction at Lycoming College is organized, with few exceptions, on a 
departmental basis. Most courses are unit courses, meaning that each 
course taken is considered to be equivalent to four semester hours of 
credit. Exceptions occur in applied Music courses, which are offered for 
either one-half or one semester hour of credit, and in departments that 
have elected to offer certain courses for the equivalent of two semester 
hours of credit. Further, Independent Studies and Internships carrying 
two semester hours of credit may be designed. The normal student 
course load is four courses during the Fall and Spring Semesters. 
Students who elect to attend the special sessions may enroll in one 
course during the May Term and one or two courses in the Summer 
Term. A student is considered full time when enrolled for a minimum of 
three courses during the Fall or Spring Semesters, one course for the 
May Term and two courses for the Summer Term. Students may enroll 
in five courses during the Fall and Spring Semesters if they are 
Lycoming Scholars or were admitted to the Dean's List at the end of the 
previous semester. Exceptions may be granted by the Dean of the 
College. Overloads are not permitted during the May and Summer 
Terms. 



THE SYSTEM OF GRADING AND REPORTING OF GRADES 

The evaluation of student performance in credit courses is indicated by 
the use of traditional letter symbols. These symbols and their definitions 
are as follows: 

A Excellent — Signifies superior achievement through mas- 

tery of content or skills and demonstration of 
creative and independent thinking. 

B High Pass — Signifies better-than-average achievement 

wherein the student reveals insight and un- 
derstanding. 

C Pass — Signifies satisfactory achievement wherein 

the student's work has been of average quali- 
ty and quantity. The student has demon- 
strated basic competence in the subject area 
and may enroll in additional course work. 

D Low Pass — Signifies unsatisfactory achievement wherein 

the student met only the minimum require- 
ments for passing the course and should not 
continue in the subject area without de- 
partmental advice. 

F Failing — Signifies that the student has not met the 

minimum requirements for passing the 
course. 

I Incomplete Work — Assigned in accordance with the restrictions 

of established academic policy. 

20 



S Passing Work, — Converted from traditional grade of D or 

no grade assigned better. 

U Failing work, — Converted from traditional grade of F. 

no grade assigned. 
X Audit — Work as an auditor, for which no credit is 

earned. 
W Withdrawal — Signifies withdrawal from the course early in 

the term when it cannot be determined that 

the student is passing or failing. 
WP Withdrawal, passing — The student was passing at the time of 

withdrawal; no credit is earned. 
WF Withdrawal, failing — The student was failing at the time of 

withdrawal; no credit is earned. 

Use of the satisfactory/unsatisfactory grading option is limited as 
follows (this does not apply to English 1): 

— Students may enroll on an S/U basis in no more than one course 
per semester and no more than four courses during their under- 
graduate career; 

— S/U courses completed after declaration of the major may not be 
used to satisfy a requirement of that major, including courses 
required by the major department which are offered by other 
departments. (Instructor-designed courses are excepted from this 
limitation.) 

— Courses for which a grade of S is recorded may not be used 
toward fulfillment of any distribution requirement. 

— Students may not enroll in English 2 on an S/U basis. 

— A course selected on an S/U basis which is subsequently 
withdrawn will not count toward the four-course limit. 

— Instructor-designated courses may be offered during the May 
Term with the approval of the Dean of the College. Such courses 
are not counted toward the four-course limit. 

— S/U grades are not computed in the grade point average. 

— Students electing the S/U option may designate a minimum 
acceptable letter grade of A or B. If the letter grade actually earned 
by the student equals or exceeds this minimum, that letter grade 
is entered on the student's permanent record and is computed in 
the grade point average. In such a case, the course does not count 
toward the four-course limit. If the student does not indicate a 
minimum acceptable letter grade or if the letter grade actually 
earned is lower than the minimum designated by the student, the 
Registrar substitutes an S for any passing grade (A, B, C, or D) 
and a U for an F grade. 

— Students must declare the S/U option before the end of the period 
during which courses may be added during any given semester 
or term. 

— Instructors are not notified which of their students are enrolled 
on an S/U basis. 

21 



— Students electing the S/U option are expected to perform the 
same work as those enrolled on a regular basis. 

Incomplete grades may be given if, for absolutely unavoidable 
reasons (usually medical in nature), the student has not been able to 
complete the work requisite to the course. An incomplete grade must be 
removed within six weeks of the next regular semester. 

ATTENDANCE 

The academic program at Lycoming is based upon the assumption that 
there is value in class attendance for all students. Individual instructors 
have the prerogative of establishing reasonable absence regulations in 
any course. The student is responsible for learning and observing these 
regulations. 

ACADEMIC STANDING AND ACADEMIC HONESTY 

Students are in good academic standing when their cumulative and 
semester grade point averages are precisely 2.0 ("C") or better. If either 
of these averages is below this level, the student is considered to be in 
academic difficulty and is placed on probation for one semester, or 
suspended for one semester, or dismissed from the College according to 
policies established by the faculty. Students are subject to dismissal at 
the time the number of unsuccessful course attempts (grades F, U, W, 
WP, WF) exceeds 24 semester hours except in the case of withdrawal for 
medical or psychological reasons. Exceptions to this maximum may be 
granted by the Academic Standing Committee in the case of readmis- 
sion and transfer applicants. 

The integrity of the academic process of the College requires 
honesty in all phases of the instructional program. The College assumes 
that students are committed to the principle of academic honesty. 
Students who fail to honor this commitment are subject to dismissal 
from the College. Procedural guidelines and rules for the adjudication of 
cases of academic dishonesty are printed in The Faculty Handbook and The 
Pathfinder (the student academic handbook), copies of which are avail- 
able in the library. 

CREDIT BY EXAMINATION 

Advanced Placement — Entering freshmen who have completed an 
advanced course while in secondary school and who have taken the 
appropriate advanced placement examination of the College Entrance 
Examination Board (CEEB) are encouraged to apply for credit and 
advanced placement at the time of admission. A grade of three or above 
is considered satisfactory. 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) — Students may earn 
college credit for superior achievement through CLEP. By achieving at 
the 75th percentile or above on the General Examinations and the 65th 
percentile or above on approved Subject Examinations, students may 

22 



earn up to 50 percent of the course requirements for a bachelor of arts 
degree. Although these examinations may be taken after enrollment, 
new students who are competent in a given area are encouraged to take 
the examinations of their choice during the second semester of their 
senior year so that Lycoming will have the test scores available for 
registration advisement for the first semester of enrollment. Further 
information about CLEP may be obtained through the secondary school 
guidance office or the Office of Admissions at Lycoming College. 



ACADEMIC HONORS 

Dean's List — Students are admitted to the Dean's List at the end of 
the Fall and Spring Semesters if they have completed at least four 
courses with other than S/U grades and have a minimum grade point 
average of precisely 3.50 for the semester. 

Graduation Honors — Students are awarded the bachelor of arts 
degree with honors when they have earned the following precise grade 
point averages based on all courses attempted, including courses 
transferred from other institutions to Lycoming: 

summa cum laude 3.90-4.00 

magna cum laude 3.50-3.89 

cum laude 3.25-3.49 

Academic Honor Awards and Societies — Superior academic 
achievement is recognized through the conferring of awards at the 
annual Honors Day Convocation and Commencement and through 
election to membership in the following honor societies: 

Blue Key Freshman Men 

Gold Key Freshman Women 

Omicron Delta Epsilon Economics 

Phi Alpha Theta History 

Psi Chi Psychology 

Sigma Pi Sigma Physics 

Pi Gamma Mu Social Science 

Pi Sigma Alpha Political Science 

Phi Kappa Phi General Academic 

Departmental Honors — Honors projects are normally undertaken 
only in a student's major and are available only to exceptionally well- 
qualified students who have a solid background in the area of the project 
and are capable of considerable self-direction. The prerequisites for 
registration in an honors program are as follows: 

— A faculty member from the department(s) in which the honors 
project is to be undertaken must agree to be the director and must 
secure departmental approval of the project. 
— The director, in consultation with the student, must convene a 
committee consisting of two faculty members from the depart- 
ment in which the project is to be undertaken, one of whom is the 
director of the project, and one faculty member from each of two 

23 






^ 




other departments related to the subject matter of the study. 
— The honors committee must then certify by their signatures on 
the application that the project in question is academically legit- 
imate and worthy of pursuit as an honors project, and that the 
student in question is qualified to pursue the project. 
— The project must be approved by the Committee on Individual 

Studies. 
Students successfully complete honors projects by satisfying the 
following conditions in accordance with guidelines established by the 
Committee on Individual Studies: 

— The student must produce a substantial research paper, critical 
study, or creative project. If the end product is a creative project, 
a critical paper analyzing the techniques and principles employed 
and the nature of the achievement represented in the project shall 
be submitted. 
— The student must successfully explain and defend the work in a 

final oral examination given by the honors committee. 
— The honors committee must certify that the student has suc- 
cessfully defended the project and that the student's achievement 
is clearly superior to that which would ordinarily be required to 
earn a grade of "A" in a regular independent studies course. 
— The Committee on Individual Studies must certify that the 

student has satisfied all of the conditions mentioned above. 
Except in unusual circumstances, honors projects are expected to 
involve independent study in two consecutive unit courses. Successful 
completion of the honors project will cause the designation of honors in 
that department to be placed upon the permanent record. Acceptable 
theses are deposited in the college library. In the event that the study is 
not completed successfully, or is not deemed worthy of honors, the 
student shall be re-registered in independent studies and given a final 
grade for the course. 

24 



SPECIAL FEATURES 

Independent Studies — Independent Studies are available to any 
qualified student who wishes to engage in and receive academic credit 
for any academically legitimate course of study for which he or she could 
not otherwise receive credit, and may be pursued at any level (introduc- 
tory, intermediate, or advanced) and in any department, whether or not 
the student is a major in that department. Studies projects which 
duplicate catalog courses are sometimes possible, and are subject to the 
same provisions which apply to all studies projects. In order for a 
student to be registered in an independent study course, the following 
conditions must be satisfied: 

— An appropriate member of the faculty must agree to supervise the 
project and must certify by signing the application form that the 
project is academically legitimate and involves an amount of work 
appropriate for the amount of academic credit requested, and that 
the student in question is qualified to pursue the project. 
— The studies project must be approved by the chairman of the 

department in which the studies project is to be undertaken. 
— After the project is approved by the instructor and by the 
chairman of the appropriate department, the studies project must 
be approved by the Committee on Individual Studies. 
In addition, participation in independent studies projects, with the 
exception of those which duplicate catalog courses, is subject to the 
following: 

— Students may not engage in more than one independent studies 
project during any given semester. 

— Students may not engage in more than two independent studies 
projects during their academic career at Lycoming College. 

As with other academic policies, any exceptions to these two rules 
must be approved by the Academic Standing Committee. 

Internship Program — An internship is a course jointly sponsored 
by the College and a public or private agency or subdivision of the 
College in which a student is enabled to earn credit by participating in 
some active capacity as an assistant, aide, or apprentice. The objectives 
of the internship program are (1) to further the development of a central 
core of values, awarenesses, strategies, skills, and information through 
experiences outside the classroom or other campus situations, and (2) to 
facilitate the integration of theory and practice by encouraging students 
to relate their on-campus academic experiences more directly to society 
in general, and to possible career and other post-baccalaureate objec- 
tives in particular. 

Any junior or senior student in good academic standing may 
petition the Committee on Individual Studies for approval to serve as an 
intern for one or two semesters. A maximum of 16 credits can be earned. 
Guidelines for program development, assignment of tasks, and 
academic requirements such as exams, papers, reports, grades, etc., are 
established in consultation with a faculty director at Lycoming and an 

25 



agency supervisor at the place of internship. 

Students with diverse majors have participated in a wide variety of 
internships, including the Allenwood Prison Camp, Community Health 
Center, County Commissioners Office, Department of Environmental 
Resources, Head Start, Historical Society, business and accounting 
firms, law offices, hospitals, social service agencies, banks and con- 
gressional offices. 

May Term — The May Term is a four-week voluntary session 
designed to provide students with experimental and special courses that 
are not normally available during the Fall, Spring, and Summer Terms. 
Some courses are offered on campus, while others involve travel. A 
number offer interdisciplinary credit. Illustrations of the types of courses 
offered during the May Term are as follows: (a) Study-Travel: Cultural 
Tours of Germany, Spain, France, Ireland, and the United Kingdom; 
Archeological Expeditions to the Middle East; Oceanographic Expedi- 
tions in Bermuda; Literature of the Sea on location in the Caribbean; 
Anthropological Expeditions to New Mexico to study tri-cultural com- 
munities; Utopian Communities; Photography Workshops in Vermont; 
Revolutionary and Civil War Sites, (b) On-Campus: Financial Statement 
Analysis, Silk-screen Printing, Field Geology, History of Astronomy, 
Field Ornithology, Chemical Analysis, Managing the Small Business, 
Women in Management, Energy Economics, Public School Curriculum, 
Writer's Seminar, Modern American Humor, The Norman Kingdom, 
Practical Logic, Psychology of Group Processes, Ancient Near East 
Religion, Juvenile Delinquency. Some courses offered during the Fall 
and Spring Semesters are offered during the May Term as well. 

Although participation in the May Term is voluntary, student 
response has been outstanding with approximately 25 to 30 percent of 
the student body enrolling. In addition to the courses themselves, 
attractions include small and informal classes and reduced tuition rates. 

Study Abroad — Students have the opportunity to study abroad 
under the auspices of approved universities and agencies. While study 
abroad is particularly attractive to students majoring in foreign lan- 
guages and literatures, this opportunity is open to all students in good 
academic standing. Mastery of a foreign language is desirable but not 
required in all programs. A file of opportunities is available in the 
Library. 

NOTE: Lycoming College cannot assume responsibility for the health, safety, or welfare 
of any student engaged in or en route to or from any off-campus study or activity not 
under the exclusive jurisdiction of this institution. 

Auditors — Any person may audit courses at Lycoming at one-half 
tuition per course. Laboratory and other special fees must be paid in full. 
Examinations, papers and other evaluation devices are not required of 
auditors, but individual arrangements may be made to complete such 
exercises with the consent of the instructor. 

As a special service to the Williamsport and surrounding com- 

26 



munities, Lycoming offers any person within commuting distance an 
opportunity to audit, tuition-free, one course per semester. This pro- 
gram, known as the Lycoming Experimental Audit Program (LEAP), is 
available during the Fall and Spring Semesters as well as the May and 
Summer Terms. Participants pay a $15.00 application fee each semester 
they enroll. Official transcripts are not maintained for LEAP enrollments 
and credit is not awarded. 

Part-Time Students — Any person may take up to two courses 
during any semester or summer term (one in May Term). Part-time 
special students pay the $15.00 application fee for the first registration 
and the part-time tuition rate in effect at the time of each enrollment. 

Life-Long Learning — The program consists of short (3-7 weeks) 
non-credit courses offered throughout the year. Courses have included: 
How to Listen to a Symphony, Photography, Investment Fundamen- 
tals, Preparation of Federal Personal Income Tax Forms, Astronomy 
Today, The American Revolution, Inflation, Rapid Reading, Greek Folk 
Dancing and Culture. 

STUDENT RECORDS 

The policy regarding student educational records is designed to protect 
the privacy of students against unwarranted intrusions and is consistent 
with Section 438 of the General Education Provision Act (commonly 
known as the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, as 
amended). The details of the college policy on student records and the 
procedures for gaining access to student records are contained in the 
current issue of The Pathfinder, which is available in the Library and the 
Office of the Dean of the College. 

THE LYCOMING COLLEGE SCHOLAR PROGRAM 

The Lycoming College Scholar Program is a special program for special 
people. It is designed to meet the needs and aspirations of highly 
motivated students of superior intellectual ability. It offers such people 
the opportunity to develop their full potential through an innovative 
and demanding academic course of study. It is a constantly evolving, 
carefully supervised program which keeps pace with new trends in 
education. Since it consists of carefully selected and supervised stu- 
dents, it can incorporate ideas and policies far in advance of the 
institution as a whole. 

The present Scholar Program offers a broadened core curriculum so 
that its students will have the kind of strong background in the liberal 
arts which educational leaders throughout the nation now recognize as 
a fundamental necessity in coping with a rapidly changing, increasingly 
complex world. The program also attempts to help students understand 
the relationships between the academic disciplines by incorporating 
special seminars which draw together the specific content of various 
fields into a coherent whole so that the information can be applied to 
important issues of the present as well as those of the future. 

27 



In addition, the program recognizes the positive aspects of a major, 
which prepares students to assume specific roles in life by providing 
participants the opportunity to engage in serious independent study 
and thought culminating in a major senior project which is presented to 
their fellow scholars. 

In short, the Scholar Program represents a strong commitment on 
the part of Lycoming College to meet the needs of talented students who 
themselves have a sincere commitment to high quality scholarship and 
intellectual development. 

Students are admitted to the program through invitation by the 
Scholar Council, a group which oversees all aspects of the program. The 
Council consists of four students elected by current scholars and four 
faculty selected by the Dean of the College. The guidelines governing 
selection of new scholars are flexible, since exceptional individuals 
express their talents in different ways. Some do so through traditional 
indicators of academic excellence such as superior rank in class, high 
GPA, or superior SAT scores; others through extracurricular activities 
which demand a high degree of intellectual curiosity, motivation, 
imagination, creativity, or desire for excellence, and still others through 
an obvious commitment to the value of intellectual dialogue, indepen- 
dent thought, and the concept of an outstanding liberal arts education. 

To remain in the program students must maintain an average of 
3.00 or better. Students dropping below this average will be placed on 
probation until their average is again satisfactory or they are asked to 
leave the program. To graduate as a Scholar, students must have at least 
a 3.25 average for all courses taken to meet the curricular requirements 
of the Scholar Program and all courses in the major. 

To graduate as a Scholar, students must take the First Year Scholar 
Seminar during their first semester in the Program. In addition, the 
following core requirements must be completed. 

A. Writing. Scholars must display above average writing skills by 
the end of the sophomore year, as certified by the English Department 
and the Scholar Council. This requirement may be met by obtaining a 
570 on the CLEP General Examination in English or by a grade of "B" in 
English 2. Students not meeting the requirement in either of these ways 
by the end of the freshman year will be asked to do extra work until this 
competency is reached. 

B. Foreign Language. Scholars must demonstrate the competency 
of students who successfully complete the second semester of an 
intermediate level course, or one numbered higher, in a foreign lan- 
guage, or by demonstrating an equivalent proficiency in an exam 
designated by the Department of Foreign Languages. 

C. History. Scholars must complete History 10, 11 (Europe 1500- 
present). 

D. Physical Education. Scholars must satisfy the same physical 
education requirements stipulated by the College for all students. 
Specifically, Scholars must demonstrate competence in swimming and 
earn one year of credit in Physical Education unless exempted for 
medical reasons. 

28 



E. Scholars must also complete 10 courses and four Scholar Semi- 
nars in either of two tracks in each of the four divisions of study 
described below. In each track chosen, students will select no less than 
two courses (three in division D) for a total of nine plus one additional 
which may be taken in any of the four selected tracks. After work in a 
given track is completed, students will take a Scholar Seminar specifical- 
ly designed for that track. (Students may petition the Scholar Council if 
they wish to substitute a course or courses in any track). 

F. A Senior Project must be completed based on some aspects of 
the major. Normally this project will be done as either an independent 
or honors study sponsored by an instructor from the major field and a 
faculty member of the Council. 

G. Scholars must complete a major and 32 units, exclusive of the 
Scholar Seminars. 

THE FOUR DIVISIONS 

Division A Studies in Society 

Using a variety of methodologies, this division will study the 
interrelationships among the historic, economic, political, sociological 
and other cultural factors that contribute to an understanding of people 
and their institutions in a social context. 

Track Al. The Third World 

This track will concentrate on the "Third" or developing world. 
Perhaps as many as two-thirds of the world's population live in lesser 
developed nations. Students selecting this track must complete at least 
one of the following: Economics 45, Political Science 38, 
Sociology/Anthropology 16. And they must complete another of those 
courses or one from: History 29, Sociology/ Anthropology 22; Religion 
23, 24. 

Track Al. The American Society 

Courses in this track will primarily concern themselves with Ameri- 
can institutions and values as seen from historical and contemporary 
perspectives. Time will be spent looking at the structure of American 
society and its origins, problems and prospects. Students selecting this 
track must complete at least one of the following: American Studies 10; 
Sociology /Anthropology 32; Political Science 32, 47; Economics 31, 32. 
And they must complete another of those courses or one from: 
Sociology/Anthropology 34; Political Science 35; Economics 24; History 
27, 43; Mass Communications 10. 

Division B Philosophy and Religion 

In this division, the student is invited to explore some of those 
beliefs and ideas which constitute the foundations of the human 
conceptual context. 

Track Bl. The Western Philosophical Tradition 

The primary object of Track Bl is to provide an understanding and 

29 



appreciation of the fundamental philosophical foundations of the 
Western intellectual tradition. Students selecting this track must com- 
plete at least one of the following: Philosophy 21, 22, 23, or 24. And they 
must complete another of those courses or one from: Religion 33; 
History 20, 41. 

Track B2. Perspectives on Religion 

The courses in Track B2 examine religious belief from the several 
perspectives provided by different disciplines and traditions, with the 
primary object of arriving at a thoughtful, integrated understanding of 
the nature of religion and its relations to other human concerns. 
Students selecting this track must complete at least one of the following: 
Religion 22, 23, 24, 25, 30, 33. And they must complete another of those 
courses or one from: Philosophy 32; Sociology/Anthropology 33, 36. 

Division C Literature and the Fine Arts 

Many artists hold that fiction frequently contains more truth of the 
"whole" person and society than do sermons and the more "data 
based" disciplines; others see art as simply an amusement. Between 
these extremes any number of views strive for attention. Using literature 
as a base, this division will center on the nature and value of art for the 
individual and society. It will do this using the perspectives and 
methodologies of the various arts from "academic" and "creative" 
approaches. 

Track CI . Art in the Twentieth Century 

The more "academic" track, this approach will look at art in the 
twentieth century in a trans- disciplinary manner to see the ways various 
disciplines react and help create the visions and images by which society 
and the individual live. Students selecting this track must complete at 
least one of the following: English 17, 31, 32, 33, 48; Foreign Languages 
25; French 48, 49; German 42, 47; Spanish 48, 49; Theatre 35. And they 
must complete another of those courses or one from: Art 31; Music 46. 

Track C2 . The Making of Art 

From a "creative" approach, students will compose their own 
visions and thereby come to understand from the "inside out" the 
nature of the making process. This track will also study some of the art 
being produced by recognized masters in the fields. Students selecting 
this track must complete at least one of the following: English 35, 36; 
Theatre 15. And they must complete another of those courses or one 
from: Art 15, 20, 25, 27; Music 28, 30, 31, 32; Theatre 18, 26, 28. 

Division D Quantitative Studies 

A primary objective of modern science is the quantitative descrip- 
tion of observed phenomena. Such descriptions are often called 
mathematical models because the descriptions are abstract models of 
reality, and the language used in the description is mathematics. 

30 



Track Dl. Continuous Models 

Observed phenomena in the natural sciences usually require con- 
tinuous mathematical models because most quantities which are meas- 
ured vary continuously with time. Consequently, differential calculus 
provides a wealth of tools for working these models. Students selecting 
this track must complete Mathematics 9, or 18; one of the following: 
Astronomy/Physics 15, 25; Biology 21, 22, 24, 44: Chemistry 11. And 
they must complete another of those courses or one from: 
Astronomy/Physics 16, 26, 28, 29, 44, 45, 46; Chemistry 10, 30; Econom- 
ics 30, 31; Mathematics 19, 20, 21; Philosophy 33. 

Track D2. Discrete Models 

Observed phenomena in the social sciences usually require discrete 
mathematical models because most quantities which are measured are 
analyzed as functions of other social variables (rather than time) which 
assume only finitely many values. Here the methods of finite 
mathematics, statistics, and computer science provide the best tools. 
Students selecting this track must complete Mathematics 13; one of the 
following: Biology 22, 24; Chemistry 32; Psychology 20, 21, 33, 34. And 
they must complete another of those courses or one from: Accounting 
31, 40; Business 23; Mathematics 12, 15, 32, 33; Psychology 10; 
Philosophy 33. 




32 



CHAPTER V 
STUDENT SERVICES 



ADMINISTRATION 

Designed to respond to a diversity of student development needs, the 
program of student services at Lycoming is administered by the Office of 
the Dean of Student Services. The four staff members, three of whom 
reside on campus, are each assigned the following specific responsi- 
bilities: 

— Career Counseling and Placement; 

— Residence Life; 

— Student Activities, Student Union, Student Government, IFC 
and Panhellenic Advisor; 

— Religious Life, Health Service, Study Skills Program, Reading 
Improvement Course. 

All members of the staff are available for counseling and advising 
individual students. 

PERSONAL COUNSELING 

All members of the staff of the Office of Student Services are qualified 
and available to provide non-therapeutic assistance to students with 
adjustment problems. A psychiatrist serves as a consultant to the staff 
and is available for evaluation of individual students who may be in 
need of professional services. Continuing therapy is available through 
referral to public agencies and private clinicians in the Williamsport 
community. Financial arrangements for these referral services are made 
directly by the student with the agency and/or individual clinician 
involved. 

HEALTH SERVICES 

Normal medical treatment by the Health Service staff at the College is 
provided without cost to the student. During the Fall and Spring 
Semesters the College maintains in Rich Hall an out-patient service 
which is staffed with a registered nurse five days a week from 9:00 a.m. 
to 5:00 p.m. The College Physician is available from 11:00 a.m. to 12:00 
noon, Monday through Friday. At other times emergency care is 
available at the Emergency Rooms of The Williamsport and Divine 
Providence Hospitals, located a short distance from the campus. The 
College pays the emergency room charge and the emergency room 
physician's fee for illness when the Health Service is closed. 

The following medical services involve charges which are paid by 
the student: emergency room and emergency room physician's charges 
(except as indicated above), special medications, X-rays, surgery, care 
for major accidents, immunizations, examinations for glasses, 
physician's visits other than in the Health Service, referrals for treat- 

33 



ment by specialists, special nursing services, and special services. 

Entering students must provide basic health information to the 
College between the time of admission and the beginning of classes of 
the term to which they are admitted. This information is secured 
through college participation in the computerized health information 
service provided by Medical Datamation, Inc. New students complete 
the DASH Medical Information Questionnaire that is mailed to students 
shortly after they have confirmed their admission to Lycoming. The 
completed form is sent by the student to Medical Datamation together 
with a check for $10. Both the student and the College receive reports 
based on the questionnaire responses. The student report consists of a 
Medical Database Report, a Health Risk Index, as many health informa- 
tion brochures as requested, and a Personal Quality of Life Report. 
Information provided by the student is confidential and is available only 
to qualified Health Service and Student Services personnel. 

STUDY IMPROVEMENT SERVICES 

Skills Seminars — The seminars, consisting of three one-hour ses- 
sions on scheduling of time, test-taking, and study methods, are 
scheduled on demand for six to ten students. 

Reading Course — Designed to improve reading speed and com- 
prehension, this three-week course is offered at various times during 
the academic year for a nominal fee of $15. 

CAREER DEVELOPMENT SERVICES 

The Career Development Center provides services designed to help 
students recognize their interests and skills enabling them to reach well- 
informed decisions regarding academic major and career/life goals. The 
Center fllso provides information on preparation for specific careers, 
employment outlooks and career trends. Services offered by the Career 
Development Center include: 

— individual counseling 

— career planning seminars in values clarification, skill assessment, 
and decision-making 

— 2500 volume career library 

— relaxation workshops and assertiveness training 

— SHARE (Students Having A Real Experience), a program in 
which students observe and work with a professional in the field 

— placement services to aid seniors in implementing their career 
plans 

— assistance to students in securing internships, summer em- 
ployment and part-time employment 

— speaker's program which brings professionals from a variety of 
careers to campus seminars 

— video-cassette programs relating to job skills and career informa- 
tion 

— microfiche copies of graduate and professional school catalogs for 
the United States and abroad. 

34 




RESIDENCE AND RESIDENCE HALLS 

Students who are single and who do not reside at home are required to 
live in residence halls and eat in the dining room. All new resident 
students are forwarded a room agreement form to sign following 
confirmation of their admission to Lycoming. This agreement is re- 
newed each Spring. Exceptions to the residence policy may be granted 
to those students who wish to live with relatives, and those over 23 
years of age who have established non-resident status; requests for such 
exemptions must be submitted to the Assistant Dean of Student 
Services for Residence Life before the first day of the term to which the 
student has been admitted. 

Resident students assume responsibility for their rooms and 
furnishings. The College reserves the right to enter and inspect any 
room for reasons of damage, health, or safety and to search any room 
when there is reason to believe a violation of college rules or the law is 
occurring or has occurred. Charges are assessed for damage to rooms, 
doors, furniture, and common areas as explained in Chapter III of this 
catalog. 

Residence Halls are not available for occupancy during the vacation 
periods. Quiet hours for study purposes, which are established by 
residence hall councils or the Office of Student Services, are published 
in the Residence Halls Handbook and posted on bulletin boards. 

Room visitation by members of the opposite sex is permitted in the 
halls under conditions established by the College in cooperation with 
the various residence hall councils, which share responsibility for 
developing and monitoring regulations and which are organized each 
Fall Semester before visitation schedules are established. 



35 



STANDARDS OF CONDUCT 

All students are expected to accept responsibilities required of adults in 
a free, democratic society. The rights of every member of the community 
are protected from encroachment by established rules and regulations. 
Although the acceptance and observance of the standards of behavior 
expected by the College are individual responsiblities, they are a group 
responsibility as well. It is incumbent on all students to influence their 
peers to conduct themselves honorably for the collective good. Accept- 
ance of membership in the Lycoming community assumes a willingness 
to accept these responsibilities and implicit restrictions. Students who 
are unable to demonstrate that they have accepted these responsibilities 
or who are antagonistic to the spirit and general purpose of the College 
or who fail to abide by established regulations may be dismissed at any 
time and may be denied the privilege of attending subsequent terms. 
Further, following the conclusion of any term or semester, the College 
may deny a student the privilege of attending any subsequent term or 
semester when the administration deems this to be in the best interest of 
the College. 

Lycoming College does not approve or support the use or misuse of 
alcoholic beverages. Its historic relationship to The United Methodist 
Church and its interpretation of its mission as an institution of higher 
education has traditionally supported and encouraged students who 
abstain from the use of alcoholic beverages. 

Students who enter Lycoming are expected to honor the legal 
restrictions on alcohol use imposed by the Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania. The observance of the law is the individual responsibility of each 
student, and failure to obey the law may subject the student to 
prosecution by civil authorities, either on or off the campus. 

Students are also expected to be aware of the College's attitude 
toward the use and misuse of alcohol and to acknowledge the College's 
right to its position. The College will not tolerate any public use of 
alcohol, and officials of the College will prescribe penalties for the public 
or private misuse of alcohol. These penalties will be applied in a 
consistent manner. 

The College also accepts responsibility for providing students with 
reliable information regarding alcoholic beverages and the social and 
medical implications of its use. The purpose of the Program on Beverage 
Education is to enable students to make a reasoned decision between the 
personal options of use or non-use of alcoholic beverages and to assist 
students who choose to abstain to be comfortable with that decision in 
a larger society where pressures are intense to use alcoholic beverages. 

The College will make every effort to create and maintain a 
community in which individual choice is coupled with responsible 
behavior and respect for the rights of others. 

All students are provided a copy of the Guidepost when they are 
admitted to Lycoming, and resident students are provided a copy of the 
Residence Halls Handbook. These documents contain statements of official 
college policies, rules, and regulations, all of which are part of the 

36 



contractual agreement students enter into when they register at Lycom- 
ing. 



RELIGIOUS LIFE 

Opportunities for spiritual growth are provided through voluntary 
participation in the religious life of the College and the community of 
Williamsport. The religious life program is intended to encourage all 
students to sustain their own particular religious commitment through 
these opportunities. A United Campus Ministry involving chaplains to 
United Methodist, Episcopal, Lutheran, Baptist, Presbyterian and Ro- 
man Catholic students and cooperating churches in the community 
provide the following services: 

— worship program; 

— service opportunities; 

— pastoral counseling; 

— local church relationships; 

— religious activities. 

Additional chaplains will be appointed as arrangements to expand 
the ministry to other faiths and denominations are completed. 

Regular Protestant and Roman Catholic worship services are held 
on Sundays in the College Chapel, and several ecumenical worship 
opportunities are planned for special seasons of the church year, 
including Christmas, Easter, and Passover. 

The United Campus Ministry Center, containing the St. John 
Neumann Chapel, a social and meeting area, Chapel Office and Sac- 
risty, a lounge and two offices is located on the basement floor of Clarke 
Chapel. The Chaplains' office is located in the United Campus Ministry 
Center. 



ORIENTATION OF NEW STUDENTS 

The purpose of the orientation program is to insure that new students 
begin their Lycoming experience under the most favorable circum- 
stances and to provide opportunities for new students and their parents 
to become more fully informed about the College. Four sessions of two 
and one-half days each are organized each summer and attendance by 
all new students and at least one parent is required. During the 
orientation program, parents and students participate in the following 
activities: 

— Briefing sessions on the academic and co-curricular programs; 

— Academic advisement and registration for Fall Semester classes; 

— Placement testing in swimming, mathematics, and English; 

— Purchase of textboks. 

Information pertaining to orientation is mailed to students after 
they have confirmed their admission to Lycoming. 

37 



STUDENT ACTIVITIES 

A full program of cultural, professional, athletic, and social activities is 
an integral part of college life at Lycoming. Students will find a diversity 
of outlets for their talents, interests, and leadership abilities through 
departmental clubs, intercollegiate and intramural athletics, fraternities 
and sororities, clubs, student publications, musical organizations, 
theatre, radio station, honorary societies, student government, and 
outdoor recreation. Information about these activities is provided in the 
Guidepost and other publications of the College and is available through 
the Office of the Dean of Student Services. 




CHAPTER VI 

THE CURRICULUM 

Numbers 1-9 Elementary courses in departments where such courses 

are not counted as part of the student's major. 
Numbers 10-19 Freshman level Courses 
Numbers 20-29 Sophomore level Courses 
Numbers 30-39 Junior level Courses 
Numbers 40-49 Senior level Courses 

Numbers 50-59 Non-catalog Courses (offered on a limited basis) 
Numbers 60-69 Applied Music 
Numbers 70-79 Internships 
Numbers 80-89 Independent Study 
Numbers 90-99 Independent Study for Departmental Honors 

Courses not in sequence are listed separately, as: 

Introduction to Art Art 10 

Drawing 1 Art 11 

Courses which imply a sequence are indicated with a dash between, 
meaning that the first semester must be taken prior to the second, as: 

Intermediate French French 10-11 

All students without regard to sex have the right of access to all courses. 

ACCOUNTING 

Professor: Richmond (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Kuhns 

The purpose of the accounting major is to help prepare the student for a career 
within the accounting profession, whether public, private or governmental, 
through a curriculum stressing pre- professional education. 

A major consists of Accounting 10, 20-21, 30, 40, 41, 45, Math 13, 15, and 
one and one-half units to be selected from Accounting 25, 26, 31, 42, 44, 46, 47, 
and 48 or Internship after consultation with and approval of the department in 
accordance with the student's professional interests and objectives. Business 10 
may be substituted for Accounting 10 if a student changes majors. 

Students seeking entry into the public accounting field are advised to 
investigate the professional requirements for certification in the state in which 
they intend to practice so that they may meet all educational requirements prior 
to graduation. All majors are advised to enroll in Economics 10 and 11, Business 
35, 36, and 38, and one of the following: Business 33, Economics 20 or 37. 

10 ELEMENTARY ACCOUNTING THEORY 

An introductory course in recording, classifying, summarizing, and in- 
terpreting the basic business transaction. Problems of classification and 
interpretation of accounts and preparation of financial statements are 
studied. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor. 

20-21 INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING THEORY 

An intensive study of accounting statements and analytical procedures with 

39 



emphasis upon corporate accounts. Price level adjustments, partnerships, 
joint ventures, installments and consignment sales, branch and home office 
accounting, and the statement of affairs are among topics studied. Prere- 
quisite: Accounting 10. 

25 FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS 

Deals with the analysis of financial statements as an aid to decision making. 
The theme of the course is understanding the financial data which are 
analyzed as well as the methods by which they are analyzed and in- 
terpreted. This course should prove of value to all who need a thorough 
understanding of the uses to which financial statements are put as well as 
to those who must know how to use them intelligently and effectively. This 
includes accountants, security analysts, lending officers, credit analysts, 
managers and all others who make decisions on the basis of financial data. 
Prerequisite: Accounting 10 or Business 10. May Term. 

26 GOVERNMENTAL AND FUND ACCOUNTING 

This course is designed to introduce accounting for not-for-profit organiza- 
tions. Municipal accounting, reporting and auditing, and federal and 
institutional accounting and reporting are studied. Prerequisite: Accounting 
10 or Business 10. One-half unit of credit. 

30-31 COST AND BUDGETARY ACCOUNTING THEORY 

Methods of accounting for material, labor, and factory overhead expenses 
consumed in manufacturing using job order, process and standard costing. 
Application of cost accounting and budgeting theory to decision making in 
the areas of make or buy, expansion of production and sales, and account- 
ing for control are dealt with. Prerequisite: Accounting 20 or consent of 
instructor. 

40 AUDITING THEORY 

A study of the science or art of verifying, analyzing, and interpreting 
accounts and reports. The goal of the course is to emphasize concepts which 
will enable students to understand the philosophy and environment of 
auditing. Special attention is given to the public accounting profession, 
studying auditing standards, professional ethics, the legal liability inherent 
in the attest function, the study and evaluation of internal control, the 
nature of evidence, the growing use of statistical sampling, the impact of 
electronic data processing, and the basic approach to planning an audit. 
Finally, various audit reports expressing independent expert opinions on 
the fairness of financial statements are studied. Prerequisite: Accounting 21, 
and Mathematics 13 and 15. 

41 FEDERAL INCOME TAX ACCOUNTING AND PLANNING 

Analysis of the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code relating to income, 
deductions, inventories, and accounting methods. Practical problems in- 
volving determination of income and deductions, capital gains and losses, 
computation and payment of taxes through withholding at the source and 
through declaration are considered. Planning transactions so that a min- 
imum amount of tax will result is emphasized. Prerequisite: Accounting 10 or 
consent of instructor. 

40 



42 FEDERAL INCOME TAX ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING 

An analysis of the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code relating to 
partnerships, estates, trusts, and corporations. An extensive series of 
problems is considered and effective tax planning is emphasized. Prere- 
quisite: Accounting 41. 

44 CONTROLLERSHIP 

Control process in the organization. General systems theory, financial 
control systems, centralization-decentralization, performance measurement 
and evaluation, forecasts and budgets and marketing, production and 
finance models for control purposes. Prerequisite: Accounting 31 or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

45 AUDITING PRACTICE 

An audit project is presented, solved and the auditor's report is written. 
THIS COURSE IS LIMITED TO STUDENTS WHO HAVE EITHER COM- 
PLETED OR ARE ENROLLED IN ACCOUNTING 40. One-half unit of credit. 

46 SEMINAR ON APB OPINIONS AND FASB STANDARDS 

A seminar course for accounting majors with library assignments to gain a 
workable understanding of the highly technical opinions of the Accounting 
Principles Board and standards of the Financial Accounting Standards 
Board. One term paper. Possible trip to New York City to attend a public 
hearing of the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Prerequisite: Account- 
ing 10. May Term. 

47 ADVANCED ACCOUNTING 

Certain areas of advanced accounting theory, including business combina- 
tions, consolidated financial statements and accounting and reporting for 
the Securities and Exchange Commission are covered. Prerequisite: Account- 
ing 21. One-half unit of credit. 

48 CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS FOR CPA CANDIDATES 

Problems from the Accounting Practice sections of past C.P.A. examina- 
tions which require a thorough knowledge of the core courses in their 
solution are assigned. The course is intended to meet the needs of those 
interested in public accounting and preparation for the Certified Public 
Accountants Examination. Prerequisite: Accounting 30 or consent of instructor. 
One-half unit of credit. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns in accounting typically work off-campus under the supervision of a 
public or private accountant. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Typical examples of recent studies in accounting are: computer program to 
generate financial statements, educational core for public accountants, 
inventory control and church taxation. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 

41 



ACCOUNTING— MATHEMATICS 

Professor: Richmond (Coordinator) 

The Accounting-Mathematics Interdisciplinary Major is designed to offer, 
within a liberal arts framework, courses which will aid in constructing 
mathematical models for business decision making. Students obtain a substan- 
tial background in mathematics and a working knowledge in accounting. 

Majors will be only four courses short of a math major and three courses 
short of an accounting major. Required accounting courses are: Accounting 10, 
20, 21, 30, 31. In Mathematics they are: Mathematics 18, 19, 20, and 37 plus two 
courses from Mathematics 21, 31, 32, and 33. Business courses required are: 
Business 35 and 36. Recommended courses include: Mathematics 13 and 15; 
Business 23, 34, 38, and 39; Economics 10 and 11; Psychology 15 and 24; and 
Sociology 10. 

AMERICAN STUDIES 

Associate Professor: Piper (Coordinator) 

The American Studies major offers a comprehensive program in American 
civilization which introduces students to the complexities underlying the 
development of America and its contemporary life. The thirteen major courses 
include: 

FOUR-CORE COURSES — The primary integrating units of the major, these 
team-taught courses will teach you how to think of ideas from different points 
of view and how to correlate information and methods from various disciplines: 
America As a Civilization (First semester of major study) 
American Studies — Research and Methodology (Second semester) 
American Tradition in the Arts and Literature (Third semester) 
Internship or Independent Study (Junior and/or senior year) 

CONCENTRATION AREAS — Six courses in one option and three in the 
other are needed. Six primary Concentration Option courses in American Arts 
or American Society build around the insights gained in the Core Courses. They 
focus particular attention on areas most germane to academic and vocational 
interests. The three additional courses from the other option give further breadth 
to understanding of America. Students also will be encouraged to take elective 
courses relating to other cultures. 

American Arts Concentration Option 

American Art — Art 24 

American Art of the 20th Century — Art 32 

19th Century American Literature — English 16 

20th Century American Literature — English 17 

American Music — Music 51 

American Theatre — Theatre 51 

American Society Concentration Option 

U.S. Social and Intellectual History to 1877 —History 42 

U.S. Social and Intellectual History since 1877 — History 43 

The American Constitutional System — Political Science 30 

The American Political Tradition — Political Science 47 

American Economic Development — Economics 51 

Racial and Cultural Minorities — Sociology 34 

42 



Students should design their American Studies major in consultation with 
the program co-ordinator or a member of the American Studies committee. 

10 AMERICA AS A CIVILIZATION 

An analysis of the historical, socio-cultural, economic, and political per- 
spectives on American civilization with special attention to the interrela- 
tionships between these various orientations. 

11 AMERICAN STUDIES— RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGY 

The study and application of various research methods, including new 
trends in historical study, quantitative analysis, cross-cultural studies and 
on-site inspection. 

12 AMERICAN TRADITION IN THE ARTS AND LITERATURE 

The relationships of the arts and literature to the various historical periods 
of American life. 

70-79 or 80-89 INTERNSHIP OR INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

An opportunity to relate the learning in the Core Courses and the 
Concentration Areas to an actual supervised off-campus learning situation 
or independent study project. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR HONORS (See Index) 




43 



ART 

Associate Professor: Shipley (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Bogle 

Instructor: Lesko 

Part-Time Instructor: T. Wild 

A major consists of a balanced program of history of art and studio courses. In 
addition to the core courses of the major program (Art 11, 15, or 18, 20, 21, 22, 
23, 30, and 46), the student will elect two advanced courses in art history. Art 25 
and 35, or Art 28 and 38 may be substituted for Art 20 and 30. Majors will be 
required to present their better work in a one-person show during their senior 
year. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO ART 

Course includes basic studio work in two and three dimensions as well as 
lecture and slide presentations. The goal of the course is to equip the student 
with the skills and background necessary to approach art in an open and 
receptive manner. 

11 DRAWING I 

Study of the human figure with gesture and proportion stressed. Student is 
made familiar with different drawing techniques and media. Some drawing 
from nature. Offered in alternate semesters with Drawing II and III. 

12 COLOR THEORY 

A study of the physical and emotional aspects of color. Emphasis will be 
placed on the study of color as an aesthetic agent for the artist. The color 
theories of Johannes Itten will form the base for this course with some study 
of the theories of Albert Munsell, Faber Berren, and Wilhelm Ostwald. May 

Term only. 

14 DESIGN FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

A course designed to give students the opportunity to explore, in their own 
creative style, ideas, techniques and methods for involving children in 
expressive activities through the use of a wide range of media in the making 
of prints, puppets, pictorial and design projects, simple modeling, mosaics, 
plaster casting, weaving and stitchery projects, simple jewelry and gift crafts, 
lettering projects, mobiles, stabiles, and other three-dimensional designs 
created from scrap materials. 

15 TWO-DIMENSIONAL DESIGN 

The basic fundamentals found in the two-dimensional arts: line, shape, form, 
space, color, and composition are taught in relationship to the other two- 
dimensional arts. Perceptual theories and their relationships to what and 
why we see what we see in art are discussed with each problem. 

18 FIGURE MODELING 

Understanding the figure will be approached through learning the basic 
structures and proportions of the figure. The course is conceived as a three- 
dimensional drawing class. At least one figure per student will be cast. 

44 



19 CERAMICS I 

Emphasis placed on pottery design as it relates to function of vessels and the 
design parameters imposed by the characteristics of clay. The techniques of 
ceramics are taught to encourage expression rather than to dispense merely 
a technical body of information. 

20 PAINTING I 

An introduction of painting techniques and materials. Coordination of color, 
value, and design within the painting is taught. Some painting from the 
figure. No limitations as to painting media, subject matter or style. 
Prerequisite: Art 15 or consent of instructor. 

21 DRAWING II 

Continued study of the human figure. Emphasis is placed on realism and 
figure-ground coordination with the use of value and design. Prerequisite: Art 
11. 

22 HISTORY OF ART I 

A survey of Western architecture, sculpture, and painting. Emphasis is on 
the interrelation of form and content and on the relatedness of the visual arts 
to their cultural environment: Near East, Egypt, Greece, Rome, and Medieval 
Europe. 

23 HISTORY OF ART II 

A survey of Western architecture, sculpture, and painting. Emphasis is on 
the interrelation of form and content and on the relatedness of the visual arts 
to their cultural environment: Renaissance to Modern. 

24 AMERICAN ART 

The development of the arts in America from Colonial times to the Armory 
Show with emphasis on the 18th and 19th centuries: Copley, Greenough, 
Bulfinch, Homer, Eakins, Richardson, and Sloan. 

25 SCULPTURE I 

An introduction to the techniques, materials, and ideas of sculpture. Clay, 
plaster, wax, wood, and other materials will be used. The course will be 
concerned with ideas about sculpture as expression, and with giving material 
form to ideas. 

27 INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY 

Objectives of the course are to develop technical skills in the use of 
photographic equipment (cameras, films, darkroom, print maker) and to 
develop sensitivity in the areas of composition, form, light, picture quality, 
etc. Each student must own or have access to a 35mm roll film camera. 

28 PRINTMAKING I 

Practice of the techniques of silk-screen, wood-block, and linoleum-block 
printing. Prerequisite: Art 11 or 15. 

45 



29 CERAMICS II 

Continuation of Ceramics I. Emphasis on use of the wheel and technical 
aspects such as glaze making and kiln firing. Prerequisite: Art 19. 

30 PAINTING II 

Emphasis is placed on individual style and technique. Artists and move- 
ments in art are studied. No limitations as to painting media, subject matter, 
or style. Prerequisite: Art 20. 

31 MODERN EUROPEAN ART 

Stylistic developments in Europe from 1880 to the present, including 
Cubism, Fauvism, Expressionism, Dada, and Surrealism. Picasso, Matisse, 
Kandinsky and Mondrian are among the major artists studied. 

32 AMERICAN ART OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture in the United States from 1900 to the 
present with emphasis on developments of the fifties and sixties: an inquiry 
into the meaning and historical roots of contemporary art. 

33 19TH CENTURY ART 

Emphasis on painting, sculpture and architecture of Western Europe from 
1760 to 1900, including the work of late 18th century artists David and Goya 
and 19th century developments from Romanticism to Post-Impressionism. 

34 ART OF THE RENAISSANCE 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture in Italy and the Northern countries, 
from the late 13th century through the early 16th century. Artists include 
Giotto, Donatello, Alberti, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Van Eyck, 
Diirer and Briiegel. 

35 SCULPTURE II 

A continuation of Art 25 or Art 16, with emphasis on independent projects 
and more complex technique. Casting of bronze and aluminum sculpture 
will be done in the school foundry. Prerequisite: Art 16 or 25. 

37 PHOTOGRAPHY II 

To extend the skills developed in Photography I by continued growth in 
technical expertise, presentation, conceptual ability, and aesthetic sensi- 
bility. Emphasis is placed upon term essay in area of student's interest and 
presented in booklet format. Prerequisite: Art 27. 

38 PRINTMAKING II 

Further exploration of silk-screen printing techniques, practice of the 
techniques of engraving, drypoint, etching, and aquatint. 

40 PAINTING III 

Professional quality is stressed. There is some experimentation with new 
painting techniques and styles. 

46 




41 DRAWING III 

Continued study of human figure, individual style and professional control 
of drawing techniques and media are now emphasized. 

46 STUDIO RESEARCH 

Independent research in an elective studio area, conducted under the 
supervision of the appropriate faculty member, includes creation of work 
which may be incorporated in a one-person senior exhibition. Student works 
in private studio assigned by the department. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Commercial Design, Interior Design, and photography programs in local 
businesses and Museum work at the Historical Museum. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Recent studies in anatomy. Aspects of the Art Noveau, Lithography, 
Photography, Pottery, Problems in Illustration, and watercolor. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 

47 



ASTRONOMY/PHYSICS 

Professor: Fineman 
Associate Professor: W. Smith 
Assistant Professor: Erickson (Chairman) 

The department offers two majors. The major in astronomy is specifically 
designed to train students in the field of planetarium education. The major in 
physics prepares students for graduate work in physics or astronomy, for the 
cooperative program in engineering, or for state certification as secondary school 
teachers of physics. Juniors and seniors in both majors are required to attend and 
participate in the weekly departmental colloquia. 

A number of courses in this department are offered on two levels which differ 
in the degree of mathematical rigor and sophistication needed. All such courses 
have dual catalog numbers, with the letters B (basic) and A (advanced) appearing 
after the course names to indicate the level. Both the B and A level of a course 
meet together for the same three hours of lecture each week, while the A level 
meets for one additional hour each week of more advanced mathematical 
development of the material. This system is designated as the "3+1" method. No 
student may earn credit for both levels of a course. 

The major in astronomy requires AsPh 11, 12, either 15 or 25, either 16 or 26, 
30, either 34 or 44, either 35 or 45, and either 36 or 46; Mathematics 18 and 19 
(Calculus I and II); and one year of chemistry. One or more of the following are 
recommended: AsPh 3, 4, 5, 27, 33, or 42; and Art 27 (Photography I). 

The major in physics requires AsPh 11, either 12 or 13, 25, 26, 28, 29, and 
at least two courses chosen from 27, 33, 42, 44, 45, 46 and 48; Mathematics 18 and 
19 (Calculus I and II); and one year of chemistry. With departmental consent, 
advanced courses may be substituted for AsPh 11, 12, or 13. In addition, 
Mathematics 20 and 21 (Multivariate Calculus and Differential Equations) are 
required for graduate school preparation and the cooperative program in 
engineering. It is also recommended that student planning on graduate study in 
physics or astronomy take one year of a foreign language and Mathematics 13 and 
15 (Introduction to Statistics and Computer Science). With departmental consent, 
advanced courses may be substituted for Astronomy and Physics 11 and 12. 

3 OBSERVATIONAL ASTRONOMY 

A methods course providing the opportunity to make a variety of 
astronomical observations, both visually and photographically, with and 
without telescopes. The planetarium is used to familiarize the student with 
the sky at various times during the year and from different locations on earth. 

4 FIELD GEOLOGY 

A methods course introducing the field techniques needed to study the 
geology of an area. May term. 

5 HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY 

A comprehensive view of the evolution of astronomical thought from ancient 
Greece to the present, emphasizing the impact that astronomical discoveries 
and the conquest of space have had on Western culture. Four hours of lecture 
per week. 

48 



11 PRINCIPLES OF ASTRONOMY 

A summary of current concepts of the universe, from the solar system to 
distant galaxies. Describes the techniques and instruments used in 
astronomical research. Presents not only what is reasonably well known 
about the universe, but also considers some of the major unsolved problems. 
Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion and planetarium demonstration, and 
two hours of laboratory per week. Fall Semester. 

12 ENVIRONMENTAL AND EARTH SCIENCE 

A study of the physical processes that continually affect the planet Earth, 
shaping our environment. Describes how past events and lifeforms can be 
reconstructed from preserved evidence to reveal the history of our planet 
from its origin to the present. Emphasizes the ways in which geology, 
meteorology, and oceanography interrelate with man and the environment. 
Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion and demonstration, and tzvo hours of 
laboratory/ per week. Spring Semester. 

13 METEOROLOGY 

The general properties of the atmosphere and their measurements will be 
discussed in terms of basic physical and chemical laws. Two basic themes will 
guide the approach, i.e. , the atmosphere behaves like a giant heat engine and 
weather patterns exist from a micro- to-macroscale. Three lectures and one tzvo 
hour laboratory per week. May Term only. Alternate years. 

15 CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS B 

25 CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS A 

Rather than presenting an encyclopedia view of classical physics, this course 
emphasizes the development of concepts and principles to be applied in all 
further courses. The fundamental quantities and laws of mechanics, electrici- 
ty and magnetism, and thermodynamics will be presented and illustrated 
with numerous problems. Lectures presented fa/ the "3 + 1" method; also one hour 
of recitation and three hours of laboratory per week. Credit may not be earned for 
both Astronomy and Physics 15 and 25. Prerequisite for 15: Mathematics 17 
(Precalculus) . Corequisite for 25: Mathematics 18 (Calculus I). Fall Semester. 

16 WAVES AND PARTICLES B 

26 WAVES AND PARTICLES A 

Description of waves, the wave equation, electromagnetic waves. Reflection, 
refraction, interference, and diffraction. The constituents of matter and 
radiation, the interaction of matter and radiation, wave-particle duality. The 
Bohr atom, atomic structure, and atomic spectra. Nuclear structure, radio- 
active decay, and nuclear reactions. Lectures presented fa/ the "3 + 1" method; 
also one hour of recitation and three hours of laboratory penoeek. Credit may not 
be earned for both Astronomy and Physics 16 and 26. Prerequisite for 
Astronomy and Physics 16: 15 or 25 (Concepts of Physics B or A). Prerequisite for 
Astronomy and Physics 26: 25 (Concepts of Physics A). Corequisite for Astronomy 
and Physics 26: Mathematics 19 (Calculus II). Spring Semester. 

49 



27 ELECTRONICS 

D.C. and A.C. circuit and network theory, active devices such as transistors, 
operational amplifiers, integrated circuits and introduction to digital elec- 
tronics will be covered. Three lectures and two 2 -hour laboratory sessions per week. 
Prerequisites: Astronomy I Physics 15 or 25 and Mathematics 9 or 18, or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

28 MECHANICS 

Kinematics and dynamics of single particles and systems of particles. Rigid 
bodies. Introduction to the mechanics of continuous media. Moving refer- 
ence frames. Lagrangian mechanics. Four hours of lecture and three hours of 
laboratory per week. Prerequisites: Astronomy and Physics 25 (Concepts of Physics 
A) and Mathematics 19 (Calculus II). 

29 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 

The electromagnetic field, electrical potential, magnetic field, and electric and 
magnetic properties of matter. Electric circuits. Maxwell's equations. Labora- 
tory includes electronics as well as classical electricity and magnetism. Four 
hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory/ per week. Prerequisite: Astronomy and 
Physics 26 (Waves and Particles A). 

30 PLANETARIUM TECHNIQUES 

A methods course covering major aspects of planetarium programming, 
operation, and maintenance. Students are required to prepare and present 
a planetarium show. Upon successfully completing the course, students are 
eligible to become planetarium assistants. Two hours of lecture and demonstra- 
tion and four hours of practical training per week. Prerequisite: Astronomy and 
Physics 11 (Principles of Astronomy) or consent of the instructor. 

33 OPTICS 

Geometrical optics and optical systems; physical optics, interference, 
Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction; and coherence and lasers will be covered. 

Three lectures and three hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: Astronomy/Physics 
16 or 26 and Mathematics 9 or 18, or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

32 ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS B 

42 ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS A 

A survey course on the physics of the upper atmosphere. Lectures presented 
bx/ the "3 + 1" method. Credit may not be earned for both 32 and 42. 
Prerequisites for 32: 12 (Environmental and Earth Science) and Astronomy and 
Physics 16 or 26 (Waves and Particles B or A). Prerequisites for Astronomy and 
Physics 42: 12 (Environmental and Earth Science) and Astronomy and Physics 26 
(Waves and Particles A). Alternate years. 

34 RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY B 

44 RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY A 

A detailed presentation of the special theory of relativity, and a short view 
of the general theory and its classical proofs. Man's concepts of the universe, 

50 



with particular attention to alternative modern cosmological models. Dis- 
cussion of the Cosmological Principle, its rationale, and its implications. 
Lectures will be presented by the "3 + 1" method. Credit may not be earned for 
both Astronomy and Physics 34 and 44. Prerequisites for Astronomy and Physics 
34: 11 (Principles of Astronomy) and either Astronomy and Physics 15 or 25 
(Concepts of Physics B or A), Mathematics 18 (Calculus I). Prerequisites for 
Astronomy and Physics 44: 1 1 (Principles of Astronomy) and 25 (Concepts of Physics 
A). 

35 STELLAR EVOLUTION AND NUCLEOSYNTHESIS B 

45 STELLAR EVOLUTION AND NUCLEOSYNTHESIS A 

The physical principles governing the internal structure and external 
appearance of stars. Mechanisms of energy generation and transport within 
stars. The evolution of stars from initial formation to final stages. The creation 
of chemical elements by nucleosynthesis. Lectures presented by the "3 + 1" 
method. Credit may not be earned for both Astronomy and Physics 35 and 
45. Prerequisites for Astronomy and Physics 35: 11 (Principles of Astronomy) and 
either Astronomy and Physics 16 or 26 (Waves and Particles B or A). Corequisite 
for Astronomy and Physics 35: Mathematics 19 (Calculus II) or consent of the 
instructor. Prerequisites for Astronomy andPhysics45: 11 (Principles of Astronomy) 
and 26 (Waves and Particles A). Alternate years. 

36 STELLAR DYNAMICS AND GALACTIC STRUCTURE B 

46 STELLAR DYNAMICS AND GALACTIC STRUCTURE A 

The motion of objects in gravitational fields. Introduction to the n-body 
problem. The relation between stellar motions and the galactic potential. The 
large scale structure of galaxies in general and of the Milky Way Galaxy in 
particular. Lectures presented by the "3 + 1 " method. Credit may not be earned 
for both Astronomy and Physics 36 and 46. Prerequisites for 36: 11 (Principles 
of Astronomy) and either 15 or 25 (Concepts of Physics B or A). Corequisite for 
Astronomy and Physics 36: Mathematics 19 (Calculus II) or consent of instructor. 
Prerequisites for Astronomy and Physics 46: 11 (Principles of Astronomy) and 25 
(Concepts of Physics A). Corequisite for Astronomy and Physics 46: 28 (Mechanics) 
or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

48 INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS 

Basic concepts and formulation of quantum theory. The free particle, the 
simple harmonic oscillator, the hydrogen atom, and central force problems 
will be discussed. Both time independent and time dependent perturbation 
theory will be covered. Four hours of lecture and recitation. Prerequisite: either 
Astronomy and Physics 26 (Waves and Particles A) or Chemistry 31 (Physical 
Chemistry 11), and Mathematics 21 (Differential Equations). 

49 ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS COLLOQU1A 

Active scientists in astronomy, physics, and related areas are invited to present 
lectures on their own research or other professional activities. In addition, seniors 
majoring in astronomy or physics present the results of a literature survey or 
individual research project. One hour per week. Majors in this department must 
attend three semesters without credit during junior and senior years (register 

51 



for non-credit 00, Colloquia). Credit may be earned during the senior 
semester in which the student's presentation is given. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns in physics work off-campus under the supervision of professional 
physicists employed by local industries or hospitals. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Independent studies may be undertaken in most areas of astronomy and/or 
physics. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 



BIOLOGY 

Associate Professor: Angstadt (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Diehl, Gabriel, D. King, Zaccaria 

A major consists of eight Biology courses including 10-11, 21, 22, 23, 24, and 25. 
In addition, three units of chemistry and two units of mathematics are required. 
The chemistry requirement must include at least one unit of organic chemistry 
chosen from Chemistry 5, 20 or 21. The mathematics courses must be chosen 
from courses numbered 9, 13, 14, 15, 17 or above or their equivalent. Certain 
specific exceptions to the core program will be made for three-year students 
enrolled in cooperative programs. Such exceptions are noted under the particu- 
lar cooperative program described in the last section of the Curriculum Chapter 
of the catalog and students interested in these programs should contact the 
Program Director before finalizing their individual programs. Credit may not be 
earned for both Biology 1 and 10 or for both Biology 2 and 11. Consent of 
instructor may replace Biology 10-11 as a prerequisite for all Biology courses. 

1-2 PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY 

An investigation of biological principles, including ecological systems, form 
and function in selected representative organisms (especially man), cell 
theory, molecular biology, reproduction, inheritance, adaptation, and evolu- 
tion. The course is designed primarily for students not planning to major in 
the biological sciences. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour laboratory per 
week. 

3 FIELD BIOLOGY FOR TEACHERS 

A methods course for students preparing to teach biology. Sources and 
methods of collecting and preserving various plant and animal materials. 
Summer Term only. 

5-6 HUMAN ANATOMY— PHYSIOLOGY 

An introduction to the physics and chemistry relative to biological systems. 
Human anatomy, physiology, and developmental biology will be surveyed. 
An introduction to microbiology with emphasis given to host-pathogen 

52 



relationships and the immune response. Three hours of lecture and one three- 
hour laboratoni per week. 

10-11 INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY 

An introduction to the study of biology designed for students planning to 
major in the biological sciences. Major topics considered include the origin 
of life, cellular respiration and photosynthesis, genetics, development, 
anatomy and physiology, ecology, behavior and evolution. Three hours of 
lecture and one three-hour laboratoni per week. 

21 MICROBIOLOGY 

A study of microorganisms. Emphasis is given to the identification and 
physiology of microorganisms as well as to their role in disease, their 
economic importance and industrial applications. Three hours of lecture and tzvo 
two-hour laboratoni periods per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 

22 GENETICS 

A general consideration of the principles governing inheritance including 
treatment of classical, molecular, cytological, physiological, microbial, hu- 
man and population genetics. Three hours of lecture and tico tzco-hour laboratory 
periods per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 

23 ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY 

The mechanisms and functions of animal systems including the autonomic, 
endocrine, digestive, cardio-vascular, respiratory, renal, nervous, and 
reproductive systems. Mammalian physiology is stressed. Three hours of 
lecture and one three-hour laboratoni per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 

24 ECOLOGY 

The study of the principles of ecology with emphasis on the role of chemical, 
physical, and biological factors affecting the distribution and succession of 
plant and animal populations and communities. Included will be field studies 
of local habitats as well as laboratory experimentation. Two hours of lecture and 
one four-hour laboratoni per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 

25 PLANT SCIENCES 

A survey of the structure, development, function, classification and use of 
plants, with emphasis on flowering plants. The study will comprise four 
general topic areas: Form, including morphology and anatomy of plants in 
growth and reproduction; Function, concentrating on nutrition and 
metabolism peculiar to photosynthetic organisms; classification systems and 
plant identification; and human uses of plants. Three hours of lecture and one 
three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11 

30 COMPARATIVE ANATOMY OF VERTEBRATES 

Detailed examination of the origins, structure, and functions of the principal 
organs of vertebrates. Special attention is given to the progressive mod- 
ification of organs from lower to higher vertebrates. Three hours of lecture ami 
one four-hour laboratory per iceek. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

53 



31 HISTOLOGY 

A study of the basic body tissues and the microscopic anatomy of the organs 
and structures of the body which are formed from them. Focus is on normal 
human histology. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. 
Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

33 ECONOMIC AND SYSTEMATIC BOTANY 

Structure and classification of plants, with emphasis on those species, 
particularly food and drug plants, having significance for human affairs. 
Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: Biology 
10-11. Biology 25. Alternate years. 

34 INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY 

Comparative study of the invertebrate phyla with emphasis on phylogeny, 
physiology, morphology and ecology. Two three-hour lecture/laboratory periods 
per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

35 CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY 

Physico-chemical background of cellular function: functions of membrane 
systems and organelles; metabolic pathways; biochemical and cellular bases 
of growth; development and responses of organisms. Three hours of lecture and 
one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11, and a year of 
Chemistry. Alternate years. 

36 INTRODUCTION TO MARINE BIOLOGY AND BIOLOGICAL 
OCEANOGRAPHY 

The study of major marine habitats and the adaptations of marine organisms 
as well as the physical and chemical characteristics of oceans. This field 
oriented course is held at a major Marine Biological Station, and includes 
diving and collecting from boats. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. May term only. 

37 FIELD ORNITHOLOGY 

A field oriented course, with in-the-field discussions, demonstrations and 
exercises dealing with the systematics and identification of the birds of the 
Northern U.S., their behavior, migration, habitat selection and populations 
dynamics. Studies will stress experimental techniques used in the field, 
including banding, recording and playback methods, territorial mapping and 
population analysis. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. May term only. 

38 CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 

A rigorous introduction to Clinical Microbiology with emphasis given to 
rapid identification of human bacterial pathogens. Laboratory to include 
such diagnostic procedures as antibiotic sensitivity testing, serological 
diagnosis, anaerobic culture techniques and hemolytic reactions. Field trips 
will be taken to several clinical labs. Prerequisites: Biology 10-11, Biology 21. 
May term only. 

54 



41 VERTEBRATE EMBRYOLOGY 

A study of the development of vertebrates from fertilization to the fully 
formed fetus. Particular attention is given to the chick and human as 
representative organisms. Two three-tour lecture/laboratory periods per week. 
Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

42 ANIMAL BEHAVIOR 

A study of the causation, function, evolution, and biological significance of 
animal behaviors in their normal environment and social contexts. Three 
hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory each week. Prerequisite: Biology 10- 
11. Alternate years. 



44 BIOCHEMISTRY 

Emphasis is given to the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, 
proteins, and nucleic acids; integration of metabolism; and biochemical 
control mechanisms including allosteric control, induction, repression, as 
well as the various types of inhibitive control mechanisms. Three hours of 
lecture, one three hour laboratory and one hour of arranged work per week. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 20-21 or Chemistry 5 , or consent of instructor . Cross-listed 
as Chemistry 44. Alternate years. 

46 PLANT ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 

A study of plant physiology as a function of plant anatomy. Metabolic 
relationships and environmental factors will be examined from a background 
of the structure and development of cells, tissues, organs, and whole plants. 
Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: Biology 
10-11, Biology 25. Alternate years. 

47 IMMUNOLOGY 

The course introduces concepts concerning how pathogens cause disease 
and host defense mechanisms against infectious diseases. Characterization 
of and relationships between antigens, haptens, and antibodies are pre- 
sented. Serological assays will include: agglutination precipitations, im- 
munofluorescence, immunoelectrophoresis, and complement fixation. Oth- 
er topics are: immediate and delayed hypersensitivities (i.e. allergies such as 
hay fever and poison ivy), immunological renal diseases, im- 
munohematology (blood groups, etc.) the chemistry and function of comple- 
ment autoimmunity and organ graft rejection phenomena. Three hours of 
lecture, one three-hour laboratory and one hour of arranged work per week. 
Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

48 ENDOCRINOLOGY 

This course begins with a survey of the role of the endocrine hormones in 
the integration of body functions. This is followed by a study of the control 
of hormone synthesis and release, and a consideration of the mechanisms 
by which hormones accomplish their effects on target organs. Two three-hour 
lecture /laboratory periods per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

55 



70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Recent samples of internships in the department include ones with the 
Department of Environmental Resources, nuclear medicine or rehabilitative 
therapies at the local hospital. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Departmental Studies are experimentally oriented and may entail either lab 
or field work. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 

Examples of recent Honors Projects have involved stream analysis, gypsy 
moth research, drug synthesis and testing. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

Professor: Hollenback (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: E. King, Shareef, Weaver 

Lecturer: Larrabee 

The major is designed to train students in analytical thinking and verbal and oral 
communication, in addition to educating them in the principal disciplines of 
business. To accomplish this, ten courses are required: Business 10-11, 23, 28-29, 
38-39, 40, and 41 and Mathematics 13. Business 32, 43, or 44 may be substituted 
for Business 29, and Business 33 may be substituted for Business 39. Accounting 
10 may be substituted for Business 10 if a student's major changes. Majors also 
are urged to enroll in Economics 10, 11; Business 35 and 36; Mathematics 12 and 
15, and are encouraged to take a foreign language. The additional elective 
offerings are intended to add depth in the areas of finance, marketing, and 
management. 

10-11 MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING 

The business firm is a decision-making institution adapting to a constantly 
changing environment. Future administrators and managers are introduced 
to their stewardship responsibilities by use of accounting and statistical 
techniques as tools in planning and controlling the organization. 

23 QUANTITATIVE BUSINESS ANALYSIS 

Techniques of quantitative analysis useful in business management. Topics 
include: sampling, hypothesis testing, index numbers, analysis of time 
series, linear programming, and decision theory. Prerequisite: Math 13 or 
consent of instructor. 

28-29 MARKETING MANAGEMENT 

Planning, organization, and control of the distribution activities of the firm, 
and an analysis and evaluation of the marketing system, its institutions and 
processes. Application of marketing principles and the development of 
strategies for specific marketing problems. Product, channel flow, promotion 
and pricing strategies explored. Readings, cases, and games. 

56 



32 ADVERTISING 

Nature, scope, methods, and effects of promotion. Techniques of analysis 
and control in the use of advertising and publicity as tools in developing 
business strategy. 

33 INVESTMENTS 

Analysis of the leading types of investments available to the individul and 
the firm. Use of forecasting methods, financial reports, and financial 
indicators. Methods of buying and selling securities with a discussion of the 
agencies involved including brokerage houses and stock exchanges. 

34 INSURANCE 

Analysis of the major insurance methods of overcoming risk, including: life, 
accident, health, marine, and social insurance. Fidelity and surety bonds. 
Commercial and government plans. 

35 LEGAL PRINCIPLES I 

Lectures and analysis of cases on the nature, sources, and fundamentals of 
the law in general, and particularly as relating to contracts, agency, and 
negotiable instruments. Open only to juniors and seniors. 

36 LEGAL PRINCIPLES II 

Lectures on the fundamentals and history of the law relating to legal 
association, real property, wills, and estates. Open only to juniors and seniors. 

38-39 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 

Planning, organization, and control of the financial aspects of the firm. 
Development of financial principles and application to specific situations. 
Sources and uses of funds, costs of funds, profit determination, expansion, 
reorganization and liquidation. Prerequisite: Business 11 or Accounting 20, and 
Business 23. 

40 MANAGEMENT CONCEPTS 

Structural characteristics and functional relationships of a business organiza- 
tion as well as the problems encountered in coordinating the internal 
resources of a firm. Emphasis on administrative efficiency and procedures. 

41 BUSINESS POLICIES 

Planning, organization, and control of business operations; setting of goals; 
coordination of resources; development of policies. Analysis of strategic 
decisions encompassing all areas of a business, and the use and analysis of 
control measures. Emphasis on both the internal relationship of various 
elements of production, finance, marketing, and personnel and the rela- 
tionship of the business entity to external stimuli. Readings, cases, and 
games. Prerequisites: Business 23, 28-29, 38-39, and 40 or consent of instructor. 
Seniors only. 

57 



42 PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 

An introduction to the managerial problems of recruiting, selecting, training, 
and retraining the human resources of the firm. Emphasis is placed on the 
interrelationship of personnel policies with management objectives and 
philosophies in such areas as fringe benefits, wage and salary policies, union 
activities, and health and safety. 

43 RETAIL MANAGEMENT I 

Planning, organization, and control of the retailing firm. Competitive 
strategy development through store location, layout, administrative or- 
ganization, buying and pricing. Cases, reading, and papers. Alternate years. 

44 RETAIL MANAGEMENT II 

Inventory control, retail sales, promotion, and financial analysis of the 
enterprise. Survey of current issues and government, social, and economic 
forces of concern to the retailer. Retailing principles applied to specific 
management situations through cases, games, and reading. Prerequisite: 
Business 43 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

46 PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT 

An introduction to the production function in industry. Topics include: 
product design, plant location and layout, operational analysis, performance 
standards, line balance theory, inventory control, and the impact of 
automation through technological change. Alternate years. 

47 CREATIVE ADVERTISING 

A workshop concerned with theme, copy, and effective presentation of 
advertisements for print media, radio, and direct mail. Primarily an 
exploration of creativity through analysis of works of artists and writers with 
application to practical advertising and tailored to the interests of individual 
students. May Term. 

48 SALES SEMINAR 

The role of selling in the economy. The art of creative selling; application of 
theories from the behavioral sciences to selling through the analysis of sales 
situations and techniques. Alternate years. 

49 MANAGING THE SMALL BUSINESS 

How the potential businessman proceeds in establishing, operating, and 
profiting from a small business operation. Considered and analyzed are such 
aspects as marketing, managing, financing, promoting, insuring, establish- 
ing, developing, and staffing the small retail, wholesale service, and 
manufacturing firm. May term. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Typical examples are marketing analysis for a paper products firm, planning 
a branch store, hotel and real estate management, banking and insurance. 

58 



80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Examples of recent studies are: The economic impact of a college on a 
community; a marketing strategy for a local firm entering the consumer 
market. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 

A recent project was a study of the evolution of anti-trust legislation in the 
United States. 



CHEMISTRY 

Professor: Hummer, Radspinner 
Associate Professor: Franz (Chairman) 
Part-Time Instructor: Baggett 

A major consists of eight Chemistry courses: Chemistry 10-11, 20-21, 30-31, 32, 
and 33; Mathematics 18, 19, 20, and Astronomy and Physics 25, 26. Mathematics 
15 and 21, and French or German are highly recommended. To be certified in 
secondary education, chemistry majors must also pass two biology courses 
numbered 10 or higher. 

10 GENERAL CHEMISTRY I 

An introduction to the concepts and models of chemistry which are 
necessary for an understanding of the fabric and dynamics of the material 
world. These principles include stoichiometry, atomic and molecular struc- 
ture and properties, the states of matter, solutions, kinetics, equilibrium, 
and nomenclature. A study of the chemistry of representative elements and 
their compounds is made through the application of fundamental prin- 
ciples. The laboratory work introduces the student to methods of separa- 
tion, purification, and identification of compounds according to their 
physical properties. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, and one three-hour 
laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Placement in Chemistry 10 is determined 
in part by a student's score on the mathematics examination taken by all incoming 
Freshmen during orientation. 

11 GENERAL CHEMISTRY II 

Continuation of Chemistry 10, with emphasis on the foundations of 
analytical, inorganic, and physical chemistry. The principal unifying con- 
cepts of chemical systems are examined in both Chemistry 10 and 11. The 
laboratory treats aspects of quantitative and qualitative analysis. Three hours 
lecture, one hour discussion, and one three-hour laboratory period each week. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 10. 

15 BRIEF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

This course is designed for those non-chemistry majors who elect a single 
semester course only in organic chemistry. The material will illustrate 
principles and concepts of organic chemistry supported by that descriptive 
material which would find application for students of medical technology, 

59 



biology, nursing, forestry, education, and the humanities. Topics included 
are bonding and structure, alcanes, arenes, and their functional derivatives, 
amino acids and proteins, carbohydrates, and other naturally occurring 
compounds. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 10. Not open for credit to students who have received credit 
for Chemistry 20. 

20-21 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

A systematic study of the compounds of carbon including both aliphatic and 
aromatic series. The laboratory work introduces the student to simple 
fundamental methods of organic synthesis, isolation, and analysis. Three 
hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: 
Chemistry 11. 

26 CLINICAL ANALYSIS 

A presentation of selected wet-chemical and instrumental methods of 
quantitative analysis with an orientation toward clinical applications in 
medical technology. Topics include: general methods and calculations; 
solutions; titrations; photometric analyses (colorimetric, atomic absorption, 
flame emission); electrochemical methods (ion-selective electrodes, 
coulometry); automation. Lecture, recitation, and laboratory daily. Prerequisite: 
Chemistry 10-11, or consent of the instructor. May not be taken for credit following 
Chemistry 32. May Term only. 

30-31 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of the fundamental principles of theoretical chemistry and their 
applications. The laboratory work includes techniques in physiochemical 
measurements. Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each 
week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 11, Mathematics 20, and one year of Physics or 
consent of instructor. 

32 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of the fundamental methods of gravimetric, volumetric, and 
elementary instrumental analysis together with practice in laboratory techni- 
ques and calculations of these methods. Two hours lecture and two three-hour 
laboratori/ periods each week. Prerequisite: Cliemistry 11 or consent of instructor. 

33 ADVANCED INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

A study of modern theories of atomic and molecular structure and their 
relationship to the chemistry of selected elements and their compounds. 
Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: 
Cliemistry 30, Mathematics 20, and one year of Physics or consent of instructor. 

39 INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS 

After presenting the origin, basic concepts and formulation of Quantum 
Mechanics with emphasis on its physical meaning, the free particle, simple 
harmonic oscillator and central force problems will be investigated. Both time 
independent and time dependent perturbation theory will be covered. The 
elegant operator formalism of quantum mechanics will conclude the course. 
Four hours of lecture and recitation. Prerequisites: Mathematics 21, either Chemistry 

60 



31 or Astronomy and Physics 26, and consent of instructor. Cross-listed as 
Astronomy and Physics 48. 

40 ADVANCED ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

Selected topics, which may include mechanisms of organic reactions, 
synthesis, detailed structure and chemistry of natural products, polynuclear 
hydrocarbons, and aromatic heterocyclics. Three hours lecture. Prerequisite: 
Chemistry 22. 

41 QUALITATIVE ORGANIC ANALYSIS 

Theory and application of the systematic identification of pure organic 
compounds and mixtures. Two hours lecture and tzoo three-hour laboratory 
periods each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 21. 

43 ADVANCED ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of advanced analytical methods with emphasis on chromatographic, 
electrochemical, and spectroscopic methods of analysis. Three hours lecture 
and one four-lwur laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 31 and 32. 

44 BIOCHEMISTRY 

Emphasis is given to the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, 
proteins, and nucleic acids; integration of metabolism; and biochemical 
control mechanisms including allosteric control, induction, repression, as 
well as the various types of inhibitive control mechanisms. Prerequisite: 
Chemistry 21 or 5 or consent of instructor. Cross-listed as Biology 44. 

45 SPECTROSCOPY AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE 

Theory and practice of molecular structure determination by spectroscopic 
methods. Three hours lecture. Pre or co- requisites: Chemistry 31, 33, or consent 
of instructor. 

48 CHEMISTRY COLLOQUIUM 

A seminar in which faculty, students, and invited professional chemists 
discuss their own research activities or those of others which have appeared 
in the recent chemical literature. Prerequisite: Three semesters of non-credit 
Chemistry Colloquium taken during the junior and senior years. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

The student will ordinarily work under supervision in an industrial labora- 
tory and submit a written report on his project. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

The student will ordinarily work on a laboratory research project and will 
write a thesis on his work. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 

The student will ordinarily work on a laboratory research project with 
emphasis being on the student's showing initiative and making a scholarly 
contribution. A thesis will be written. 

61 



CRIMINAL JUSTICE 

Assistant Professor: Strauser (Coordinator) 

This major is designed to acquaint students with the American criminal justice 
system and to provide an understanding of the social, psychological, 
philosophical, and political contexts within which the system of criminal justice 
functions. Its aim is to develop students' intellectual and scientific skills in raising 
and attempting to answer important questions about the system of justice and 
its place in society. The program offers opportunity for intern experience in the 
field and prepares for careers in the areas of law enforcement, probation and 
parole, prisons, and treatment services. 

The major has two tracks. Track I prepares for careers in Law Enforcement. 
Track II prepares for careers in Corrections. 

Track I — Law Enforcement. The major consists of ten courses, distributed 
as follows: 

A. Professional courses in criminal justice (three courses) 

Introduction to the Criminal Justice System (Sociology and Anthropology 15) 
Introduction to Law Enforcement (Sociology and Anthropology 23) 
The American Prison System (Sociology and Anthropology 39) 

B. Courses in the social, psychological, philosophical, and political context of, 
the justice system (seven courses) 

Criminology (Sociology and Anthropology 30) and either Juvenile Delin- 
quency (Sociology and Anthropology 21) or Racial and Cultural Minorities 
(Sociology and Anthropology 34) (two courses) 
Abnormal Psychology (Psychology 16) (one course) 

America as a Civilization (American Studies 10). Afro- American History 
(History 28), or United States Social and Intellectual History Since 1877 
(History 43) (one course) 

Law and Society (Political Science 35) and Civil Rights and Liberties (Political 
Science 31) (two courses) 
Philosophical Issues in Criminal Justice (Philosophy 18) (one course) 

C. Internship or practicum in law enforcement. (Recommended but not 
required for the major) 

Track II — Corrections. The major consists of ten courses, distributed as 
follows: 

A. Professional courses in criminal justice (three courses) 

Introduction to the Criminal Justice System (Sociology and Anthropology 15) 
The American Prison System (Sociology and Anthropology 39) 
Introduction to Social Work (Sociology and Anthropology 42) 

B. Courses in the social, psychological, philosophical, and political context of 
the justice system (seven courses) 

Criminology (Sociology and Anthropology 30) and either Juvenile Delin- 
quency (Sociology and Anthropology 21) or Racial and Cultural Minorities 
(Sociology and Anthropology 34) (two courses) 
Abnormal Psychology (Psychology 16) (one course) 

America as a Civilization (American Studies 10). Afro-American History 
(History 28), or United States Social and Intellectual History Since 1877 
(History 43) (one course) 

62 



Law and Society (Political Science 35) and Civil Rights and Liberties (Political 

Science 31) (two courses) 

Philosophical Issues in Criminal Justice (Philosophy 18) (one course) 

C. Internship or practicum in corrections. (Recommended but not required for 
the major) Prerequisites: Mathematics 13, Psychology 21, and Psychology 39. 
These prerequisites may be waived in certain cases by the Coordinating 
Committee. 

Majors should seek advice concerning course selection from members of the 
coordinating committee and should note course prerequisites in planning their 
programs. 



ECONOMICS 

Professor: Opdahl (Chairman), Rabold 

The major has two tracks. Track I is designed for the student whose primary 
interest lies in business management; Track II is designed for students with an 
interest in graduate work, teaching, government, or non-business careers and for 
those with less well defined interests. 

Track I — Managerial Economics requires: Economics 10, 11, 32, and 41; 
Business 10-11, or Accounting 10 and 20; Business 38 and 39; plus two electives 
from the following: Economics 20, 31, 35, 37, 43 and Business 40. 

Track II — Political Economy requires: Economics 10, 11, 30, 31, 40, and five 
electives of which three must be in economics and two in political science, all 
selected with the advice and consent of the student's advisor or department 
chairman. 

In addition, the following courses are recommended: All majors — Math 13 
and Business 23; Majors planning graduate work — Math 12 and 18; Track II 
majors — Business 10-11. 




63 



2 CONSUMER ECONOMICS 

A course in "family" or "practical" economics, designed to teach students 
how they and their families can be intelligent consumers: that is, how they 
can spend, save, and borrow so as to maximize the value they receive for the 
income they have. Treats subjects such as intelligent shopping; the uses and 
abuses of credit; investing, savings; buying insurance, automobiles and 
houses; medical care costs; estates and wills; etc. Alternate years. 

10 PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY I 

Macroeconomics. Deals with problems of the economic system as a whole. 
What influences the level of national income and employment? What is 
inflation and why do we have it? What is the role of government in a modern 
capitalistic system? How does business organize to produce the goods and 
services we demand? How are the American financial and banking systems 
organized? What is the nature of American unionism? What are the elements 
of government finance and fiscal policy? 

11 PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY II 

This course focuses upon microeconomics and selected current economic 
problems. It deals with the relatively small units of the economy such as the 
firm and the family. Analyzes demand and supply. Discusses how business 
firms decide what and how much to produce and how goods and services 
are priced in different types of markets. Also considers such problems as 
economic growth, international trade, poverty, discrimination, ecology, and 
alternative economic systems. 

20 MONEY AND BANKING 

Covers business fluctuations and monetary and fiscal policy; the financial 
organization of society; the banking system; credit institutions; capital 
markets; and international financial relations. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 
11. Alternate years. 

22 ECONOMIC SYSTEMS OF THE WEST: Capitalism and Socialism 

A comparative analysis of the underlying ideologies, the basic institutions 
and the performance of selected economic systems extant in the West. 
Alternate years. 

23 SOVIET-TYPE ECONOMIES 

An analysis of the ideologies, institutions, and performance of Soviet-type 
economies, with emphasis upon Marxian theory and the economy of the 
U.S.S.R.; comparison of selected Eastern European and Chinese approaches 
to Communism. Alternate years. 

24 URBAN PROBLEMS 

The application of economic theory to the study of significant social, political, 
and economic problems associated with urbanization, including poverty, 
employment, education, crime, health, housing, land use and the environ- 
ment, transportation, and public finance. Analysis of solutions offered. 

Alternate years. 

64 



25 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS 

A study of the relationship between environmental decay and economic 
growth, with particular reference to failures of the price and property rights 
systems; application of cost/benefit analysis; measures aimed at the creation 
of an ecologically viable economy. Alternate years. 

30 INTERMEDIATE MICROECONOMICS 

An advanced analysis of contemporary theory regarding consumer demand, 
production costs and theory, profit maximization, market structures, and the 
determinants of returns to the factors of production. Prerequisite: Economics 
10 and 11. 

31 INTERMEDIATE MACROECONOMICS 

An advanced analysis of contemporary theory and practice with regard to 
business fluctuations, national income accounting, the determination of 
income and employment levels, and the use of monetary and fiscal policy. 
Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11. 

32 GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY 

An analytical survey of government's efforts to maintain competition 
through antitrust legislation; to supervise acceptable cases of private 
monopoly through public utility regulation and via means of regulatory 
commissions; and to encourage or restrain various types of private economic 
activities. Alternate years. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11, or consent of 
instructor. 

35 LABOR PROBLEMS 

The history of organized labor in the United States, including the structure 
of unions; employers' opposition to unions; the role of government in labor- 
management relations; the economic impact of unions. Alternate years. 

37 PUBLIC FINANCE 

An analysis of the fiscal economics of the public sector, including the 
development, concepts, and theories of public expenditures, taxation, and 
debt at all levels of American government. Includes also the use of fiscal 
policy as an economic control device. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11 or 
consent of instructor. 

40 HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT 

A discussion of the origins, development, and significance of the economic 
ideas embodied in the works of Smith, Marx, Schumpeter, Keynes, and 
others. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11 or consent of instructor. 

41 MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS 

The application of economic theory and methodology to the solution of 
business problems. Subjects include: optimizing techniques, risk analysis, 
demand theory, production theory, cost theory, linear programming, capital 
budgeting, market structures, and the theory of pricing. Prerequisite: Econom- 
ics 10 and 11. 

65 



43 INTERNATIONAL TRADE 

A study of the principles, theories, development, and policies concerning 
international economic relations, with particular reference to the United 
States. Subjects covered include: U.S. commercial policy and its develop- 
ment; international trade theory; tariffs and other protectionist devices; 
international monetary system and its problems; balance of payments issues. 
Alternate years. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11. 

45 DEVELOPMENT OF UNDERDEVELOPED NATIONS 

A study of the theories and problems of capital accumulation, allocation of 
resources, technological development, growth, planning techniques and 
institutions, and international relations encountered by the developing 
nations. Alternate years. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Typically off-campus in business, banking, or government, supervised by 
assigned employee of sponsoring organization. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Superior students may select independent study in various courses, particu- 
larly in preparation for graduate school. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 



EDUCATION 

Associate Professor: Keesbury (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Conrad, Studier 

Lycoming believes that the liberal arts provide the best preparation for future 
teachers, thus all education students complete a liberal arts major in addition to 
the certification requirements. Students can be certified in elementary education 
or one or more of the following secondary areas: biology, chemistry, English, 
French, general science (with biology and astronomy/physics tracks), German, 
mathematics, physics, social studies, and Spanish. All teacher education pro- 
grams are approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Education and Pennsyl- 
vania certificates are recognized in most other states either through reciprocal 
agreements or by transcript evaluation. 

Education 20 and Psychology 38 are prerequisites to all other offerings in the 
Education Department. Education 20 should be taken at least two (2) semesters 
before the Professional Semester. 

Students seeking elementary certification must complete Mathematics 7, 
Physical Education A (Elementary Games), Education 40, 41, 42, 43 as prere- 
quisites to the Professional Semester (Education 45, 47, and 48). 

Students interested in the teacher education program must register with the 
Education Department not later than the first semester of the sophomore year. 

66 



Application for the Professional Semester must be made before October 1 of the 
junior year. The Education Department will admit to the Professional Semester 
those applicants who have a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00; 
are in good academic standing; have satisfactorily completed the junior year 
participation requirements (secondary students only); have paid the student 
teaching fee; have had a satisfactory interview with a member of the faculty of 
the Education Department; and are recommended by their major department and 
the Education Department. Since major departments have different criteria for 
their recommendations, students should consult with the chairman of their major 
department about those requirements as soon as they begin to study for 
certification. 

20 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF EDUCATION 

A study of teaching as a profession with emphasis on the economic, social, 
political, and religious conditions which influence American schools and 
teachers. Consideration is given to the school environment, the curriculum, 
and the children with the intention that the students will examine more 
rationally their own motives for entering the profession. Not open to freshmen. 

32 INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA AND COMMUNICATIONS 

A study of the value, design, construction, and application of the visual and 
auditory aids to learning. Practical experience in the handling of audio- visual 
equipment and materials is provided. Application of Audio-Visual Techni- 
ques. Application of the visual and auditory aids to learning. Students will 
plan and carry out actual teaching assignments utilizing various A- V devices. 

39 PUBLIC SCHOOL CURRICULUM 

An examination of the various curricula of the public schools and their 
relationships to current practices. Special attention will be given to the 
meaning and nature of the curriculum; the desirable outcomes of the 
curriculum; conflicting and variant conceptions of curricular content; modern 
techniques of curricular construction; criteria for the evaluation of curricula; 
the curriculum as a teaching instrument. Emphasis will be placed upon the 
curriculum work within the teaching field of each individual. 

40 TEACHING LANGUAGE ARTS AND CHILDREN'S LITERATURE IN THE 
ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

A course designed to consider the principal means of communication, oral 
and written, including both practical and creative uses. Attention will be 
given to listening, speaking, written expression, linguistics and grammar, 
spelling and handwriting. Stress will be placed upon the interrelatedness of 
the language arts. Children's literature will be explored as a vehicle for 
developing creative characteristics in children and for ensuring an apprecia- 
tion of the creative writing of others. Observation and participation in the 
Greater Williamsport Area Elementary Schools. Prerequisites: Education 20 and 
Psychology 38 or consent of the instructor. 

41 TEACHING THE SOCIAL STUDIES IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

Studies and experiences to develop a basic understanding of the structure, 
concepts, and processes of anthropology, economics, geography, history, 

67 



political science, and sociology as these relate to the elementary school social 
science curriculum. Practical applications, demonstrations of methods, and 
the development of integrated teaching units using tests, reference books, 
films, and other teaching materials. Observation and participation in the 
elementary schools of the Greater Williamsport Area. Prerequisites: Education 
20 and Psychology 38 or consent of the instructor. 

42 TEACHING SCIENCE IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

Science methods and materials interpreting children's science experiences 
and guiding the development of their scientific concepts. A study of the 
science content of the curriculum, its material and use. Observation and 
participation in the elementary schools of the Greater Williamsport Area. 
Prerequisites: Education 20 and Psychology 38 or consent of the instructor. 

43 TEACHING READING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

A basic course in the philosophy and rationale for and the implementation 
of an elementary developmental reading program from kindergarten 
through sixth grade. Emphasis is upon designing a reading instructional 
program which reflects the nature of the learning process and recognizes 
principles of child development through examination of the principles, 
problems, methods and materials used in elementary reading programs. 
Observation and participation in the Greater Williamsport Area Elementary 
Schools. Prerequisites: Psychology 38, Education 20, 40, 41, and 42 or consent of 
the instructor. 

45 METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

The course emphasizes the relationship between the theoretical studies of 
physical, social, and cognitive development and the elementary classroom 
environment. Particular consideration will be given to the appropriate age 
and developmental level of the students with an emphasis upon the selection 
and utilization of methods in all the elementary subject areas including art 
and music. Specific attention will be given to the development of strategies 
for structuring lesson plans; for maintaining classroom control; and for 
overall classroom management. Direct application will be made to the 
individual student teaching experience. Prerequisites: Math 7, Education 40,41, 
42, and 43 or consent of the instructor. 

46 METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

A study of materials, methods, and techniques of teaching with emphasis on 
the student's major. Stress is placed on the selection and utilization of visual 
and auditory aids to learning. Students will teach demonstration lessons in 
the presence of the instructor and the members of the class and will observe 
superior teachers in the secondary schools of the Greater Williamsport Area. 
Prerequisites: Education 20, Psychology 38, and the Participation Experience. 

47 PROBLEMS IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN EDUCATION 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 



Seminar in the issues, problems and challenges encountered by teachers in 



68 



the American public schools, especially those related to the student teaching 
experience. 

48 PRACTICE TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Two Units. Exceeds state mandated minimum requirements. Professional 
laboratory experience under the supervision of a selected cooperating teacher 
in a public elementary school of the Greater Williamsport Area. Organized 
learning experience. Actual classroom experience.* 

49 PRACTICE TEACHING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Two Units. Exceeds state mandated minimum requirements. Professional 
laboratory experience under the supervision of a selected cooperating teacher 
in a public elementary school of the Greater Williamsport Area. Organized 
learning experience. Emphasis on actual classroom experience, responsi- 
bility in the guidance program and out-of-class activities.* 



'Practice teachers are required to follow the calendar of the school district to which they are 
assigned. 



ENGLISH 

Professor: Van Marter 

Associate Professor: Jensen, Madden, Rife (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Ford, F. Wild 

Visiting Instructor: Koehler, Stone 

A major consists of nine courses not including English 1 or English 2. These nine 
courses must include English 14, 15, 16, 17 and one writing course from the 
following: English 18, 22, 23, 24, 35 and 36. 

The four electives may include any course from English 12 and above not 
already taken to satisfy the preceding requirements. With the consent of the 
English Department, an appropriate course from the offerings of other depart- 
ments may be substituted for an English elective. 

Majors seeking secondary certification in English are required to take 
English 38 and to complete successfully in the junior or senior year an 
experience in the teaching of English composition. 

The English Department is one of six cooperating in the interdisciplinary 
program in Mass Communications, and would be an appropriate department for 
the four-course specialization required for the Communications major. The 
department also participates with seven others in the American Studies in- 
terdisciplinary major, in which American literature courses constitute an impor- 
tant part of the American arts concentration area. 

1 INDIVIDUALIZED LABORATORY INSTRUCTION IN COLLEGE READ- 
ING AND WRITING 

Vocabulary building and reading for the main idea; review of spelling and 
grammar; organizing and writing the detailed paragraph and illustrative 
expository theme. Individualized instruction through tutorial and pro- 

69 



grammed materials to ensure mastery of the student's special problems in 
writing and reading. 

One-half unit and grade of "S" will be assigned when the student has 
passed all of the mastery tests in reading and writing. For all students who 
have not been exempted from English 1 through their CLEP test scores or 
through their scores on an approved writing test taken prior to enrolling at 
Lycoming College. 

2 COMPOSITION 

Extensive practice in either report and evaluative writing or in analytic and 
argumentative writing. This may be accomplished by taking one of the 
following sequences: 

Reading and Writing about Technology and Human Life — Extensive practice 
in report and evaluative writing. Readings dealing with problems and 
issues in business, in the natural and physical sciences, and in the related 
professions. 

Reading and Writing about Humanities and Human Life — Extensive practice 
in analytic and argumentative writing. Readings dealing with problems and 
issues in the liberal arts, in law and the social sciences, and in the non- 
scientific helping professions. 

12 INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE 

An introduction to the study of literature, designed primarily for freshmen. 
Lectures and discussions focusing on the major literary genres. 

14 BRITISH LITERATURE I 

Literary forms, themes and authors from the Anglo-Saxon through the Neo- 
classical periods. Such writers as Chaucer, Spenser, Shakespeare, Milton, 
Swift, Pope, and Johnson; representative works from Beowulf to Sheridan's 
The Rivals. 



15 BRITISH LITERATURE II 

Literary movements and authors from the Romantic Period to the present. 
Particular emphasis on such writers as Blake, Wordsworth, Shelley, Mill, 
Tennyson, Browning, Rossetti, Arnold, Hardy, Yeats, Eliot. 

16 19TH CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 

Brief survey of American literature and thought before 1800, followed by 
more intensive study of the literature and thought of the period 1800-1900. 
Bryant, Cooper, Emerson, Thoreau, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville, Whitman, 
Dickinson, Twain, Howells, and others. 

17 20TH CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 

Major writers, movements, and tendencies in American literature during the 
present century. Such forces as naturalism, realism, and modernism; and 
such writers as James, Dreiser, Hemingway, Faulkner, Frost, Eliot, and 
Stevens. 

70 




18 ADVANCED COMPOSITION 

Practical training in the writing of more extended essays of the kinds written 
in English I, and other kinds of expository and argumentative prose, 
including such forms as: essays of opinion and personal essays; critical 
commentaries and reviews; synopses, reports, and research papers. 

20 THE NATURE OF FICTION 

Study of either the novel or the short story; one or the other in a given 
semester, not both in the same semester. Novel: representative novels from 
the 18th Century to the present with emphasis on the development of the 
genre. Short story: emphasis on points of view of the authors studies. 

21 THE DEVELOPMENT OF DRAMA 

Discussion of typical plays of the Eastern World emphasizing conventions 
of form and performance. Varying focus and content ranging from classical 
to modern playwrights and periods. 

22 CRITICAL WRITING 

Introduction to the various ways of thinking and writing about literature and 
film, designed for people who wish to improve their understanding and 
enjoyment of the books and poems they read and the plays and films they 
see. 



23 NEWS WRITING FOR THE PRINT MEDIA 

Analysis and practice of the basic forms of news reporting and feature 
writing. The elements of news, the lead, style and structure, and types of 
stories. Students who have taken English 24 may take only writing workshop 
sessions of this course for V2 unit. 

71 



24 NEWS WRITING FOR RADIO AND TV 

Offered in conjunction with English 23. Separate workshop sessions to 
analyze and practice the basic forms of news reporting as they apply to radio 
and TV. Students who have taken English 23 may take only workshop 
sessions of this course for l /i unit. Alternate years. 

30 SHAKESPEARE 

Study of representative plays drawn from the four sub-genres of 
Shakespeare's dramas: comedy, history, tragedy, and romance. Some 
attention to Shakespeare's life and times, but primary focus on the work 
itself. 

31 MODERN FICTION 

Study of the techniques, development, and major tendencies of modern 
fiction, from the last quarter of the 19th Century to the 1950's. Primary 
attention to representative works of such major writers as James, Conrad, 
Joyce, Lawrence, Hemingway, and Faulkner. 

32 MODERN POETRY 

Introduction to the themes and structures of 20th Century poetry. Beginning 
with Pound, Eliot, and Yeats, and moving through the century to the most 
recent accomplishments of contemporary poets. Alternate years. 

33 WOMEN AND LITERATURE 

Study of women writers alternating with study of the image of women in 
literature written by men and women. Possible focuses: major women 
writers of 19th and 20th Century British and American literature; contem- 
porary women writers; traditional images of women in literature. Alternate 
years. 

34 FILM AND LITERATURE 

Analysis of the techniques of two different forms of communication — cinema 
and novel or play — by comparing the same story in both mediums. Attention 
to both "clasic" and modern films and literature. Alternate years. 

35 FICTION WRITING 

Beginning course in the writing of short fiction. Some study of the sources 
and techniques of modern and contemporary writers, but chief focus on 
student writing. Alternate years. 

36 POETRY WRITING 

A first course in poetry writing. Attention to the "closed" and "open" formal 
traditions of current poetry. In-class emphasis on student writing. Alternate 
years. 

37 PUBLIC RELATIONS AND PUBLICITY WRITING 

Communication and publicity techniques in the field of public relations 
focused on writing for the media; some attention to speeches, letters, and 

72 



house organs. Prerequisite: English 23 or English 24 or consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

38 STRUCTURE AND HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 

Study of the historical origins of the language and a modern language theory. 
Alternate years. 

40 THE HERO IN MEDIEVAL LITERATURE 

Study of the literature of the period as it reveals a transition from the concept 
of the epic hero to that of the chivalric hero, with the attendant shifts in 
literary forms, in codes for heroic behavior, and in philosophic world view. 
Prerequisite: English 14 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

41 ROMANCE AND EPIC IN THE RENAISSANCE 

Study of major writers from Malory to Milton. Emphasis on such works as 
Le Morte D'Arthur, Don Quixote, The Faerie Queene, and Paradise Lost, with 
other selected prose and dramatic works. Prerequisite: English 14 or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

42 POETRY OF THE ROMANTIC PERIOD 

Study of the literary, philosophical, and historical significance of the 
Romantic Movement. Emphasis on the poetry of Blake, Wordsworth, 
Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, and Keats. Prerequisite: English 14 or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

43 DICKENS AND THE VICTORIAN NOVEL 

Comparison and contrast of four or five of Dickens' novels with other novels 
from the 1830's through the 1870's by such authors as Thackeray, the Brontes, 
Meredith, Trollope, and Hardy. Alternate years. 

44 THE IRISH RENAISSANCE 

Analysis of the sudden flowering of Irish literature in the early years of the 
20th Century as witnessed in the works of Yeats, Joyce, Synge, O'Casey, and 
others. Prerequisite: English 15 or 17 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 AMERICAN DRAMA FROM O'NEILL TO MILLER 

Study of the development of the first significant American drama in the 
decades following World War I, especially the experimental drama of the 
1920's and the social drama of the 1930's. O'Neill, Anderson, Rice, Behrman, 
Saroyan, Wilder, Odets, Hellman, and others. Prerequisite: English 17 or 21 
or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

46 THE AMERICAN RENAISSANCE 

Concentrated study of the American poets and novelists who revolutionized 
literary form and idea at the middle of the 19th Century. One or two writers 

73 



from each of the following two groups: Emerson, Thoreau, and Whitman; 
Poe, Hawthorne, and Melville. Prerequisite: English 16 or consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

47 AMERICAN NOVELISTS AND POETS OF THE JAZZ AGE AND 
DEPRESSION 

Concentrated study of two or three major writers in the social context of this 
period in modern American literature. Such combinations as 
Hemingway/Fitzgerald/Eliot and Faulkner/Frost are likely. Prerequisite: Eng- 
lish 17 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

48 CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE 

Consideration of representative British, American, and some continental 
works, primarily fiction, written after World War II by such writers as Barth, 
Bellow, Updike, Burgess, Murdoch, Fowles, and Nabokov. Alternate years. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns typically work off campus in a profession related to their career 
interest such as law, public relations, journalism and others. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Recent studies include Chaucer, D. H. Lawrence, The Creative Process in 
Literature and Art, the Arthurian Legend, and Existentialism in Literature. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 

Recent projects were Communication Models and the Feedback Principle, 
and Images of Women in the 1890's. 




FOREIGN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES 

Associate Professor: Flam, Maples, MacKenzie (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Toscano 

Study of foreign languages and literatures offers opportunity to explore broadly 
the varieties of human experience and thought. It contributes both to personal 
and to international understanding by providing competence in a foreign 
language and a critical acquaintance with the literature and culture of foreign 
peoples. A major can serve as entree to careers in business, industry, govern- 
ment, publishing, education, journalism, social agencies, translating, and 
writing. It prepares for graduate work in literature or linguistics and the 
international fields of politics, commerce, law, health, and area studies. 

FRENCH, GERMAN and SPANISH are offered as major fields of study. The 
major consists of at least eight courses numbered 10 or above. Majors seeking 
teacher certification and students planning to enter graduate school are advised 
to begin study of a second foreign language. The department encourages the 
development in breadth of programs including allied courses from related fields 
or a second major, and also individual or established interdisciplinary majors 
combining interest in several literatures or area or cross-cultural studies, for 
example: International Studies, 20th Century Studies, the Major in Literature, 
Majors, teacher certification candidates, and in fact all college students are 
encouraged to spend at least a semester of study abroad by applying to one of 
the many programs available. The department maintains a file of such programs. 

Courses taught in English: Foreign Languages and Literature 25, French 28, 
and Spanish 28. 

FOREIGN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES 

25 CONTINENTAL LITERATURE 

A study of such major continental authors as Cervantes, Dostoevsky, 
Chekhov, Dante, Ibsen, Proust, Gide, Kafka, Hesse, Goethe, Sartre, Camus, 
Brecht, and Ionesco. Works read in English translation will vary and be 
organized around a different theme or topic; recent topics have been 
existentialism, modernism, and drama. Prerequisite: None. May be repeated for 
credit with consent of instructor. May be accepted toward the English major with 
consent of the English Department. 

38 FOREIGN LANGUAGE: SYSTEMS AND PROCESS 

Study of basic linguistic concepts as a tool for language learning and 
teaching. Discussion and application of language teaching techniques, 
including work in the language laboratory. Designed for future teachers of 
one or more languages and normally taken in the Junior year. Students 
should arrange through the Education Department to fulfill in the same 
semester the requirements of a participation experience in area schools. 
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 

FRENCH 

A major consists of at least eight courses numbered 10 or above, including at least 
one numbered 40 or above. Foreign Languages and Literatures 25 and 38 may be 
included in the major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 23, 31, 

75 



Foreign Languages and Literatures 38, and at least two courses numbered 40 or 
above. A language proficiency test is required of these students during their 
senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

The aim of the course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with 
a view to using them. Regular practice in speaking, understanding, and 
reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of the fundamentals of the language for immediate 
use in speaking, understanding, and reading with a view to building 
confidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: French 2 or equivalent. 

20 CONVERSATION 

Designed to develop conversational fluency and comprehension through 
small group discussions focusing on topics from readings in modern French 
culture, such as French social attitudes and French-American cultural 
differences. Some attention to grammar and writing. Prerequisite: French 11 
or equivalent. 

23 INTRODUCTION TO LITERARY STUDIES 

Studies in French literature, with emphasis on critical reading and interpreta- 
tion. Discussions, lectures, oral exposes, papers. Prerequisite: French 20 or 
equivalent. 

28 MODERN FRANCE 

A course designed to familiarize students with political and social structures 
and cultural attitudes in contemporary French society. Materials studied may 
include such documents as newspaper articles, interviews, and sociological 
surveys, and readings in history, religion, anthropology and the arts. Some 
attention to the changing education system and the family and to events and 
ideas which have shaped French society. May include some comparative 
study of France and the United States. 

English Section: Not applicable toward satisfying the Foreign Language 
distribution requirement. Prerequisite: None. 

French Section: Offers readings, papers, and interviews in French for 
students with sufficient language skill. Can be applied toward the Foreign 
Language distribution requirement. Prerequisite: French 10 or equivalent 
competency as determined b\) the department. 

31 FRENCH GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of phonetics and grammatical rules and their practical application in 
speaking and writing. Recommended for all majors. 

41 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE MIDDLE AGES AND THE RENAISSANCE 

A study of selected works from La Chanson de Roland to Montaigne. 
Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

76 



43 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 17TH CENTURY 

A study of major texts of the period: preciosite, the origins and theories of 
French classicism, Corneille, Pascal, Descartes. Classical tragedy and com- 
edy: Racine, Moliere. LaFontaine, Mme de La Fayette, La Bruyere. Prere- 
quisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 18TH CENTURY 

The literary expression of ideas: Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, and the 
Encyclopedists. Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

47 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 19TH CENTURY 

The dimensions of the Romantic sensibility: Musset, Hugo, Vigny, Balzac, 
Stendhal. Realism and Naturalism in the novels of Haubert and Zola. 
Reaction in the poetry of Baudelaire, Rimbaud, Verlaine, and Mallarme. 
Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

48 MODERN FRENCH THEATRE 

Major trends in French drama from the turn of the century to Existentialism 
and the Theatre of the Absurd. Giraudoux, Anouilh, Sartre, Camus, Beckett, 
Ionesco, Genet, Adamov, and others. Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

49 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

Representative poets and novelists of modern France. Readings selected 
from the works of authors such as Proust, Gide, Aragon, Giono, Mauriac, 
Celine, Malraux, Saint-Exupery, Camus, the "new novelists" (Robbe- 
Grillet, Butor, Sarraute, LeClezio), and the poetry of Apollinaire, Valery, the 
Surrealists (Breton, Reverdy, Eluard, Char), Saint-John Perse, Supervielle, 
Prevert, and others. Some attention to works of French-speaking African 
writers. Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Examples of recent studies in French include translation, existentialism, the 
classical period, enlightenment literature, and Saint-Exupery. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 



GERMAN 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above. Foreign Languages and 
Literatures 38 and one unit of Foreign Languages and Literatures 25 may be 
included in the major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 31, 33, 34, 
and Foreign Languages and Literatures 38. A language proficiency test is required 
of these students during their senior year. 

77 



1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to 
using them. Regular practice in speaking, understanding and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use 
in speaking, understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence 
in self-expression. Prerequisite: German 2 or equivalent. 

20 CONVERSATION 

Designed to develop aural comprehension and conversational fluency. 
Readings and discussions on topics of contemporary society in Germany, 
Switzerland, and Austria. Some attention to grammar and writing. Prere- 
quisite: German 11 or equivalent. 

31 GERMAN GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of intonation, complex grammatical rules and their practical applica- 
tion, stylistics, and a brief survey of the development of the language. 

Recommended for all majors. 

33 SURVEY OF GERMAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION I 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of German 
Literature, representative authors, and major cultural developments in 
Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. The course deals with literature from 
the Early Middle Ages through the 18th Century. Prerequisite: German 20 or 
consent of instructor. 

34 SURVEY OF GERMAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION II 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of German 
literature, representative authors, and major cultural developments in 
Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. The course deals with the literature 
from the 19th Century to the present. Prerequisite: German 20 or consent of 
instructor. 

40 GOETHE 

A study of the life and works of Goethe. Goethe's significance in the Classical 
period and later. Readings in the major works. Prerequisite: German 33 or 34 
or consent of instructor. 

41 CLASSICAL GERMAN DRAMA 

The development of das klassische Drama with emphasis on works of Lessing, 

Goethe, and Schiller. Prerequisite: German 20. 

i 

42 MODERN GERMAN DRAMA 

The emergence of modern Drama commencing with Buchner and leading to 
Brecht. Prerequisite: German 20. 

78 



43 THE NOVELLE 

The German Novelle as a genre relating to various literary periods. 
Prerequisite: German 20. 

45 GERMAN POETRY 

A study of selected poets or the poetry of various literary periods. Prerequisite: 
German 33 or 34 or consent of instructor. 

47 MODERN GERMAN LITERATURE 

A study of the major movements and writers from Naturalism, Ex- 
pressionism, and the postwar period. Hauptmann, Rilke, Mann, Hesse, 
Kaiser, and others. Prerequisite: German 33 or 34 or consent of instructor. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Examples of recent studies in German include Classicism, Germanic 
Mythology, Hermann Hesse, the dramas of Frisch and Durrenmatt. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 




79 



GREEK 

Greek is not offered as a major. 

1-2 NEW TESTAMENT GRAMMAR AND READINGS 

Fundamentals of New Testament Greek grammar and readings of selected 
passages of the Greek text. Alternate years. 

11 THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO ST. MARK 

A critical reading of the Greek text with special attention to exegetical 
questions. Alternate years. 

12 THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS 

A critical reading of the Greek text with special attention being given to the 
theology of St. Paul. Alternate years. 



HEBREW 

Hebrew is not offered as a major. 

1-2 OLD TESTAMENT GRAMMAR AND READINGS 

Fundamentals of Old Testament Hebrew grammar and readings of selected 
passages of the Hebrew text. Alternate years. 

11-12 INTERMEDIATE OLD TESTAMENT HEBREW 

A critical reading of the Greek text with special attention being given to the 
to exegetical questions. The text read varies from year to year. Alternate years. 



RUSSIAN 

Russian is not offered as a major. Russian 1, 2, 10, 11 are offered occasionally upon 
sufficient demand. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY I and II 

The aim of the course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with 
a view to using them. Regular practice in speaking, understanding and 
reading. 

10 INTERMEDIATE I 

Review and development of the fundamentals of the language for immediate 
use in speaking, understanding and reading with a view to building 
confidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: Russian 2 or equivalent. 

11 INTERMEDIATE II 

Intensive reading of selected short stories or other works: outside reading, 
oral and written reports on everyday topics. Prerequisite: Russian 10 or 
equivalent. 

80 



SPANISH 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above, including at least one 
numbered 40 or above. Foreign Languages and Literatures 38 may be included. 
Normally, Foreign Languages and Literatures 25 does not count toward the 
major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass Foreign Languages 
and Literatures 38, Spanish 31, and one from 33, 34, or 35. A language proficiency 
test is required of these students during their senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to 
using them. Regular practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use 
in speaking, understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence 
in self-expression. Prerequisite: Spanish 2 or equivalent. 

20 ADVANCED 

The purpose of this course is to improve the student's ability in spontaneous 
conversations, focusing on everyday activities and matters of current concern 
as suggested in readings from Latin American and peninsular sources. 
Vocabulary building is stressed. Prerequisite: Spanish 11 or equivalent. 

28 CONTEMPORARY HISPANIC LIFE 

To introduce students to the Spanish people — their values, customs, and 
institutions, with reference to the major socio-economic, political, and artistic 
forces governing present-day Spain. Readings will include selections from 
periodical literature as well as historical and literary texts. Lectures in 
English. 

English Section: Not applicable toward satisfying the Foreign Language 
Distribution requirement. Prerequisite: None. 

Spanish Section: Students with sufficient language skill wishing to take 
this course for credit towards the Foreign Language distribution requirement 
will be given special readings and other assignments in Spanish. Prerequisite: 
Spanish 11 or equivalent competency as determined by the department . 

31 SPANISH GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of intonation, complex grammatical rules and their practical applica- 
tion, and a brief survey of the development of the language. Recommended for 
all majors. 

33 SURVEY OF SPANISH LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION I 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish 
literature, representative authors, and major socio-economic developments. 
The course deals with the literature from the beginning through the 17th 
Century. Open to students majoring in other departments after consultation with 
instructor. Alternate years. 

81 



34 SURVEY OF SPANISH LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION II 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish 
literature, representative authors, and major socio-economic developments. 
The course deals with the literature from the 18th Century to the present. 
Open to students majoring in other departments after consultation with the 
instructor. Alternate years. 

35 SURVEY OF SPANISH AMERICAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish- 
American literature, representative authors, and major socio-economic 
developments. The course deals with the literature, especially the essay and 
poetry, from 16th Century to present. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

44 SPANISH LITERATURE OF THE GOLDEN AGE 

A study of representative works and principal literary figures in the poetry, 
prose, and drama of the 16th and 17th Centuries, from Fernando de Rojas 
to Calderon. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

47 19TH CENTURY NOVEL 

Regionalism, realism, and naturalism in prose fiction, with emphasis on the 
works of Galdos. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

48 THE GENERATION OF '98 

Principal literary figures of the early 20th Century: Unamuno, Azorin, Valle 
Inclan, Baroja, Benavente, Machado, Jimenez, etc. Prerequisite: Consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

49 SPANISH AMERICAN NOVEL 

Twentieth Century novelists from Azuela to Garcia Marquez. Prerequisite: 
Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Recent studies include literary, linguistic, and cultural topics, and themes 
such as urban problems as reflected in the modern novel. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 



HISTORY 

Associate Professor: Larson (Chairman), Piper 
Assistant Professor: Morris 

A major consists of ten courses, including 10, 11 and 45. At least seven courses 
must be taken in the department. The following courses may be counted toward 
fulfilling the major requirements: American Studies 10, Political Science 39, 

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Religion 28 and 46. Other appropriate courses outside the department may be 
counted upon departmental approval. For History majors who student teach in 
history, the major consists of nine courses. In addition to the courses listed below, 
special courses, independent study and honors are available. Special courses 
recently taught and anticipated include a biographical study of European 
Monarchs, the European Left, the Industrialization and Urbanization of Modern 
Europe, Utopian Movements in America, the Peace Movement in America, The 
Vietnam War, and American Legal History. History majors are encouraged to 
participate in the internship program. 

10 EUROPE 1500-1815 

An examination of the political, social, cultural and intellectual history of 
Europe and its relations with other areas of the world from 1500 to 1815. 

11 EUROPE 1815-Present 

An examination of the political, social, cultural, and intellectual history of 
Europe and its relations with other areas of the world from 1815 to the 
present. 

12 UNITED STATES HISTORY 1603-1877 

A study of the men, measures, and movements which have been significant 
in the development of the United States between 1603 and 1877. Attention 
is paid to the problems of minority groups as well as to majority and national 
influences. 




83 



13 UNITED STATES HISTORY 1877-present 

A study of the men, measures, and movements which have been significant 
in the development of the United States since 1877. Attention is paid to the 
problems of minority groups as well as to majority and national influences. 

20 ANCIENT HISTORY 

A study of the ancient western world, including the foundations of the 
western tradition in Greece, the emergence and expansion of the Roman 
state, its experience as a Republic, and its transformation into the Empire. 
The course will focus on the social and intellectual life of Greece and Rome 
as well as political and economic changes. Alternate years. 

22 MEDIEVAL EUROPE AND ITS NEIGHBORS 

The history of Europe from the dissolution of the Roman Empire to the mid- 
fifteenth century. The course will deal with the growing estrangement of 
western Catholic Europe from the Byzantium and Islam, culminating in the 
Crusades; the rise of the Islamic Empire and its later fragmentation; the 
development and growth of feudalism; the conflict of empire and papacy, 
and the rise of towns. Alternate years. 

23 20TH CENTURY EUROPE TO 1929 

An intensive study of various aspects of the political, economic, social, and 
intellectual history of Europe from 1900 to 1929. Topics include the 
irrationalist movement, the causes of imperialism, the origins of the First 
World War, the Russian Revolution and establishment of the Soviet Regime, 
and the attempts at peacemaking after 1918. Prerequisite: History 11 or consent 
of instructor. Alternate years. 

24 20TH CENTURY EUROPE SINCE 1929 

An intensive study of various aspects of the political, economic, social, and 
intellectual history of Europe from 1929 to the present. Topics include the 
nature of fascism, development of Stalinist Russia, outbreak of World War 
II, origins of the Cold War, and the economic reconstruction and integration 
of Western Europe since 1945. Prerequisite: History 11 or consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

25 FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON 

An analysis of the political, social, and intellectual background of the French 
Revolution, a survey of the course of revolutionary development, and an 
estimate of the results of the Napoleonic conquests and administration. 

Prerequisite: History 10 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

26 COLONIAL AMERICA AND THE REVOLUTIONARY ERA 

The establishment of British settlements on the American continent, their 
history as colonies, the causes and events of the American Revolution, the 
critical period following independence, and proposal and adoption of the 
United States Constitution. Alternate years. 

84 



27 20TH CENTURY UNITED STATES 

This course begins with the Progressive Era and includes the political, 
economic, and social developments in the 20th Century. Emphasis will be 
placed on the domestic and international demands which have faced the 
United States in the period following World War II. 

28 AFRO-AMERICAN HISTORY 

A study of the experiences and participation of Afro- Americans in the United 
States. The course includes historical experiences such as slavery, abolition, 
reconstruction, and urbanization. It also raises the issue of the development 
and growth of white racism, and the effect of this racism on contemporary 
Afro- American social, intellectual and political life. Alternate years. 

29 LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY 

An examination of the native civilization, the age of discovery and conquest, 
Spanish colonial policy, the independence movements, and the develop- 
ment of modern institutions and governments in Latin America. Alternate 
years. 

31 HISTORY OF RUSSIA 

A survey of Russian history emphasizing the rise of Mosco vy and the reasons 
for the failure of the Tzarist regime to overcome successfully the challenge 
of the modern world. Prerequisite: History 11 or consent of instructor. Alternate 
years. 

32 HISTORY OF THE SOVIET UNION 

An intensive study of the political, economic, and social history of the Soviet 
Union emphasizing the reasons for the Bolshevik victory, 1917-21, the origins 
and nature of the Stalinist regime, Soviet industrialization, and the develop- 
ment of post-Stalinist Russia. Prerequisite: History 11 or consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

33 CONFLICT IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION 

An in-depth study of the changing nature of war and its relationship to the 
development of Western Civilization since the end of the Middle Ages. 
Particular emphasis will be placed on the role of war in the development of 
the modern nation state and the origins and nature of total war. Alternate 
years. 

34 DIPLOMATIC HISTORY OF EUROPE SINCE 1789 

A survey of the development of the European states system and the relations 
between the European states since the beginning of the French Revolution. 

Prerequisite: History 11 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

35 THE CRISIS OF LIBERALISM AND NATIONALISM, EUROPE 1848-1870 

An in-depth investigation of the crucial "Middle Years" of Nineteenth 
Century Europe from the revolutions of 1848 through the unification of 
Germany. The course centers on the struggles for power within the major 

85 



states of Europe at this time and how the vehicle of nationalism was used 
to bring about one type of solution. Alternate years. 

37 AGE OF JEFFERSON AND JACKSON 

The theme of the course is the emergence of the political and social 
characteristics that shaped modern America. The personalities of Thomas 
Jefferson, John Marshall, John Randolph, Aaron Burr, and Andrew Jackson 
receive special attention. Special consideration is given to the first and second 
party systems, the decline in community cohesiveness, the westward 
movement, and the growing importance of the family as a unit of social 
organization. Alternate years. 

38 CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION 

The problems and events leading to war, the political and military history of 
the war, and the bitter aftermath to the Compromise of 1877. 

39 20TH CENTURY UNITED STATES RELIGION 

The study of historical and cultural developments in American society which 
relates to religion or is commonly called religion. This involves consideration 
of the institutional and intellectual development of several faith groups as 
well as discussion of certain problems, such as the persistence of religious 
bigotry and the changing modes of Church-State relationships. Alternate 
years. 

40 HISTORY OF RENAISSANCE THOUGHT 

A study of the classical, humanist, and scholastic elements involved in the 
development of the Renaissance outlook views, and values, both in Italy and 
in Northern Europe. The various combinations of social and political 
circumstances which constitute the historical context of these intellectual 
developments will be noted. Alternate years. 

41 HISTORY OF REFORMATION THOUGHT 

A study of the ideas and systems of ideas propounded prior to the 
Reformation but which are historically related to its inception and of the ideas 
and systems of ideas involved in the formation of the major Reformation, 
Protestant traditions and in the Catholic Reformation. Included are the ideas 
of the humanists of the Reformation Era. Alternate years. 

42 UNITED STATES SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL HISTORY TO 1877 

A study of the social and intellectual experience of the United States from 
its colonial antecedents through reconstruction. Among the topics con- 
sidered are Puritanism, Transcendentalism, Community Life and Organiza- 
tion, Education and Social Reform Movements. Prerequisite: 2 courses from 
History 12, 13, 28 or consent of instructor. 

43 UNITED STATES SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL HISTORY SINCE 1877 

A study of the social and intellectual experience of the United States from 
reconstruction to the present day. Among the topics considered are Social 
Darwinism, Pragmatism, Community Life and Organization, Education and 

86 



Social Reform Movements. Prerequisite: 2 courses from History 12, 13, 28 or 
consent of instructor. 

45 HISTORICAL METHODS 

This course focuses on the nature and meaning of history. It will open to the 
student different historical approaches and will provide the opportunity to 
explore these approaches in terms of particular topics and periods. Majors 
are required to enroll in this course in either their Junior or Senior year. The 
course is open to other students who have two courses in history or consent 
of the instructor. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Typically, history interns work for local government agencies engaged in 
historical projects or in the County Historical Museum. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Recent topics include studies of the immigration of American blacks, political 
dissension in the Weimer Republic, Indian relations before the American 
Revolution and the history of Lycoming County. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 

Two recent projects were the Germans in Pennsylvania Politics, 1878-1938 
and the Reign of Tiglath Pileser I (1116-1075B.C). 



INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 

Associate Professor: Larson (Coordinator) 

This major in International Studies is designed to integrate an understanding of 
the changing social, political, and historical environment of Europe today with 
study of Europe in its relations to the rest of the world, particularly the United 
States. It stresses the international relations of the North Atlantic Community and 
offers the student opportunity to emphasize either European studies or interna- 
tional relations. The program provides multiple perspectives on the cultural traits 
that shape popular attitudes and institutions. Study of a single country is 
included as a data-base for comparisons, and study of its language as a basis for 
direct communication with its people. 

The program is intended to prepare a student either for graduate study or 
for careers which have an international component. International obligations are 
increasingly assumed by governmental agencies and a wide range of business, 
social, religious, and educational organizations. Opportunities are found in the 
fields of journalism, publishing, communications, trade, banking, advertising, 
management, and tourism. The program also offers flexible career preparation in 
a variety of essential skills, such as research, data analysis, report writing, 
language skills, and the awareness necessary for dealing with people and 
institutions of another culture. Preparation for related careers can be obtained 
through the guided selection of courses outside the major in the areas of Business, 
Economics, Foreign Languages and Literatures. Government, History, and 

87 



International Relations; or through a second major. Students should design their 
programs in consultation with members of the committee on International 
Studies. 

By completing 6-8 additional courses in the social sciences (which include 
those courses needed to complete a major in Economics, History, Political, 
Science or Sociology/Anthropology) and the required program in Education, 
students can be certified for the teacher education program in Social Studies. By 
completing a major in the foreign language (5 or more courses) and the Education 
program, students can be certified to teach that language. The International 
Studies program also encourages participation in study abroad programs, as well 
as the Washington International Semester, and the United Nations Semester. 

The major includes eleven courses selected as follows: 
International Relations Courses — Four or two courses (if two, then four must be 
taken from Area Courses). Courses within this group are designed to provide a 
basic understanding of the international system and of Europe's relations with 
the rest of the world. Political Science 25 is required. 

Political Science 25 World Politics 

Economics 43 International Trade 

History 34 European Diplomatic History 

Political Science 39 American Foreign Policy 

Area Courses — Four or two courses (if two, then four must be taken from 
International Relations Courses). Courses within this group are designed to 
provide a basic understanding of the European political, social, and economic 
environment. History 11 and Economics 22 are required. 

History 11 Europe 1815-Present 

Economics 22 Economic Systems of the West 

Political Science 20 European Politics 

History 23 20th Century Europe to 1929 

History 24 20th Century Europe Since 1929 

National Courses 

Language — Two courses in one language. 

French 20, plus one course numbered 23 or above (except 28) 
German 20, plus one course numbered 31 or above 
Spanish 20, plus one course numbered 31 or above 

Country — One course. The student must select, according to his or her 
language preparation, one European country which will serve as a special interest 
area throughout the program. The country selected will serve as the base for 
individual projects in the major courses, wherever possible. 

France — French 28 Modern France 

Germany — History 80 Topics in German History 

Spain — Spanish 28 Contemporary Hispanic Life 

Elective Course — One course which should involve further study of some aspect 
of the program. Appropriate courses are any Area or International Relations 
Courses not yet taken: History 10, 32, 33; Economics 23, 45; Political Science 26, 
27, 38, 46; related foreign literature courses counting toward the Fine Arts 
requirement, and internships. 

49 SENIOR SEMINAR 

A one-semester seminar, taken in the senior year, in which students and 



several faculty members will pursue an integrative topic in the field of 
International Studies. Students will work to some extent independently. 
Guest speakers will be invited. The seminar will be open to qualified persons 
from outside the major and the college. Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. 



LITERATURE 

Associate Professor: Maples (Coordinator) 

This major recognizes literature as a distinct discipline beyond national bound- 
aries and combines the study of any two literatures in the areas of English, French, 
German and Spanish. Students can thus explore two literatures widely and 
intensively at the upper levels of course offerings within each of the respective 
departments while developing and applying skills in foreign languages. The 
major prepares students for graduate study in either of the two literatures studied 
or in Comparative Literature. 

The major requires at least six literature courses, equally divided between the 
two literatures concerned. The six must be at the advanced level as determined 
in consultation with advisors (normally courses numbered 20 and above in 
English and 40 and above in Foreign Languages). In general, two of the advanced 
courses in each literature should be period courses. The third course, taken either 
as a regular course or as independent study, may have as its subject another 
period, a particular author, genre, or literary theme, or some other unifying 
approach or idea. Beyond these six, the major must include at least two additional 
courses from among those counting toward a major in the departments involved. 
Any prerequisite courses in the respective departments (for example, English 14, 
15, 16, 17, French 23, German 33, 34) should be taken during the Freshman and 
Sophomore years. Students should design their programs in consultation with 
a faculty member from each of the literatures concerned. Programs for the major 
must be approved by the departments involved. 



MASS COMMUNICATIONS 

Associate Professor: Madden (Coordinator) 

The major in Mass Communications offers a liberal arts background and a 
professional sequence through a combination of courses from the departments 
of Art, Business Administration, English, Political Science, Sociology-An- 
thropology and the Broadcasting and Graphic Arts departments of the Williams- 
port Area Community College. The program assures a broadly based academic 
foundation with special competency in a selected concentration, plus career 
orientation in a specific area. 

Students must: 
1. Successfully complete one of the following sequences: 

Advertising 

Advertising Design-Photography 

Broadcast Journalism 

Newspaper 

Public Relations 

89 



2. Take a concentration of at least four courses related to the student's program 
in a single department of the college, in consultation with the chairman of 
that department. If the student concentrates in a department represented in 
the sequence chosen, the student must take at least three courses which are 
not included in that sequence. 

3. Successully complete an internship or independent study related to the 
sequence chosen. 

Advertising Sequence: 

Comm. 10 Introduction to Mass Communications 

Bus. 28-29 Marketing Management 

Bus. 32 Advertising 

Bus. 47 Creative Advertising 

P.S. 48 Public Opinion and Polling or 

Soc. 47 Research Methods 

GCO 511 Layout and Design 

GCO 512 Typographic Composition 

Choose two courses from the following with consent of advisor: 

Art 11, Art 27, Eng. 18 or 22, Eng. 35 or Eng. 36, Eng. 34 or Theatre 11. 

Advertising Design-Photography Sequence: 

Comm. 10 Introduction to Mass Communications 

Art 11 Drawing 

Art 15 Two-dimensional Design 

Art 12 Color Theory 

Art 27 Photography 

Bus. 32 Advertising Principles 

GCO 511 Layout and Design 

GCO 512 Typographic Composition 

GCO 521 Process Camera 

Choose two courses from the following with consent of advisor: 

Art 18, Art 37, Art 21, Bus. 47, Eng. 35 or Eng. 36, Eng. 34 or Theatre 11. 

Broadcast Journalism Sequence: 

Comm. 10 Introduction to Mass Communications 

Eng. 24 News Writing for Radio and TV 

P.S. 34 Political News Writing 

P.S. 48 Public Opinion and Polling 

Thea. 1 Principles of Oral Communication 

BRC 242 Station Management and Community Responsibility 

BRC 112 Basic Electronics and FCC Licensing 

Choose two courses from the following with consent of advisor: 
Art 27, P.S. 11, P.S. 32, Psych. 24, Soc. 34, Eng. 34 or Theatre 11. 

Newspaper Sequence: 

Comm. 10 Introduction to Mass Communications 

Eng. 23 News Writing for the Print Media 

P.S. 34 Political News Writing 

P.S. 11 State and Local Government 

P.S. 48 Public Opinion and Polling 

Art 27 Photography 

GCO 512 Typographic Composition 

90 



Choose two courses from the following with consent of advisor: 

Art 37, Eng. 18 or Eng. 22, Eng. 24, P.S. 32, Psych. 24, Soc. 34, Eng. 34 

or Theatre 11. 

Public Relations Sequence: 

Comm. 10 Introduction to Mass Communications 

Eng. 23 News Writing for the Print Media 

Eng. 37 Public Relations and Publicity 

Bus. 28-29 Marketing Management 

P.S. 48 Public Opinion and Polling or 

Soc. 47 Research Methods 

Art 27 Photography 

Choose two courses from the following with consent of advisor: 

Art 37, Bus. 32, Eng. 18 or Eng. 22, Eng. 24, Psych. 24, Eng. 34 or Thea. 11. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO MASS COMMUNICATIONS 

Part I: Theories of the process of mass communications and introduction to 
the mass media; attention will be given to problems of censorship and 
media ethics. Part 2: Analysis of the mass media's impact on society; 
emphasis will be placed on the social, psychological and political implica- 
tions of the media's shaping influence on man and institutions. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns usually work off campus in a field related to their communications 
sequence; some may work with the student newspaper or radio station. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Studies involve research related to the communications sequence of the 
student. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 

Through special arrangement, the following courses offered at the Williamsport 
Area Community College are available to students in the Mass Communications 
major only. The WACC courses are taken as part of the student's semester 
schedule and are listed with Lycoming offerings during registration periods. 



GRAPHIC ARTS 

511 LAYOUT AND DESIGN 

Analysis of materials, tools, and techniques used in preparation of copy for 
reproduction; Paste-up and color separation overlays. 4 Cr. 

512 TYPOGRAPHIC COMPOSITION 

Fundamentals of typesetting. Theory and practice in the care and use of 
composing machines, both hot and cold (mechanical) and cold (photo). 
4 Cr. 

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521 PROCESS CAMERA 

Concepts and techniques of darkroom procedure for reproduction of line 
and halftone copy on process camera. 4 Cr. 

BROADCASTING 

112 BASIC ELECTRONICS AND FCC LICENSING 

Fundamental mechanics of operation of tape recorders, turntables, 
network facilities and multispeaker systems; mechanics necessary to 
obtain FCC licensing; field visits to at least five different stations. 3 Cr. 

242 STATION MANAGEMENT AND COMMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY 

Study of problems related to serving community needs while making a 
profit; ratio of advertising to program time; character of station; meeting 
community responsibility through community interest programs; respon- 
sible use of editorial privilege. 3 Cr. 



MATHEMATICS 

Associate Professor: Getchell, Hubbard (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Foreman, Henninger 

Instructor: Troxel 

Visiting Instructor: Murphy 

Part-time Instructor: Somers 

A major consists of ten courses numbered 10 or above: Mathematics 18, 19, 20, 
24, 34, 42 and three other courses numbered above 20 must be included. 
Students seeking secondary certification in mathematics are required to com- 
plete Mathematics 30 and 36 and are advised to enroll in Philosophy 17. In 
addition, all majors are advised to elect Mathematics 15, Philosophy 20 and 33, 
and Physics 25 and 26. In addition to the courses listed below, special courses 
are occasionally available — recent topics include: Graph Theory, Number Theo- 
ry, Discrete Probability, Data Structures, Computer Graphics, Operations 
Research, and Finite Differences. 

1 CONTINUOUS MODELS 

A survey of the central ideas of the infinitesimal calculus, its historical 
development, and some of its modern applications. Students with credit for 
Mathematics 9 or 18 may not receive credit for this course. One-half unit of credit. 

2 COMPUTERS IN SOCIETY 

A study of the role of digital computers in society today with primary 
emphasis on what can be done, rather than how to do it. The main goal of 
the course is to make the student aware of the growing influence which 
digital computers are likely to have on society in the near future. Students 
with credit for Mathematics 15 may not receive credit for this course. One-half unit 
of credit. 

5 INDIVIDUALIZED LABORATORY INSTRUCTION IN BASIC ALGEBRA 
A self- paced study of arithme'tic and decimal numerals, fractions, the real 
92 



number line, factoring, solutions to linear and quadratic equations, graphs 
of linear and quadratic functions, expressions with rational exponents, 
algebraic functions, exponential functions, and inequalities. THIS COURSE 
IS LIMITED TO STUDENTS PLACED THEREIN BY THE MATHEMATICS 
DEPARTMENT. One-half unit of credit. 

7 MODERN ELEMENTARY GEOMETRY AND NUMBER THEORY 

This course is intended for prospective elementary school teachers and is 
required of all those seeking elementary certification. Topics include the 
development of the real number system and its larger subsystems, computa- 
tional algorithms, axiomatic systems, measurement, shape and symmetry. 
Co-requisite: Any Education course numbered 30 or above which is specifically 
required for Elementary Certification and application to the Elementary Professional 
Semester, or consent of instructor. 

9 INTRODUCTION TO CALCULUS 

An intuitive approach to the calculus concepts with applications to business, 
biology, and social science problems. Not open to students who have 
completed Mathematics 18. Prerequisite: Credit for or exemption from Mathe- 
matics 5. Alternate years. 

12 FINITE MATHEMATICS FOR DECISION MAKING 

An introduction to some of the principal mathematical models, not involving 
calculus, which are used in Business Administration, social sciences, and 
operations research. The course will include both deterministic models, such 
as graphs, networks, linear programming and voting models and probabil- 
istic models such as Markov chains and games. Prerequisite: credit for or 
exemption from Mathematics 5. 

13 INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS 

Describing, distributions of measurements, probability and random vari- 
ables, binomial and normal probability distributions, statistical inference 
from small samples, linear regression and correlation, analysis of enumer- 
ative data. Prerequisite: credit for or exemption from Mathematics 5. 

14 MULTIVARIATE STATISTICS 

The study of statistical techniques used in experimental designs involving 
more than two random variables. Techniques would include analysis of 
variance, analysis of covariance, multiple regression and correlation, in- 
troduction to factor analysis and introduction to discriminative analysis. 
Extensive use of the IBM 1130 Computer as a problem solving tool will be 
included. One-half unit of credit. Prerequisite: Math 13. 

15 COMPUTER SCIENCE 

Study of mathematics relevant to computing. A survey of machine and 
symbolic programming. Introduction to FORTRAN IV programming. In- 
cludes laboratory experience on an IBM 1130. Prerequisite: credit for or 
exemption from Mathematics 5. 

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17 PRECALCULUS MATHEMATICS 

The study of logarithmic, exponential, trigonometric, polynomial and 
rational functions, their graphs and elementary properties. Prerequisite: credit 
for or exempt ion from Mathematics 5. 

18 CALCULUS WITH ANALYTIC GEOMETRY I 

Differentiation of algebraic functions, graphing plane curves, applications to 
related rate and extremal problems, integration of algebraic functions, areas 
of plane regions, volumes of solids of revolution, and other applications. 
Prerequisite: A grade of C or better in Mathematics 17 or its equivalent, or consent 
of instructor. 

19 CALCULUS WITH ANALYTIC GEOMETRY II 

Differentiation and integration of transcendental functions, parametric 
equations, polar coordinates, the conic sections and their applications, 
infinite sequences and series expansions. Prerequisite: A grade ofC or better in 
Mathematics 18 or consent of instructor. 

20 MULTIVARIATE CALCULUS WITH MATRIX ALGEBRA 

Vectors, linear transformations and their matrix representations, determi- 
nants, matrix inversion, solutions to systems of linear equations, differentia- 
tion and integration of multivariate functions, vector field theory and 
applications. Prerequisite: A grade of C or better in Mathematics 19, or consent of 
instructor. 

21 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 

A study of ordinary differential equations and their applications: first order 
linear differential equations, the Picard Existence Theorem, solution by 
separation of variables, solution by numerical methods; second order linear 
differential equations, solution by variation of parameters, solution by power 
series, solution by Laplace transforms; systems of first order equations, 
solutions by eigenvalues; qualitative theory, stability theory, asymptotic 
behavior, and the Poincare-Bendixon theorem. Besides the usual applica- 
tions in physics and engineering, considerable attention will be given to 
modern applications in the social and life sciences. Prerequisite: A grade of C 
or better in Mathematics 19, or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

23 COMPLEX VARIABLES 

Complex numbers, analytic functions, complex integration, Cauchy's the- 
orems, and their applications. Co-requisite: Mathematics 20. Alternate years. 

24 FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 

Topics regularly included are the nature of mathematical systems, essentials 
of logical reasoning, and axiomatic foundations of set theory. Other topics 
frequently included are approaches to the concepts of infinity and continuity, 
and the construction of the real number system. The course serves as a bridge 
from the elementary calculus to advanced courses in algebra and analysis. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 19, or consent of instructor. 

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30 TOPICS IN GEOMETRY 

An axiomatic treatment of Euclidean geometry, and an introduction to 
related geometries. Prerequisite: Mathematics 18. Alternate years. 

31 INTRODUCTION TO NUMERICAL ANALYSIS 

Study and analysis of tabulated data leading to interpolation, numerical 
integration, numerical solutions of differential equations and systems of 
equations. Co-requisite: Mathematics 20. Prerequisite: Mathematics 15. Alternate 
years. 

32-33 MATHEMATICAL STATISTICS I-II 

A study of probability, discrete and continuous random variables, expected 
values and moments, sampling, point estimation, sampling distributions, 
interval estimation, test of hypotheses, regression and linear hypotheses, 
experimental design models. Prerequisite: Mathematics 19. Alternate years. 

34 MODERN ALGEBRA 

An integrated approach to groups, rings, fields and vector spaces, and 
functions which preserve their structure. Prerequisite: Mathematics 24. 

36 CONCEPTS OF MATHEMATICS IN SECONDARY EDUCATION 

A course designed for mathematics majors who are planning to teach at the 
secondary level. Emphasis will be placed on the mathematics that forms the 
foundation of secondary mathematics. Ideas will be presented to familiarize 
the student with various curriculum proposals, to provide for innovation 
within the existing curriculum and to expand the boundaries of the existing 
curriculum. Open only to junior and senior math majors enrolled in the secondary 
education pirogram. Alternate years. 

37 COMPUTATIONAL MATRIX ALGEBRA 

An introduction to some of the algorithms which have been developed for 
producing numerical solutions to such linear algebraic problems as solving 
systems of linear equations, inverting matrices, computing the eigenvalues 
of a matrix, and solving the linear least squares problem. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 15 and 20 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

42 REAL ANALYSIS 

A rigorous analysis of the basic concepts of real variable calculus; the real 
number system as a complete, ordered field; the topology of Euclidean space, 
compact sets, the Heine-Borel Theorem; continuity; the Intermediate Value 
Theorem; derivatives, the Mean Value Theorem; Riemann integrals, the 
Fundamental Theorem of Calculus; infinite series, and Taylor's theorem. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 24. 

48 SEMINAR 

Topics in modern mathematics of current interest to the instructor. A 
different topic is selected each semester. This seminar is designed to provide 
junior and senior mathematics majors and other qualified students with more 

95 



than the usual opportunity for concentrated and cooperative inquiry. 

Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. One-half unit of credit. This course may be 
repeated for credit. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns with computer science and statistics background have helped other 
institutions do research on their data. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

The department will consider any topic of interest to a qualified student. 
Recently completed studies focused on data structures, computer graphics, 
designs of geodesic domes and integer programming. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 

One student produced an Honors paper entitled "Construction of Rings from 
Bounded Modular Lattices." This project helped prepare the student for 
graduate study in mathematics. 



MUSIC 

Assistant Professors: Boerckel, Jex, Thayer (Chairman) 

Part-Time Instructors: Mclver, Nacinovich, Nagel, Russell, Serang, Veley 

The music major is required to take a balanced program of theory, applied 
music, music history, and music ensemble. A minimum of eight courses 
(exclusive of applied music and ensemble) is required, and these must include 
Music 10, 11, 15, 32, and any two from 35, 36, 45, 46. Each major must 
participate in an ensemble (Music 68 and/or 69) and take one hour of applied 
music per week. (See Music 60-66) The major must include piano in the applied 
program unless a piano proficiency test is requested and passed. 

10-11 MUSIC THEORY I AND II 

A two-semester course for the major or non-major wishing to develop 
musicianship through the study of harmony, ear-training, and sight- 
singing. (Music 10 is prerequisite to Music 11) 

15 INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC 

An introduction to traditional serious music for those with or without music 
training. This is basically a non-technical course for majors and non-majors, 
and is concerned with representative composers, compositions, style peri- 
ods, and forms. Class time is largely devoted to guided listening, and 
outside assignments consist mostly of readings with some listening. 

18 AMERICAN MUSIC I 

For the major or non-major interested in studying all types of American 
music, from pre-Revolutionary days through World War I. Areas explored 
will include Indian, African, and European roots influencing the serious 
music for small and large ensembles, the development of show music from 

96 




minstrels to Broadway musicals, the evolution of "Tin Pan Alley", and the 
beginnings of jazz. Alternate years. 

19 AMERICAN MUSIC II 

For the major or non-major interested in studying all types of American 
Music. American Music II will cover post-World War I days to the present. 
Areas explored will include indigenous serious music for small and large 
ensembles, the mature Broadway musical, the evolution of jazz, the 
development of rock, and the fusion of musical styles in the 1970's. Alternate 
years. 

20-21 MUSIC THEORY III AND IV 

A continuation of the integrated theory course moving toward newer uses 
of music materials. Prerequisite: Music 11. Alternate years. 

28 COUNTERPOINT 

A study of the five species in two, three, and four-part writing. Alternate 
years. 

29 ORCHESTRATION 

A study of modern orchestral instruments, and examination of their use by 
the great masters with practical problems in instrumentation. Alternate 
years. 

30 COMPOSITION 

Creative writing in smaller vocal and instrumental forms. The college music 
organizations serve to make performance possible. Alternate years. 

31 CONDUCTING 

A study of the fundamentals of conducting with frequent opportunity for 
practical experience. Alternate years. 

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32 ELECTRONIC MUSIC I 

Largely a non-technical introduction to electronic music designed for the 
major and non-major alike. The course traces the development of electronic 
music, introduces the student to simple tape-splicing and recorder manipu- 
lation, and progresses to the present-day synthesizer and multi-track 
techniques. Students will work collectively and individually in the elec- 
tronic studios. 

33 ELECTRONIC MUSIC II 

An in-depth study of the Moog synthesizer including alternating and direct 
current, signal generators, and the characteristics of their waveforms, 
control voltage and its sources, the transient and periodic modulations. 
Basic mixing and filtering techniques will be examined. Students will be 
assigned studio hours to complete the recording assignments. Prerequisite: 
Music 32. 

35 MUSIC HISTORY TO J. S. BACH 

A study of our music from its roots to the early 18th Century, with particular 
emphasis on late Medieval, Renaissance, and the early and middle Baroque. 

Prerequisite: Music 15. Alternate years. 

36 MUSIC HISTORY OF THE 18TH CENTURY 

The late Baroque, Rococo, and Classical periods are examined with particu- 
lar emphasis on J. S. Bach, Handel, Mozart, Haydn, and early Beethoven as 
well as Corelli, Vivaldi, the sons of Bach and the French school. Prerequisite: 
Music 15. Alternate years. 

42 ELECTRONIC MUSIC III 

An introduction to acoustic theory, echo technique, location modulation, 
application of equalization, phasing, and microphones. The student will 
write and perform an electronic composition utilizing real-time networks. 

Prerequisite: Music 33. Alternate years. 

43 ELECTRONIC MUSIC IV 

A study of major compositions and genres of electronic music. The student 
will complete an original composition based upon a study of these tech- 
niques and forms. Prerequisite: Music 42. Alternate years. 

45 MUSIC OF THE 19TH CENTURY 

A study of the music of the Romantic period with emphasis on Beethoven, 
Schubert, Chopin, Berlioz, Liszt, Schumann, Brahms, Wagner, Verdi, 
Tchaikovsky and others. Close examination of short lyric forms, program 
music, opera, and the sonata genre. Prerequisite: Music 15. Alternate years. 

46 MUSIC OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

Beginning with Debussy, Strauss, Mahler, and Sibelius, the course traces 
some of the main currents in the music of our time. Emphasis given to such 
composers as Stravinsky, Bartok, Ives, Shostakovich, Berg, Gershwin, and 
others. Prerequisite: Music 15. Alternate years. 

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APPLIED MUSIC AND ENSEMBLE 

The study of performance in Piano, Voice, Organ, Strings, Woodwinds, and 
Percussion is designed to develop sound technique and a knowledge of the 
appropriate literature for the instrument. Student recitals offer opportunities to 
gain experience in public performance. Music majors and other students 
qualified in performance may present formal recitals. 

Credit for Applied Music courses (private lessons) and ensemble (choir and 
band) is earned on a fractional basis. For a description of this, see page 16. An 
applied course or ensemble should NOT be substituted for an academic course, 
but should in every case be in addition to the normal four academic courses. 
Extra fees apply for private lessons (Music 60-66) as follows: $75 per semester for 
a half-hour lesson per week, and $150 per semester for an hour lesson per week. 
Private lessons are given for thirteen weeks. 

60 Piano 62 Strings 64 Brass 66 Percussion 

61 Voice 63 Organ 65 Woodwinds 

68 CHORAL ENSEMBLE (CHOIR) 

Participation in the college choir is designed to enable any student possess- 
ing at least average talent an opportunity to study choral technique. 
Emphasis is placed upon acquaintance with choral literature, tone produc- 
tion, diction, and phrasing. Students desiring credit for choir are allowed a 
maximum of one hour per semester. A student who is enrolled in choir and 
not band should elect Music 68-B (one hour credit). Students enrolled in 
both band and choir should elect 68- A and 69- A (V2 hr. in each). 

69 INSTRUMENTAL ENSEMBLE (BAND) 

The college band allows students with some instrumental experience to 
become acquainted with good band literature and develop personal musi- 
cianship through participation in group instrumental activity. Students 
desiring credit for ensemble are allowed a maximum of one hour per 
semester. A student who is enrolled in band, but not choir, should elect 
Music 69-B (one hour credit). A student enrolled in both band and choir 
should elect 68-A and 69-B (V2 hr. in each). 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 



NEAR EAST CULTURE AND ARCHEOLOGY 

Professor: Guerra (Coordinator) 

The Near East Culture and Archeology interdisciplinary major is designed to 
acquaint students with the "cradle of Western civilization", both in its ancient and 
modern aspects. Majors will complete a minimum of eight to ten courses related 
to the Near East. 

Required courses are described in their departmental sections and include: 

1. Four courses (semesters) in language and culture from: 
History and Culture of the Ancient Near East (Religion 28) 

99 



History of Art (Art 22) 

Ancient History (History 20) 

Old Testament Faith and History (Religion 13) 

Judaism and Islam (Religion 24) 

Two semesters of foreign language (Hebrew 1, 2 or Greek 1, 2) 

2. Two courses (semesters) in archeology from: 
Bible, Archeology, and Faith (Religion 46) 

Special Archeology courses, such as independent studies or in May 
Term or summer sessions in the Near East. 

3. Two courses (semesters) in the cooperating departments (Art, History, 
Political Science, Religion, and Sociology and Anthropology) or related 
departments. These two courses, usually taken in the junior or senior years, 
can be independent study. Topics should be related either to the ancient or 
the modern Near East and must be approved in advance by the committee 
supervising the interdisciplinary program. The study of modern Arabic or 
Hebrew is encouraged. 

Other courses may be suggested by the supervisory committee within the 
limits of a ten-course major. The number of courses taken within this program 
applicable toward fulfilling the College distribution requirements will vary 
according to the selection of courses you make. 



PHILOSOPHY 

Associate Professor: Griffith 

Assistant Professor: Herring (Chairman), Whelan 

The study of philosophy develops a critical understanding of the basic concepts 
and presuppositions around which we organize our thought in science, religion, 
education, morality, the arts, and other human enterprises. A major in 
philosophy, together with appropriate other courses, can provide an excellent 
preparation for policy-making positions of many kinds, for graduate study in 
several fields, and for careers in education, law, and the ministry. The major in 
philosophy consists of at least eight courses numbered 10 or above, of which six 
must be numbered 20 or above and must include 21 or 23, 22 or 24, and 49. In 
addition to the courses listed below, special courses are often offered. 

5 PRACTICAL REASONING 

A general introduction to topics in logic and their application to practical 
reasoning, with primary emphasis on detecting fallacies, evaluating induc- 
tive reasoning, and understanding the rudiments of scientific method. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS 

An introductory course designed to show the nature of philosophy by 
examination of several examples of problems which have received extended 
attention in philosophical literature. These topics often include the relation 
of the mind to the body, the possibility of human freedom, arguments about 
the existence of God, the conditions of knowledge, and the relation of 
language to thought. Some attention is also given to the principles of 
acceptable reasoning. 

100 



14 PHILOSOPHY AND PERSONAL CHOICE 

An introductory philosophical examination of a number of contemporary 
moral issues which call for personal decision. Topics often investigated 
include these: the "good" life, obligation to others, sexual ethics, abortion, 
suicide and death, violence and pacifism, obedience to the law, the relevance 
of personal beliefs to morality. Discussion centers on some of the suggestions 
philosophers have made about how to make such decisions. 

15 PHILOSOPHY AND PUBLIC POLICY 

An introductory philosophical examination of the moral and conceptual 
dimension of various contemporary public issues, such as the relation of 
ethics to politics and the law, the enforcement of morals, the problem of fair 
distribution of goods and opportunities, the legitimacy to restricting the use 
of natural resources, and the application of ethics to business practice. 
Discussion centers on some of the suggestions philosophers have made 
about how to deal with these issues. 

17 PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES IN EDUCATION 

An examination of the basic concepts involved in thought about education, 
and a consideration of the various methods for justifying educational 
proposals. Typical of the issues discussed are these: Are education and 
indoctrination different? What is a liberal education? Are education and 
schooling compatible? What do we need to learn? Alternate years. 

18 PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE 

An introductory examination of various philosophical issues and concepts 
which are of special importance in legal contexts. Discussion includes both 
general topics such as the justification of punishment, and more specific 
topics such as the insanity defense and the rights of the accused. Readings 
are arranged topically, and include both classical and contemporary sources. 

19 ETHICAL ISSUES IN BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE 

A philosophical investigation of some of the ethical issues which arise as a 
result of contemporary medical and biological technology. Typical of these 
issues are euthanasia, behavior control, patient rights, experimentation on 
humans, fetal research, abortion, genetic engineering, population control, 
and distribution of health resources. 

20 SYMBOLIC LOGIC 

A study of modern symbolic logic, and its application to the analysis of 
arguments. Included are truth- functional relations, the logic of propositional 
functions, and deductive systems. Attention is also given to various topics 
in the philosophy of logic. 

21 ANCIENT GREEK ETHICAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 

An examination of the ethical and political views of Socrates, Plato, and 
Aristotle. Considerable attention is paid to the relationship between these 
views and the social and intellectual milieu out of which they developed. 
However, the primary emphasis is on understanding the philosophical 

101 



issues raised in selected Aristotelian and Platonic texts. Prerequisite: Freshmen 
must have instructor's permission. Alternate years. 

22 HISTORY OF MODERN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 

An historical survey of the most important social and political philosophers 
of the modern period. Particular attention is paid to the social contract 
theories of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, and some consideration will be 
given to the political philosophies of Hegel, Marx, and Mill. Prerequisite: 

Freshmen must have instructor's permission. Alternate years. 

23 ANCIENT GREEK SCIENCE AND METAPHYSICS 

An historical survey of the first attempts to understand the physical universe 
scientifically. Particular attention is paid to the common origins of 
philosophy and science in the works of the pre-Platonic philosophers, to the 
question of how scientific and philosophical thinking is distinct from 
mythological and technological thinking, and to the interaction between 
philosophy and science in formulating the fundamental problems about the 
physical universe and in developing and criticizing the various concepts 
introduced in attempts to solve those problems. Prerequisite: Freshmen must 
have instructor's permission. Alternate years. 

24 EARLY MODERN SCIENCE AND METAPHYSICS 

An historical survey of the early modern attempt to understand the physical 
universe. Particular attention is paid to the continuities and discontinuities 
between early modern science and metaphysics and ancient Greek science 
and metaphysics, to the rationalism-empiricism dispute in science and 
metaphysics, and to the interaction between philosophy and science in 
formulating fundamental questions about the physical universe and in 
developing and criticizing concepts designed to answer them. Prerequisite: 
Freshmen must have instructor's permission. Alternate years. 

31 PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES IN CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY 

Theories in psychology which attempt to explain human behavior seem to 
conflict in various ways with religion, with common ideas about morality, 
and with common-sensical ways of explaining human behavior. This course 
examines some of those conflicts philosophically. Prerequisite: Students 
without previous study in philosophy must have instructor's permission. Alternate 
years. 

32 PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION 

A philosophical examination of religion. Included are such topics as the 
nature of religious discourse, arguments for and against the existence of God, 
and the relation between religion and science. Readings from classical and 
contemporary sources. Prerequisite: Students without previous study in 
philosophy must have instructor's permission. Alternate years. 

33 PHILOSOPHY OF NATURAL SCIENCE 

A consideration of philosophically important conceptual problems arising 
from reflection about natural science, including such topics as the nature of 
scientific laws and theories, the character of explanation, the import of 

102 



prediction, the existence of "non-observable" theoretical entities such as 
electrons and genes, the problem of justifying induction, and various puzzles 
associated with probability. Prerequisite: Students without previous study in 
philosophy must have instructor's permission. Alternate years. 

34 SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 

A systematic philosophical investigation of the relation between human 
nature and the proper social and political order. Topics studied include the 
purpose of government, the nature of legitimate authority, the foundation 
of human rights, and the limits of human freedom. Emphasis is placed on 
the logic of social and political thought and on the analysis of basic principles 
and concepts. Prerequisite: Students without previous study in philosophy must 
have instructor's permission. 

35 ETHICAL THEORY 

An inquiry concerning the grounds which distinguish morally right actions 
from morally wrong actions. Central to the course is critical consideration of 
the proposals and the rationale of relativists, egoists, utilitarians, and other 
ethical theorists. Various topics in metaethics are also included. Prerequisite: 
Students without previous study in philosophy must have instructor's permission. 

49 DEPARTMENTAL SEMINAR 

An investigation, carried on by discussions and papers, into one 
philosophical problem, text, philosopher, or movement. A different topic is 
selected each semester; recent topics include Sidgwick's ethics, religious 
language, Kierkegaard, legal punishment, Wittgenstein, personal identity, 
and human rights. This seminar is designed to provide junior and senior 
philosophy majors and other qualified students with more than the usual 
opportunity for concentrated and cooperative inquiry. Prerequisite: Consent of 
the instructor. This seminar may be repeated for credit. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80 INDEPENDENT STUDY 

Recent independent studies in philosophy include Nietzsche, moral educa- 
tion, Rawls' theory of justice, existentialism, euthanasia, Plato's ethics, and 
philosophical aesthetics. 

90 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Associate Professor: Burch (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Whitehill 
Instructor: Holmes 
Visiting Instructor: Hair 

1 PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Coeducational physical education classes. Basic instructions in fundamen- 
tals, knowledge, and appreciation of sports that include swimming, tennis, 

103 



bowling, volleyball, archery, field hockey, soccer, golf, badminton, modern 
dance, skiing, elementary games (for elementary teachers), toneastics, 
physical fitness, and other activities. Orienteering backpacking, cross 
country skiing, alpine skiing, jogging, and cycling are offered on a contract 
basis. Beginning swimming is required for all nonswimmers. Students may 
select any activity offered. A reasonable degree of proficiency is required in 
the activities in which students choose to participate. Emphasis is on the 
potential use of activities as recreational and leisure-time interests. Two 
semesters of physical education (two hours per week) are required. All 
physical education classes are open to both men and women. 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Associate Professor: Giglio (Chairman), Roskin 
Assistant Professor: Grogan 

The major is designed to provide a systematic understanding of government and 
politics at the international, national, state, and local levels. Majors are en- 
couraged to develop their faculties to make independent, objective analyses 
which can be applied to the broad spectrum of the social sciences. 

Although the political science major is not designed as a vocational major, 
students with such training may go directly into government service, journalism, 
teaching, or private administrative agencies. A political science major can provide 
the base for the study of law, or for graduate studies leading to administrative 
work in federal, state, or local government, international organizations, or college 
teaching. Students seeking certification to teach secondary school social studies 
may major in political science but should consult their advisors and the education 
department. 

A major consists of eight political science courses, including Political 
Science 15 and at least one course in each of the five areas (A to E) below. 
Students entering the major as juniors or seniors may, with departmental 
permission, substitute Political Science 20, European Politics, for Political 
Science 15. To encourage familiarity with other social sciences, at least two 
courses must be completed from the following: American Studies 10; Business 
35 and 36 (recommended for pre-law); Economics 10, 11, 32, 45; History 24, 32, 
33, 34; Philosophy 21, 22; Sociology and Anthropology 26, 38. 

15 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICS 

The behavior and misbehavior of the political animal, man. Why he forms 
political communities, how he may improve them, and how he may destroy 
them. Required of all political science majors; open to a limited number of other 
interested students. 

A. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT 

10 GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS IN THE UNITED STATES 

An introduction to American national government which emphasizes both 
structural- functional analysis and policymaking processes. In addition to the 
legislative, executive and judicial branches of government, attention will be 
given to political parties and interest groups, elections and voting behavior, 
and constitutional rights. Recommended to all Social Science Education 
majors and to those students who have had inadequate or insufficient 
preparation in American government. 

104 



11 STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT 

An examination of the general principles, major problems, and political 
processes of the states and their subdivisions, together with their role in a 
federal type of government. 

30 THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM 

An analysis of the Supreme Court in the American system of government 
with some attention paid to judicial decisionmaking. Topics include: judicial 
review, federalism, constitutional limits on legislative and executive 
powers, elections and representation. Alternate years. 

31 CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES 

What are our rights and liberties as Americans? What should they be? A 
frank discussion of the nature and scope of the constitutional guarantees. 
First Amendment rights, the rights of criminal suspects and defendants, 
racial and sexual equality, and equal protection of the laws. Students will 
read and brief the more important Supreme Court decisions. Prerequisite: 
Junior or Senior standing or consent of the instructor 

33 BUREAUCRACY AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 

What is a bureaucracy? Why and how do bureaucracies arise? What has 
been the political impact of growth of bureaucracy in government? These 
questions, among others, will be considered in this examination of public 
bureaucracies. This course is highly recommended to students planning to 
take an internship in city or county government through the political 
science department. 

B. AMERICAN POLITICS 

22 POLITICAL PARTIES AND INTEREST GROUPS 

An examination of the history, organization, functions, and methods of 
American political parties. Special attention is devoted to the role of 
organized interest groups in the political process. Alternate years. 

23 AMERICAN PRESIDENCY 

A study of the office and powers of the president with analysis of his major 
roles as chief administrator, legislator, political leader, foreign policy maker, 
and commander-in-chief. Special attention is given to those presidents who 
led the nation boldly. 

24 THE LEGISLATIVE PROCESS 

A study of the role of the legislature in the framework of the national and 
state governments. Consideration of the influence of the parties, pressure 
groups, public opinion, constituencies, the "committee system", the "ad- 
ministration" and the constitution in the lawmaking process. Alternate years. 

28 CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN PUBLIC POLICY I 

An introduction to basic principles of policy analysis, including identi- 
fication of contemporary public policy problems, alternative solutions, 

105 



formal government and other participants in the policy-making process, 
and evaluation of policy impact. Includes a detailed case-study analysis of 
one major public policy controversy. This is a V2 unit course (first seven 
weeks of semester). Students wishing to register in a full unit course should 
register for both PS 28 and PS 29; those wishing to register for a V2 unit 
course only should register for PS 28. Alternate years. 

29 CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN PUBLIC POLICY II 

A continuation of PS 28 with an emphasis on the variety of major issues in 
public policy confronting American government and society. Includes a 
detailed case-study analysis of one major public policy controversy (will 
differ from that analyzed in PS 28). This is a V2 unit course (second seven 
weeks of semester). Prerequisite: PS 28. Students wishing to register in a full unit 
course should register for both PS 28 and PS 29. Alternate years. 

32 THE POLITICS OF CITIES AND SUBURBS 

An examination of the history, legal basis, power, forms, services, and 
problems of the cities and their suburbs, with special reference to current 
experiments in the solution of the problems of metropolitan areas. 

C. POLITICAL THEORY AND METHODOLOGY 

35 LAW AND SOCIETY 

An examination into the nature, sources, functions, and limits of law as an 
instrument of political and social control. Included for discussion are legal 
problems pertaining to the family, crime, deviant behavior, poverty, and 
minority groups. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing or consent of the 
instructor. 

46 CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES 

The growth, development and current status of liberalism, conservatism, 
nationalism, socialism, communism, and fascism. Alternate years. 

47 THE AMERICAN POLITICAL TRADITION 

An examination of the significant ideas which have shaped the American 
political tradition from their European origins to the present, with emphasis 
on the influence of these ideas in the development of American democracy. 
Special attention will be paid to an analysis of contemporary ideological 
movements: Black Power, New Left, and Radical Feminism. Alternate years. 

48 PUBLIC OPINION AND POLLING 

A course dealing with the general topic and methodology of polling. Content 
includes exploration of the processes by which people's political opinions are 
formed, the manipulation of public opinion through the uses of propaganda, 
and the American response to politics and political issues. 

D. COMPARATIVE POLITICS 

20 EUROPEAN POLITICS 

A study of the political systems of East and West Europe with emphasis on 
106 



comparison and patterns of government. The course will review politics in 
Northern (Britain, West Germany, Sweden), Latin (France, Italy, Spain) 
and Eastern (Soviet Union, East Germany, Yugoslavia) Europe and attempt 
to find underlying similarities and differences. 

26 POLITICAL CULTURES 

An exploration of the "people" aspects of political life in several countries. 
The way people interact with each other and with government, what they 
expect from the system, how they acquire their political attitudes and styles 
and how these contribute to the type of government. Alternate years. 

38 POLITICS OF DEVELOPING AREAS 

The causes and possible cures for socio-political backwardness in Asia, 
Africa, and Latin America. Alternate years. 



E. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 

25 WORLD POLITICS 

Why is there war? An introduction to international relations with emphasis 
on the varieties of conflicts which may grow into war. 

27 CRISIS AREAS IN WORLD POLITICS 

The study of several current areas of international tension and conflict, 
including relations among the United States, Soviet Union and China, plus 
the Middle East and whatever new danger spots arise over time. Alternate 
years. 

39 AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY 

The U.S. role in the world in geographic, strategic, historical, and ideol- 
ogical perspectives, plus an examination of the domestic forces shaping 
U.S. policy. Alternate years. 



F. NON-AREA ELECTIVES 

34 POLITICAL NEWSWRITING 

A workshop course in the reporting and rewriting of public affairs at the local, 
national and international levels. There will be neither texts nor examina- 
tions, but short written assignments will be due every class meeting. Alternate 
years. 

G. SPECIAL PROGRAMS 

70-79 INTERNSHIPS (See Index) 

Students may receive academic credit for serving as interns in structured 
learning situations with a wide variety of public and private agencies and 
organizations. Students have served as interns with the Public Defender's 
Office, the Lycoming County Court Administrator, and the Williamsport 
City Government. 

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80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Current studies relate to elections — local, state, and federal — while past 
studies have included Soviet and world politics. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 



PSYCHOLOGY 

Professor: Hancock 

Assistant Professor: Berthold (Chairman), Salley 

Visiting Professor: Vestermark 

A major consists of Psychology 10, 31, 32, 36, and four other psychology 
courses. Mathematics 13 is also required. In addition to the departmental 
requirements, majors are urged to include courses in Animal Physiology, 
Sociology, and the Mathematics option of the distribution requirements. 

10 INTRODUCTORY PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the empirical study of human and other animal 
behavior. Areas considered may include: learning, personality, social, 
physiological, sensory, cognition, and developmental. 

15 ORGANIZATIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

The application of the principles and methods of pscyhology to selected 
organizational and industrial situations. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

16 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the patterns of deviant behavior with emphasis on 
cause, function, and treatment. The various models for the conceptualiza- 
tion of abnormal behavior are critically examined. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

17 DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

A study of the basic principles of early human growth and development. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

18 ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY 

The study areas will include theories of adolescence; current issues raised 
by as well as about the "generation of youth"; research findings bearing on 
theories and issues of growth beyond childhood; and self-exploration. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

24 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An examination of behavior in social contexts including motivation, per- 
ception, group processes and leadership, attitudes, and methods of re- 
search. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

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31 LEARNING EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

Learning processes. The examination of the basic methods and principles of 
animal and human learning. Prerequisite: Psychology 10; Mathematics 13. 

32 SENSORY EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

The examination of psychophysical methodology and basic neu- 
rophysiological methods as they are applied to the understanding of 
sensory processes. Prerequisite: Psychology 10; Mathematics 13. 

33 PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the physiological psychologist's method of approach to 
the understanding of behavior as well as the set of principles that relate the 
function and organization of the nervous system to the phenomena of 
behavior. The course emphasis is on the relationship between brain 
function and the physiological bases of learning, perception, and motiva- 
tion. Laboratory experience includes both behavioral testing and basic 
small-animal neurosurgical technique as well as histological methodology. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 20 or Biology 23, and Mathematics 13. 

34 PRINCIPLES OF MEASUREMENT 

Psychometric methods and theory, including scale transformation, norms, 
standardization, validation procedures and estimation of reliability. Prere- 
quisite: Psychology 10, Mathematics 13. 

35 HISTORY AND SYSTEMS OF PSYCHOLOGY 

The growth of scientific psychology and the theories and systems that have 
accompanied its development. Prerequisite: 4 courses in Psychology. 

36 PERSONALITY THEORY 

Theories of personality. A comparison of different theoretical views on the 
development and functioning of personality. Examined in detail are three 
general viewpoints of personality: psychoanalytic, stimulus-response (be- 
havioristic), and phenomenological. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

37 COGNITION 

An investigation of human mental processes along the two major dimensions 
of directed and undirected thought. Topic areas include: recognition, 
attention, conceptualization, problem-solving, fantasy, language, dreaming, 
and creativity. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

38 EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the empirical study of the teaching-learning process. 
Areas considered may include educational objectives, pupil and teacher 
characteristics, concept learning, problem solving and creativity, attitudes 
and values, motivation, retention and transfer, and evaluation and meas- 
urement. Prerequisite: Psychology 10 or consent of instructor. 

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39 BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION 

A detailed examination of the applied analysis of behavior. Focus will be on 
the application of experimental method to the individual clinical case. The 
course will cover targeting, behavior, base-rating, intervention strategies and 
outcome evaluation. Learning based modification techniques such as con- 
tingency management, counter-conditioning, extinction, discrimination 
training, aversive conditioning and negative practice will be examined. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 21. 

40 ADVANCED EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN 

Consideration of a variety of designs currently used in Psychology with 
emphasis on the appropriate statistical analysis. Prerequisite: Psychology 20 and 
21. 

48-49 PRACTICUM IN PSYCHOLOGY 

An off-campus involvement in the application of psychological skills and 
principles in institutional settings. The experience includes training in 
behavior modification and traditional counseling techniques as applied in 
prisons, mental health centers, and schools for the mentally retarded. 
Classroom training focuses on various therapeutic techniques and on the 
students' understanding of themselves in the counselor role. Prerequisite: 
Consent of instructor. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Internships give students an opportunity to relate on-campus academic 
experiences to society in general and to their post-baccalaureate objectives 
in particular. Our students have, for example, worked in prisons, public and 
private schools, county government, and the American Red Cross. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Independent Study is an opportunity for students to pursue special interests 
in areas for which courses are not offered. In addition, students have an 
opportunity to study a topic in more depth than is possible in the regular 
classroom situation. Studies in the past have included child abuse, counsel- 
ing of hospital patients, and research in the psychology of natural disasters. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 

Honors in Psychology require original contributions to the literature of 
Psychology through independent study. The most recent honors project was 
a study of the relationship between socio-economic status and visual vs. 
auditory learning. 

RELIGION 

Professor: Guerra 

Assistant Professor: Hughes (Chairman), Robinson 

A major consists of ten courses including 11, 12, 13, and 14. At least seven courses 
must be taken in the department. The following courses may be counted toward 
fulfilling the major requirements: Greek 11 and 12, Hebrew 11 and 12, History 
39 and 41, Philosophy 32, and Sociology 33. 

110 



11 DEATH AND DYING 

A study of death from personal, social, and universal standpoints, with 
emphasis upon what the dying may teach the living. Principal issues are the 
stages of dying, bereavement, suicide, funeral conduct, and the religious 
doctrines of death and immortality. Course includes, as optional, practical 
projects with terminal patients under professional supervision. 

12 RELIGION AND THE SPIRIT OF SCIENCE 

A comparison of the approaches taken by religion and science towards such 
topics as: evolution, psychic phenomena, primitive creation myths, modern 
astronomy, depth psychology, and the concept of "revelation." The role of 
"faith," "fact," and "intuition" in each discipline will be examined. 
Scientists, engineers, and technicians will be invited to share their views 
informally with the class. 

13 OLD TESTAMENT FAITH AND HISTORY 

A critical examination of the literature within its historical setting and in the 
light of archeological findings to show the faith and religious life of the 
Hebrew-Jewish community in the biblical period, and an introduction to the 
history of interpretation with an emphasis on contemporary Old Testament 
criticism and theology. 

14 NEW TESTAMENT FAITH AND HISTORY 

A critical examination of the literature within its historical setting to show the 
faith and religious life of the Christian community in the biblical period, and 
an introduction to the history of interpretation with an emphasis on 
contemporary New Testament criticism and theology. 

22 PROTESTANTISM IN THE MODERN WORLD 

An examination of changing Protestant thought and life from Luther to the 
present, against the backdrop of a culture itself rapidly changing from the 
Seventeenth century scientific revolution to Marxism, Darwinism, and depth 
psychology. Special attention will be paid to the constant interaction between 
Protestantism and the world in which it finds itself. 

23 AFRICAN RELIGIONS 

An examination of the integrated life of the Black man in Africa before it was 
altered by Western imperialism. We will emphasize the "religious" side of 
the African's life, examining the way in which it is interwoven with his daily 
activities, from before his birth to after his death. Some attention will be given 
to Western influences on this traditional lifestyle. 

24 JUDAISM AND ISLAM 

An examination of the rise, growth, and expansion of Judaism and Islam, 
with special attention given to the theological contents of the literatures of 
these religions as far as they are normative in matters of faith, practice, and 
organization. Also a review of their contributions to the spiritual heritage of 
mankind. 

Ill 



25 ORIENTAL RELIGION 

A phenomenological study of the basic content of Hinduism, Buddhism, and 
Chinese Taoism with special attention to social and political relations, 
mythical and aesthetic forms, and the East-West dialogue. 

28 HISTORY AND CULTURE OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST 

A study of the history and culture of Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Syria-Palestine, 
and Egypt, from the rise of the Sumerian culture to Alexander the Great. 
Careful attention will be given to the religious views prevalent in the Ancient 
Near East as far as these views interacted with the culture and faith of Biblical 



30 PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION 

A study into the broad insights of psychology in relation to the phenomena 
of religion and religious behavior. The course concentrates on religious 
experience or manifestations rather than concepts. Tenative solutions will be 
sought to questions such as: What does it feel like to be religious or to have 
a religious experience? What is the religious function in human develop- 
ment? How does one think psychologically about theological problems? 

31 CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ETHICS 

A study of Christian ethics as a normative perspective for contemporary 
moral problems with emphasis upon the interaction of law and religion, 
decision-making in the field of biomedical practice, and the reconstruction 
of society in a planetary civilization. 

32 CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS IN CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ETHICS 

An examination of the approach of religion and other disciplines to an issue 
of current concern; current topics include the theological significance of law, 
the ethics of love, and the holocaust. The course may be repeated for credit. 

33 ROMAN CATHOLIC THOUGHT 

The development of Thomism, Neo-Thomism, and Transcendental Thom- 
ism; limited attention given to pastoral and ecclesiological issues in the post- 
conciliar era after Vatican II. 

37 BIBLICAL TOPICS 

An in-depth study of Biblical topics related both to the Old Testament and 
the New Testament. Topics include prophecy, wisdom, literature, the Dead 
Sea Scrolls, the teachings of Jesus, Pauline theology, Judaism and Christian 
origips, redaction criticism — the way the Synoptic Gospels and John give 
final form to their message. Course will vary from year to year and may be taken 
for credit a second time if the topic is different from one previously studied. 

41 CONTEMPORARY RELIGIOUS ISSUES 

A study of the theological significance of some contemporary intellectual 
developments in western culture. The content of this course will vary from 
year to year. Subjects studied in recent years include the following: the 

112 



theological significance of Freud, Marx, and Nietzsche; Christianity and 
existentialism; theology and depth psychology; and the religious dimension 
of contemporary literature. 

42 THE NATURE AND MISSION OF THE CHURCH 

A study of the nature of the Church as "The People of God" with reference 
to the Biblical, Protestant, Orthodox and Roman Catholic traditions. 

43 THE EDUCATIONAL MINISTRY OF THE CHURCH 

A study of religious education as a function of the church with special 
attention given to the nature and objectives of Christian education, methods 
of teaching religion, and the relations between faith and learning. 

46 BIBLE, ARCHEOLOGY, AND FAITH 

A study of the role of archeology in reconstructing the world in which the 
Biblical literature originated, with special attention given to archeological 
results that throw light on the clarification of the Biblical text. Also an 
introduction to basic archeological method, and a study in depth of several 
representative excavations along with the artifacts and material culture 
recovered from different historical peiods. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns in religion usually work in local churches under the supervision of 
the pastor and a member of the faculty. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Current study areas are in the biblical languages, New Testament theology, 
comparative religions, and the ethics of technology. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 

A recent project was on the Theology of Hope with reference to the thought 
of Ernst Bloch and Alfred North Whitehead. 



SOCIOLOGY— ANTHROPOLOGY 

Professor: McCrary 

Associate Professor: Wilk 

Assistant Professor: Jo (Chairman), Strauser - , 

Part-time Instructor: Slotter 

A major consists of Sociology- Anthropology 10, 14, 16, 44, 47 and three other 
courses within the department with the exception of 15, 23. Religion 46 may also 
be counted toward the major. Sociology- Anthropology majors are encouraged to 
participate in the internship program. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY 

An introduction to the problems, concepts, and methods in sociology today, 

113 



including analysis of stratification, organization of groups and institutions, 
social movements, and deviants in social structure. 

14 INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY 

An introduction to the subfields of anthropology; its subject matter, 
methodology, and goals. Examination of biological and cultural evolution, 
the fossil evidence for human evolution and questions raised in relation to 
human evolution. Other topics include race, human nature, primate 
behavior, and prehistoric cultural development. 

15 INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM 

An introduction to the role of law enforcement, courts, and corrections in the 
administration of justice; the historical development of police, courts and 
corrections; jurisdiction and procedures of courts; an introduction to the 
studies, literature, and research in criminal justice; careers in criminal justice. 

16 CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY 

An examination of cultural and social anthropology designed to familiarize 
the student with the analytical approaches to the diverse cultures of the 
world. The relevancy of cultural anthropology for an understanding of the 
human condition will be stressed. Topics to be covered include: the nature 
of primitive societies in contrast to civilizations, the concept of culture and 
cultural relativism, the individual and culture, the social patterning of 
behavior and social control, an anthropological perspective on the culture of 
the United States. 

20 MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY 

The history, structure, and functions of modern American family life, 
emphasizing dating, courtship, factors in marital adjustment, and the 
changing status of family members. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 10 or 
consent of instructor. 

21 JUVENILE DELINQUENCY 

A multidisciplinary approach to the study of the constellation of factors that 
relate to juvenile delinquency causation, handling the juvenile delinquent in 
the criminal justice system, treatment strategies, prevention and community 
responsibility. Prerequisite: Sociology -Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

22 PEOPLES AND CULTURES OF MEXICO 

Examination of the diverse cultures of Mesoamerica from preconquest 
indigenous peoples to modern Mexican state, including the rise and fall of 
Aztec and Maya civilization, transformation from Primitive agriculturalist to 
peasant, concepts of folk society and culture of poverty; an analysis of 
contemporary problems of rural Mexico and the role of peasants in modern 
revolutionary movements. Offered at least once every three years. 

23 INTRODUCTION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT 

Principles, theories and doctrines of the law of crimes, elements in crime, 
analysis of criminal investigation, important case law. Prerequisite: Sociology- 
Anthropology 15 or consent of instructor. 

114 



24 RURAL AND URBAN COMMUNITIES 

The concept of community is treated as it operates and affects individual and 
group behavior in rural, suburban, and urban settings. Emphasis is placed 
upon characteristic institutions and problems of modern city life. Prerequisite: 
Sociology-Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

26 SOCIAL MOVEMENTS 

An analysis of the dynamics, structure, and reaction to social movements 
with focus on contemporary social movements. Prerequisite: Sociology- 
Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

27 SOCIALIZATION THROUGH THE LIFE SPAN 

Examination of the relationship between the individual and society in the 
development of behavior potentials of groups and cultures. The course will 
study the continual process of learning how to be "human" which occurs 
throughout the life span. A cross cultural approach is utilized to examine the 
process of acquisition of skills, motives, and attitudes necessary for role 
performance in childhood, adolescence, with an emphasis on young 
adulthood, adulthood, middle age, and old age. Life span developmental 
theory will be used in conjunction with socialization theory and role theory. 
Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

28 AGING AND SOCIETY 

Analysis of cross cultural characteristics of the aged as individuals and as 
members of groups. Emphasis is placed upon variables: health, housing, 
socio-economic status, personal adjustment, retirement and social partici- 
pation. Sociological, social psychological and anthropological frames of 
reference utilized in analysis and description of aging and its relationship to 
society, culture, and personality. 

29 TWENTIETH CENTURY CHINESE SOCIETY 

An analysis of the interaction between the individual and society undergoing 
rapid social change in the Chinese cultural context. Topics include Confucian 
examination system and social mobility, the traditional Chinese village and 
family, origins of Chinese Marxism and how it has been implemented in 
social institutions of The People's Republic of China. Alternate years. 

30 CRIMINOLOGY 

Analysis of the sociology of law, conditions under which criminal laws 
develop, etiology of crime, epidemiology of crime including explanation of 
statistical distribution of criminal behavior in terms of time, space, and social 
location. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

31 SOCIOLOGY OF WOMEN 

A sociological examination of the role of women in American society through 
an analysis of the social institutions which affect their development. Role 
analysis theory will be applied to the past, present and future experience of 
women as it relates to the role options of the society as a whole. Students 
will do an original research project on the role of women as part of the 

115 



requirements for the course. Prerequisite: Sociology -Anthropology 10. Alternate 
years. 

32 INSTITUTIONS 

Introduces the student to the sociological concept of social institution, the 
types of social institutions to be found in all societies, and the interrela- 
tionships between the social institutions within a society. The course is 
divided into two basic parts: 1. That aspect which deals with the systematic 
organization of society in general, and 2. The concentration on a particular 
social institution: economic, political, educational, or social welfare. Prere- 
quisite: Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

33 SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION 

An examination of the major theories of the relationship of religion to society, 
and a survey of sociological studies of religious behavior. Prerequisite: 
Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

34 RACIAL AND CULTURAL MINORITIES 

Study of racial, cultural and national groups within the framework of 
American cultural values. Culture conflict and its resolution will be examined 
for selected minority groups. 

35 CULTURE AND PERSONALITY 

Introduction to psychological anthropology, its theories and methodologies. 
Emphasis will be placed on the relationship between individual and culture, 
national character, cognition and culture, culture and mental disorders, and 
cross cultural considerations of the concept of self. Prerequisite: Sociology- 
Anthropology 16 or consent of instructor. Offered at least once every three years. 

36 THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF PRIMITIVE RELIGIONS 

The course will familiarize the student with the wealth of anthropological 
data on the religions and world views developed by primitive peoples. The 
functions of primitive religion in regard to the individual, society and various 
cultural institutions will be examined. Subjects to be surveyed include myth, 
witchcraft, vision quests, spirit possession, the cultural use of dreams and 
revitalization movements. Particular emphasis will be given to shamanism, 
transcultural religious experience, and the creation of cultural realities 
through religions. Both a social scientific and existentialist perspective will 
be employed. Prerequisite: Sociology -Anthropology 16 or consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

37 THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF AMERICAN INDIANS 

An ethnographic survey of native North American Indian and Eskimo 
cultures, such as the Iroquois, Plains Indians, Pueblos, Kwakiutl, and 
Netsilik. Changes in native lifeways due to European contacts and United 
States expansion will be considered. Recent cultural developments among 
American Indians will be placed in an anthropological perspective. Offered 
at least once every three years. 

116 



38 LEGAL AND POLITICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 

The course is designed to familiarize the student with the techniques of 
conflict resolution and the utilization of public power in primitive society as 
well as the various theories of primitive law and government. The rise of the 
state and an anthropological perspective on modern law and government 
will be included. The concepts of self-regulation and social control, legit- 
imacy, coercion, and exploitation will be the organizing focus. Prerequisite: 
Sociology-Anthropology 16 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

39 THE AMERICAN PRISON SYSTEM 

Nature and history of punishment, evolution of the prison and prison 
methods with emphasis on prison community, prison architecture, institu- 
tional programs, inmate rights and sentences. Review of punishment vs. 
treatment, detention facilities, jails, reformatories, prison organization and 
administration, custody and discipline. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 
15. 

41 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION 

An analysis of the nature of stratification systems, with special reference to 
American social structure. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

42 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL WORK 

Consideration of basic social work concepts, principles and techniques of 
interviewing, individual case work, group work, and community organiza- 
tion, development of skills and techniques of social work applied to the 
correctional setting. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of instruc- 
tor. 

43 ALTERNATIVE LIFE STYLES 

Analysis of new life styles in American Society: life styles of minority groups 
and others who are considered by society to be nonconforming. Examination 
of the challenges to conformity and ramifications of nonconformity in 
American Society. Will include an inquiry into behavior which has historical- 
ly been labeled deviant covering such topics as: mental illness, addiction to 
alcohol and narcotics, homosexuality, and prostitution. Prerequisite: 
Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

44 SOCIAL THEORY 

The history of the development of sociological thought from its earliest 
philosophical beginnings is treated through discussions and reports. Em- 
phasis is placed upon sociological thought since the time of Comte. 
Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

45 ANTHROPOLOGICAL THEORY 

The history of the development of anthropological thought from the 
eighteenth century to the present. Emphasis is placed upon anthropological 
thought since 1850. Topics include evolutionism, historical-particularism, 
cultural idealism, cultural materialism, functionalism, structuralism and 

117 



ethnoscience. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 16 or consent of instructor. 
Offered at least once every three years. 

47 RESEARCH METHODS IN SOCIOLOGY-ANTHROPOLOGY 

Study of the research process in sociology and anthropology, including 
formation of research design (theory, methodology, and techniques), and 
practical application in the investigation of a research problem. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 13 and Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

48-49 PRACTICUM IN SOCIOLOGY 

Introduces the student to a practical work experience involving community 
agencies in order to effect a synthesis of the student's academic course work 
and its practical applications in a community agency. Specifics of the course 
to be worked out in conjunction with department, student and agency. 
Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns in Sociology- Anthropology typically work off-campus with social 
service agencies under the supervision of administrators. However, other 
internship experiences such as with the Lycoming County Historical 
Museum are available. 

Interns in criminal justice work off-campus in criminal justice agencies 
such as penal institutions and probation and parole departments under the 
supervision of administrative personnel. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Typical examples of recent studies in Sociology- Anthropology are American 
Indian world views and religions and program evaluation in the human 
services area. Recent studies in the criminal justice area are the status of 
women in the criminal justice system and model correctional legislation and 
standards. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 



THEATRE 

Professor: Falk (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Dartt 

The major consists of eight courses, except Theatre 1, wth a concentration in 
Acting, Directing, or Design. The Fine Arts requirement may be satisfied by 
selecting any two courses, except Theatre 1. In addition to the departmental 
requirements, majors are urged to include courses in Art, Music, Psychology, and 
English. 

1 FUNDAMENTALS OF ORAL COMMUNICATION 

The dynamics of oral communication. The development of elementary 
principles of simple oral communication through lectures, prepared assign- 
ments in speaking, and informal class exercises. Utilizes video tape se- 
quences for "instant feedback" to students. 

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10 INTRODUCTION TO THEATRE 

Designed as a comprehensive introduction to the aesthetics of theatre. From 
the spectator's point of view, the nature of theatre will be explored including 
dramatic literature and the integrated functioning of acting, directing, and 
all production aspects. 

11 INTRODUCTION TO FILM 

A basic course in understanding the film medium. The class will investigate 
film technique through lectures and by viewing regular weekly films chosen 
from classic, contemporary, and experimental short films. 

12 HISTORY OF THEATRE I 

A detailed study of the development of theatre from the Greeks to the 
Restoration. Alternate years. 

13 HISTORY OF THEATRE II 

The history of the theatre from 1660. Alternate years. 

14 ORAL INTERPRETATION OF LITERATURE 

The fundamental principles and methods of oral reading and the interpreta- 
tion of literature are introduced. Materials will be chosen from poetry, prose, 
the novel, and drama. Alternate years. 

15 PLAYWRITING AND DRAMATIC CRITICISM 

An investigation of the techniques of playwriting with an emphasis on 
creative writing, culminating in a written one-act play, plus an historical 
survey of dramatic criticism from Aristotle to the present, with emphasis 
upon developing the student's ability to write reviews and criticism of 
theatrical productions and films. Alternate years. 

18 PLAY PRODUCTION FOR COMMUNITY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS 

Stagecraft and the various other aspects of play production are introduced. 
Through material presented in the course and laboratory work on the Arena 
Theatre stage, the student will acquire experience to produce theatrical 
scenery for community and secondary school theatre. 

24 INTRODUCTION TO ACTING 

An introductory study of the actor's preparation, with emphasis on 
developing the actor's creative imagination through improvisations and 
scene study. 

26 INTRODUCTION TO DIRECTING 

An introductory study of the function of the director in preparation, 
rehearsal, and performance. Emphasis is placed on developing the student's 
ability to analyze scripts and on the development of the student's imagina- 
tion. 

119 



28 INTRODUCTION TO SCENE DESIGN AND STAGECRAFT 

An introduction to the theatre with an emphasis on stagecraft. The 
productions each semester serve as the laboratory to provide the practical 
experience necessary to understand the material presented in the classroom. 

29 MARIONETTE PRODUCTION 

Introduces the construction, costuming, and performing of a play through 
the medium of string puppets. Alternate years. 

31 ADVANCED TECHNIQUES OF PLAY PRODUCTION 

A detailed consideration of the interrelated problems and techniques of play 
analysis, production styles, and design. Offered summer only. 

34 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: ACTING 

Instruction and practice in character analysis and projection, with emphasis 
on vocal and body techniques. 

35 THEORIES OF THE MODERN THEATRE 

An advanced course exploring the philosophical roots of the modern theatre 
from the birth of realism to the present, and the influences on modern theatre 
practice. Selected readings from Nietzsche, Marx, Jung, Freud, Whitehead, 
Kierkegaard, Sartre, Camus, as well as Antoine, Copeau, Stanislavski, 
Shaw, Meyerhold, Artaud, Brecht, Brook, Grotowski. Alternate years. 

36 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: DIRECTING 

Emphasis is placed on the student's ability to function in preparation and 
rehearsal. Practical experience involves the directing of two one-act plays 
from the contemporary theatre. 

38 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: SCENE AND LIGHTING DESIGN 

The theory of stage and lighting design with emphasis on their practical 
application to the theatre. 

40 MASTERS OF WORLD DRAMA 

An intensive and detailed analysis of the plays, and related works, including 
criticism of great authors, that have shaped world theatre. Authors to be 
selected on the basis of interest of students and faculty. At times, more than 
one author will be treated in a term. Ibsen, Brecht, Moliere, Williams, Albee. 
Alternate years. May be accepted toward English major with consent of English 
Department. 

42 ADVANCED STUDIO: COSTUME DESIGN 

The theory of costuming for the stage, elements of design, planning, 
production, and construction of costumes for the theatre. Students will 
participate in the design of a production. 

43 ADVANCED STUDIO: PROPERTIES DESIGN 

The theory of properties design for the stage including the production of 

120 



specific properties for staging use. Elements of design, fabrication, and the 
construction of properties employing a variety of materials and the applica- 
tion of new theatrical technology. 

44 ADVANCED STUDIO: ACTING 

Preparation of monologues and two-character scenes, contemporary and 
classical. The student will appear in major campus productions. 

46 ADVANCED STUDIO: DIRECTING 

Emphasis will be placed on the student's ability to produce a major three- 
act play from the script to the stage for public performance. 

48 ADVANCED STUDIO: DESIGN 

Independent work in conceptual and practical design. The student will 
design one full production as his major project. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns in theatre work off-campus in such theatres as the Guthrie Theatre, 
Minneapolis, and the New Jersey Shakespeare Festival. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Some recent independent studies have been the roles of women as characters 
in drama, scene design and lighting design for an Arena production. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See Index) 
A typical study could be the writing and production of an original play. 




COOPERATIVE PROGRAMS 

Lycoming has developed several cooperative programs in order to provide 
students with opportunities to extend their knowledge, abilities, and talents in 
selected areas through access to the specialized academic programs and facilities 
of other colleges, universities, academies, and hospitals. Although thorough 
advisement and curricular planning are provided for each of the cooperative 
programs, admission to Lycoming and registration in the program of choice does 
not guarantee students admission to the cooperating institution. The prerogative 
of admitting students to the cooperative aspect of the program rests with the 
cooperating institution. Students who are interested in a cooperative program 
should contact the coordinator during the first week of the first semester of their 
enrollment at Lycoming in order to plan their course programs in a manner that 
will insure completion of required courses according to the schedule stipulated 
for the program. All cooperative programs require special coordination of course 
scheduling at Lycoming. 

Drama — Lycoming's affiliation with the American Academy of Dramatic 
Arts provides for advanced standing status at the Academy for a Lycoming 
graduate who is recommended by the Lycoming Theatre faculty and admitted to 
the Academy. An Academy graduate who is recommended by the faculty of the 
Academy and who has successfully completed two years of study at an accredited 
college or university may earn a bachelor of arts degree at Lycoming by working 
two summers with The Arena Theatre and completing two consecutive semesters 
of course work during the regular academic year. Summer course work may be 
required in individual cases. 

Engineering — Combining the advantages of a liberal arts education and the 
technical training of an engineering curriculum, this program is offered in 
conjunction with Bucknell University and The Pennsylvania State University. 
Students complete three years of study at Lycoming and two years at the 
cooperating university. Upon satisfactory completion of the first year of engineer- 
ing studies, Lycoming awards the bachelor of arts degree. When students 
successfully complete the second year of engineering studies, the cooperating 
university awards the bachelor of science degree in engineering. 

At Lycoming, students complete the distribution program and courses in 
physics, mathematics, and chemistry. Engineering specialities offered at Bucknell 
University include chemical, civil, electrical, and mechanical, whereas The 
Pennsylvania State University offers aeronautical, civil, electrical, industrial, 
mechanical and sanitary engineering. 

Forestry or Environmental Studies — Lycoming College offers a cooperative 
program with Duke University in environmental management and forestry. 
Qualified students can earn the bachelor's and master's degrees in five years, 
spending three years at Lycoming and two years at Duke. All Lycoming 
distribution and major requirements must be completed by the end of the junior 
year. At the end of the first year at Duke, the B.A. degree will be awarded by 
Lycoming. Duke will award the professional degree of Master of Forestry or 
Master of Environmental Management to qualified candidates at the end of the 
second year. 

The major program emphases at Duke are forest resource production, 
resource science, and resource policy and economics; however, the program is 
flexible enough to accommodate a variety of individual designs. An under- 
graduate major in one of the natural sciences, social sciences, or business may 
provide good preparation for the programs at Duke, but a student with any 
undergraduate concentration will be considered for admission. All students need 
at least two courses each in biology, mathematics, and economics. 

122 



Students begin the program at Duke in August following their junior year 
at Lycoming with a one-month session of field work in natural resource 
measurements, and must complete a total of 60 units which generally takes four 
semesters. 

Some students prefer to complete the bachelor's degree before undertaking 
graduate study at Duke. The master's degree requirements for these students are 
the same as those for students entering after the junior year, but the 60-unit 
requirement may be reduced for completed relevant undergraduate work of 
satisfactory quality. All credit reductions are determined individually and 
consider the student's educational background and objectives. 

Medical Technology — Students desiring a career in medical technology may 
either complete a bachelor of arts program followed by a clinical internship at any 
American Medical Association accredited hospital or they may complete the 
cooperative program. Students electing the cooperative program normally study 
for three years at Lycoming, during which time they complete 24 unit courses, 
including the college distribution requirements, a major, and requirements of the 
National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS). The 
current requirements of the NAACLS are as follows: four courses in chemistry 
(one of which must be either organic or biochemistry); four courses in biology 
(including courses in microbiology and immunology); and one course in 
mathematics. 

Students in the cooperative program usually major in biology, following a 
modified major of six unit courses that exempts them from Ecology (Biology 24) 
and Plant Sciences (Biology 25). Students must take either Animal Physiology 
(Biology 23) or Cell Physiology (Biology 35). The cooperative program requires 
successful completion of a one-year internship at an American Medical Associa- 
tion accredited hospital. Lycoming is affiliated with the following accredited 
hospitals: Williamsport, Divine Providence, Robert Packer, Lancaster, and 
Abington. Students in the cooperative program receive credit at Lycoming for 
each of eight unit courses in biology and chemistry successfully completed during 
the clinical internship. Successful completion of the Registry Examination is not 
considered a graduation requirement at Lycoming College. 

Students entering a clinical internship for one year following graduation 
from Lycoming must complete all of the requirements of the cooperative 
program, but are not eligible for the biology major exemptions indicated above. 
Upon graduation, such students may apply for admission to a clinical program 
at any hospital. 

Podiatry — Students interested in podiatry may either seek admission to a 
college of podiatric medicine upon completion of the bachelor of arts degree or 
through the Accelerated Podiatric Medical Education Curriculum Program 
(APMEC). The latter program provides an opportunity for students to qualify for 
admission to the Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine (PCPM) after three 
years of study at Lycoming. At Lycoming, students in the APMEC program must 
successfully complete 24 unit courses, including the distribution program and a 
basic foundation in biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics. During the 
first year of study at PCPM, students must successfully complete the equivalent 
of 48 semester hours of basic science courses in addition to a program in 
introduction to podiatry. Successful completion of the first year of professional 
training will contribute toward the fulfillment of the course requirements for the 
bachelor of arts degree at Lycoming. 

Reserve Officers Training Corps Program (R.O.T.C.) — The program pro- 
vides a voluntary opportunity for Lycoming students to enroll on a non-credit 
basis in the Bucknell University R.O.T.C. unit. Lycoming notes enrollment in and 

123 



successful completion of the program on student transcripts. Military Science is 
a four-year program divided into a basic course given during the freshman and 
sophomore years and an advanced course given during the junior and senior 
years. Students who have not completed the basic course may qualify for the 
advanced course by completing summer camp between the sophomore and 
junior years. Students enrolled in the advanced course receive a monthly stipend 
of $100 for up to ten months a year. Students successfully completing the 
advanced course and advanced summer camp between the junior and senior 
years will qualify for a commission as a Second Lieutenant in the United States 
Army upon graduation and will incur a service obligation in the active Army or 
Army Reserves. The only expense to the student for this program is the deposit 
referred to in Chapter III under "Entry Fee and Deposits." 

Student Enrichment Semester — This voluntary program is designed to 
expand academic and life opportunities for students and to provide for partici- 
pation in specialized programs and courses not available at Lycoming. Other 
members of the program are Bucknell and Susquehanna Universities, the 
Williamsport Area Community College, and Bloomsburg, Lock Haven, and 
Mansfield State Colleges. Students other than freshmen enroll full time for credit, 
normally for one semester or term, at any participating institution in selected 
courses. Students in the program remain fully enrolled as degree candidates at 
their home institutions. A special opportunity within the program is the cross- 
registration arrangement with the Williamsport Area Community College where- 
by students may enroll for less than a full-time course load while remaining 
enrolled in courses at Lycoming. 

Washington, United Nations, and London Semesters — With the consent of 
the Political Science Department, selected students are permitted to study in 
Washington, D.C. at The American University for one full semester and may 
choose from seven different programs: Washington Semester, Urban Semester, 
Foreign Policy Semester, International Development Semester, Economic Policy 
Semester, Science and Technology Semester, American Studies Semester. 

With the consent of either the Department of History or Political Science, 
selected students may enroll at Drew University in Madison, N.J., in the United 
Nations Semester, which is designed to provide a first-hand acquaintance with 
the world organization. Students with special interests in world history, 
international relations, law, and politics are eligible to participate. 

The London Semester programs of Drew and The American University 
emphasize European history, politics and culture. Interested students participate 
with the consent of either the History or Political Science Departments. 

Normally the above special semester programs are open only to juniors. 

Lycoming College cannot assume responsibility for the health, safety, or welfare of any 
student engaged in or en route to or from any off -campus studies or activities which are 
not under the exclusive jurisdiction of this institution. 



124 



CHAPTER VII 
COLLEGE DIRECTORY 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

OFFICERS 

W. Gibbs McKenney, LL.D Chairman 

Nathan W. Stuart, J.D Vice Chairman 

Paul G. Gilmore Secretary 

William L. Baker Treasurer 

Fred A. Pennington, LL.D Chairman Emeritus 

HONORARY TRUSTEES 

Bishop Hermann W. Kaebnick, D.D., L.H.D., LL.D Hershey 

Ralph E. Kelchner Jersey Shore 

Arnold A. Phipps, II Williamsport 

Mrs. Donald G. Remley Williamsport 

George L. Stearns, II Williamsport 

TRUSTEES 

Term Expires 1980 
Elected 

1974 J. Robert Fahnestock Williamsport 

1974 Daniel G. Fultz Pittsford, NY 

1974 Mrs. Fred S. Gorman York 

1965 James G. Law, D. Text. Sci Bloomsburg 

1977 Robert L. Morris, Ph.D Indiana 

(Alumni Representative) 

1970 John E. Person, Jr Williamsport 

1965 Hon. Herman T. Schneebeli Williamsport 

1972 Donald E. Shearer, M.D Montoursville 

1961 Nathan W. Stuart, J.D Williamsport 

1971 Willis W. Willard, III, M.D Hershey 

1958 W. Russell Zacharias Allentown 



Term Expires 1981 
Elected 

1978 Howard C. Beach Sarasota, FL 

1969 Samuel H. Evert Bloomsburg 

1972 The Rev. Brian A. Fetterman Harrisburg 

1978 Harold D. Hershberger, Jr Williamsport 

1969 Kenneth E. Himes Williamsport 

1978 John C. Lundy Williamsport 

1978 Ms. Onalee R. Sabin Elmira, NY 

(Alumni Representative) 

1978 John Y. Schreyer Little Falls, NJ 

1978 M. L. Sharrah, Ph.D New Canaan, CT 

1972 Harold H. Shreckengast, Jr Jenkintown 

125 



COLLEGE DIRECTORY 

Term Expires 1982 
Elected 

1979 David Y. Brouse Williamsport 

1951 Paul G. Gilmore Williamsport 

1978 Mrs. Robert B. Jones Caledonia, NY 

1973 Robert G. Little, M.D Harrisburg 

1979 David J. Loomis, Ph.D Troy 

(Alumni Representative) 

1964 W. Gibbs McKenney, LL.D Baltimore, MD 

1973 G. Jackson Miller Altoona 

1958 Fred A. Pennington, LL.D Mechanicsburg 

1979 The Rev. Walter M. Schell Montoursville 

1961 The Rev. Wallace F. Stettler, HH.D Kingston 



ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF 

FREDERICK E. BLUMER (1976) President 

B.A., Millsaps College; B.D., Ph.D., Emory University 
SHIRLEY VAN MARTER (1979) Dean of the College 

B.A., Mundelein College; M. A., Northwestern University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
WILLIAM L. BAKER (1965) Treasurer 

B.S., Lycoming College 
JACK C. BUCKLE (1957) Dean of Student Services 

A.B., Juniata College; M.S., Syracuse University 
GEORGE P. FLINT (1977) Director of Institutional Relations 

A.B., Bowdoin College; A.M., P.D., Columbia University 
DALE V. BOWER (1968) Director of Alumni Affairs 

B.S., Lycoming College; B.D., United Theological Seminary 

RUSSELL A. BLOODGOOD (1969) Manager of Food Services 

CLARENCE W. BURCH (1962) Director of Athletics 

B.S, M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh 
LOUISE A. CALIGIURI (1978) Assistant Dean of Student Services 

B.S., M.S., Duquesne University 
ROBERT L. CURRY, JR. (1972) Assistant in Athletics 

A.B., Lycoming College 
DEBRA A. D'AGUILLO (1976) Associate Dean of Student Services 

B.A., SUNY at Binghamton; M.S., SUNY at Albany; 

Ed.S., SUNY at Albany 
ROBERT A. DOYLE (1978) Director of Admissions 

B.A., Juniata College 

ROBERT L. EDDINGER (1967) Director of Buildings & Grounds 

ROBERT J. GLUNK (1965) Registrar and Assistant to the Dean 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
THOMAS J. HENNINGER (1966) Director of Computer Services 

B.S., Wake Forest College; M.A., University of Kansas 
MARY E. HERRING (1978) Assistant Director of Admissions 

B.A., Albright College 
RICHARD A. HUGHES (1970) Chaplain of the College 

B.A., Indiana Central College; S.T.B., Ph.D., Boston University 

126 



COLLEGE DIRECTORY 

HAROLD H. HUTSON (1969) President Emeritus 

B.A., LL.D., Wofford College; B.D., Duke University 

Ph.D., University of Chicago; L.H.D., Ohio Wesleyan University 
DOUGLAS j. KEIPER (1970) Assistant Director of Admissions 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
LAWRENCE W. MAYES (1979) Assistant in Athletics 

B.S., Lock Haven State College; M.S., SUNY at Albany 
ROBIN J. NEWMAN (1979) Assistant Director of Admissions 

A.B., Lycoming College 
WILLIAM H. RUPP (1979) Director of Public Relations 

B.A., M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 

DOROTHY J. STREETER (1946) Book Store Manager 

BETTY JUNE SWANGER (1961) Director of Accounting Services 

CHARLES E. WEYANT (1971) Director of Library Services 

B.A., The American University; M.S., Simmons College 
THOMAS P. WOZNIAK (1979) Assistant Dean of Student Services 

B.A., Merrimack College; M.Ed., Worcester State College 

MEDICAL STAFF 

FREDERIC C. LECHNER, M.D College Physician 

B.S., Franklin and Marshall College; 

M.D., Jefferson Medical College 
RICHARD MAYS, M.D Psychiatrist 

B.A., The Pennsylvania State University; 

M.D., Jefferson Medical College 
ROBERT S. YASUI, M.D College Surgeon 

M.D., Temple University 
EMALINE W. DEIBERT, R.N College Nurse 

Williamsport Hospital School of Nursing 
EVELYN L. SEAMAN, R.N College Nurse 

Williamsport Hospital School of Nursing 

UNITED CAMPUS MINISTRY 

ROGER ALLING, JR. (1978) Chaplain to Episcopal Students 

B.A., Kenyon College; B.Ltt., Diploma in Theology, Oxford University 
PETER S. ELY (1978) Chaplain to Baptist Students 

B.S., Muhlenberg College; M.Div., Vanderbilt University 
JAMES W. GRUBB (1977) Chaplain to United Methodist Students 

A.B., Albright College; M.Div., United Theological Seminary 
DALE E. JOHNSON (1978) Chaplain to Lutheran Students 

B.A., Thiel College; M.Div., Lutheran Theological Seminary 
DAVID L. REED (1977) Chaplain to United Methodist Students 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.Div., United Theological Seminary 
WILLIAM J. RUMSEY (1978) Chaplain to Presbyterian Students 

B.A., Maryville College; M.Div., Pittsburgh Theological Seminary 
DERWOOD A. STRUNK, JR. (1977) .. Chaplain to United Methodist Students 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.Div., Lancaster Theological Seminary 
JOHN J. TAMALIS (1976) Chaplain to Roman Catholic Students 

B.S., University of Scran ton 

127 



COLLEGE DIRECTORY 

FACULTY 

EMERITI 

MABEL K. BAUER Professor Emeritus of Chemistry 

B.S., Cornell University; M.S., University of Pennsylvania 

DAVID G. BUSEY Associate Professor Emeritus of 

Physical Education 

B.S., M.S., University of Illinois 
LEROY F. DERR Professor Emeritus of Education 

A.B., Ursinus College; M.A., Bucknell University 

Ed.D., University of Pittsburgh 
ROBERT H. EWING Professor Emeritus of History 

A.B., College of Wooster; M. A., University of Michigan 

HH.D., Lycoming College 
W. ARTHUR FAUS Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

A.B., Dickinson College; S.T.B., Ph.D., Boston University 
PHIL G. GILLETTE Associate Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

A.B., Ohio University; M.A., Columbia University 
JOHN P. GRAHAM Professor Emeritus of English 

Ph.B., Dickinson College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 

HAROLD W. HAYDEN Librarian Emeritus 

and Professor Emeritus of Library Services 

A.B., Nebraska State Teachers College; B.S., University on Illinois; 

M.A. inl.S., University of Michigan 
GEORGE W. HOWE Professor Emeritus of Geology 

A.B., M.S., Syracuse University; Ph.D., Cornell University 
M. RAYMOND JAMISON Assistant Professor Emeritus of Physics 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.S., Bucknell University 
WALTER G. McIVER Professor Emeritus of Music 

Mus.B., Westminster Choir College; 

A.B., Bucknell University; M.A., Neiv York University 
LORING B. PRIEST Professor Emeritus of History 

LITT.B., Rutgers University; M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University 

DONALD G. REMLEY Assistant Professor Emeritus of 

Mathematics and Physics 

A.B., Dickinson College; M.A., Columbia University 
MARY LANDON RUSSELL Associate Professor Emeritus of Music 

Mus.B., Susquehanna University Conservatory of Music; 

M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
LOUISE R. SCHAEFFER Associate Professor Emeritus of Education 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., Bucknell University 

D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
GEORGE S. SHORTESS Professor Emeritus of Biology 

A.B., Johns Hopikins University; M.A., Columbia University; 

Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University 
FRANCES K. SKEATH Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 

A.B., M.A., Bucknell University 

D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
JOHN A. STUART Professor Emeritus of English 

B.A., William Jewell College; M.A. , Ph.D., Northwestern University 
HELEN B. WEIDMAN Professor Emeritus of Political Science 

A.B., M.A., Bucknell Universih/; Ph.D., Syracuse University 

128 



COLLEGE DIRECTORY 
PROFESSORS 

ROBERT F. FALK (1970) Theatre 

B.A., B.D., Drew University; M.A., Ph.D., Wayne State University 
MORTON A. FINEMAN (1966) Physics 

A.B., Indiana University; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
EDUARDO GUERRA (1960) Religion 

B.D., Southern Methodist University; 

S.T.M., Ph.D., Union Theological Seminary 
JOHN G. HANCOCK (1967) Psychology 

B.S., M.S., Bvcknell University; 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 

JOHN G. HOLLENBACK (1952) Business Administration 

Marshal of the College 

B.S., M.B.A., University of Pennsylvania 
JAMES K. HUMMER (1962) Chemistry 

B.N.S., Tufts University; M.S., Middlebury College; 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
JACK S. McCRARY (1969) Sociology 

B.A., M.A., Southern Methodist University; 

Ph.D., Washington University 
ROGER W. OPDAHL (1963) Economics 

A.B., Hofstra University; M.A., Columbia University; 

D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
ROBERT W. RABOLD (1955) Economics 

B.A., The Pennsylvania State University; 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
JOHN A. RADSPINNER (1957) Chemistry 

B.S., University of Riclnnond; M.S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute; 

D.Sc, Carnegie-Mellon University 
LOGAN A. RICHMOND (1954) Accounting 

B.S., Lycoming College; M.B.A., New York University; 

C.P.A. (Pennsylvania) 

SHIRLEY A. VAN MARTER (1979) Dean of the College 

English 

B.A., Mundelein College; M. A., Nortliwestern University; 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
MARY J. VESTERMARK (1977) Psychology 

A.B., Oberlin College; M. A., Stetson University; 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 



ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS 

ROBERT B. ANGSTADT (1967) Biology 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.S., Ph.D., Cornell University 
CLARENCE W. BURCH (1962) Physical Education 

B.S., M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh 
BERNARD P. FLAM (1963)* Spanish 

A.B., New York University; M.A., Harvard University; 

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

* On Sabbatical Fall Semester 1979-80 

129 



COLLEGE DIRECTORY 

DAVID A. FRANZ (1970) Chemistry 

A.B., Princeton University; M.A.T., The Johns Hopkins University; 

Ph.D., University of Virginia 
CHARLES L. GETCHELL (1967) Mathematics 

B.S., University of Massachusetts; M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University 
ERNEST D. GIGLIO (1972) Political Science 

B.A., Queens College; M.A., SUNY at Albany; 

Ph.D., Syracuse University 
STEPHEN R^ GRIFFITH (1970)** Philosophy 

A.B., Cornell University; M.A., Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
JOHN R. HUBBARD (1975) Mathematics 

A.B., University of Rochester; A.M., Ph.D., University of Michigan 
EMILY R. JENSEN (1969) English 

B.A., Jamestown College; M.A., University of Denver; 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 
FORREST E. KEESBURY (1970)* Education 

B.S., Defiance College; M.A., Bowling Green State University; 

Ed.D., Lehigh University 
ROBERT H. LARSON (1969) History 

B.A., The Citadel; M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia 
PAUL A. MacKENZIE (1970)** German 

A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Boston University 
GERTRUDE B. MADDEN (1958) English 

A.B., University of Pennsylvania; M. A., Bucknell University 
ROBERT J. B. MAPLES (1969) French 

A.B., University of Rochester; Ph.D., Yale University 
JOHN F. PIPER, JR. (1969) History 

A.B., Lafayette College; B.D., Yale University; Ph.D., Duke University 
DAVID J. RIFE (1970) English 

B.A., University of Florida; 

M.A., Ph.D., Southern Illinois University 
MICHAEL G. ROSKIN (1972)*** ' Political Science 

A.B., University of California at Berkeley; 

M.A., University of California at Los Angeles; 

Ph.D., The American University 
ROGER D. SHIPLEY (1967)** Art 

B.A., Otterbein College; M.F.A., Cranbrook Academy of Art 
WILLY SMITH (1966)t Physics 

M.S.E., Ph.D., University of Michigan 
STANLEY T. WILK (1973) Anthropology 

B.A., Hunter College; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 



* On Sabbatical Fall Semester 1979-80 
** On Sabbatical Spring Semester 1979-80 
*** On Sabbatical Academic Year 1979-80 
t On Leave Academic Year 1979-80 

130 



COLLEGE DIRECTORY 
ASSISTANT PROFESSORS 

SUSAN K. BEIDLER (1975) Library Services 

B.A., University of Delaware; M.L.S., University of Pittsburgh 
HOWARD C. BERTHOLD, JR. (1976) Psychology 

B.A., Franklin and Marshall College; M.A., The University of Iowa; 

Ph.D., The University of Massachusetts 
GARY M. BOERCKEL (1979) Music 

B.M., Oberlin College; M.M., Ohio University; 

D.M.A., University of Iowa 
JON R. BOGLE (1976) Art 

B.F.A., B.S., M.F.A., Tyler School of Art, Temple University 
JOHN H. CONRAD (1959)' Education 

B.S., Mansfield State College; M.A., New York University 
GARY E. DARTT (1969) Theatre 

B.S., Augustana College; M.F.A., University of Minnesota 
JACK D. DIEHL, JR. (1971) Biology 

B.S., M.A., Saw Houston State College; 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Connecticut 
RICHARD R. ERICKSON (1973) Astronomy and Physics 

B.A., University of Minnesota; M.S., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
WILLIAM D. FORD (1972)*** English 

B.A., Occidental College; M.A., M.F.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
ROBERT H. FOREMAN (1976) Mathematics 

B.S., Youngstown State University; 

M.S., Illinois Institute of Technology 
EDWARD G. GABRIEL (1977) Biology 

B.A., M.S., Alfred University; Ph.D., The Ohio State University 
FRED L. GROGAN (1977) ' Political Science 

A.B., Bates College; M.A. Arizona State University 

Ph.D., University of Missouri 

THOMAS J. HENNINGER (1966) Director of Computer Services 

Mathematics 

B.S., Wake Forest College; M.A., University of Kansas 

RICHARD A. HUGHES (1970) Religion 

B.A., Indiana Central College; S.T.B., Pli.D., Boston University 
DAVID N. JEX (1978) Music 

B.M., University of Toledo; M.M., Bowling Green State University; 

D.M.A., Cleveland Institute of Music 
MOON H. JO (1975) Sociology 

B.A., Valparaiso University; M.A., Howard University; 

Ph.D., New York University 
DAN O. KING (1977) Biology 

B.A., University of South Florida; M.A. , Ph.D., Indiana University 
ELIZABETH H. KING (1956) Business Administration 

B.S., Geneva College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
ELDON F. KUHNS, II (1979) Accounting 

B.A., Lycoming College; M. Accounting, University of Oklahoma; 

C.P.A. (Pennsylvania) 
RICHARD J. MORRIS (1976) History 

B.A., Boston State College; M.A., Ohio University; 

Ph.D., New York University 

131 



COLLEGE DIRECTORY 

STEPHEN E. ROBINSON (1979) Religion 

B.A., M.A., Brigham Young University; Ph.D., Duke University 
KAREN L. SALLEY (1976) Psychology 

B.S., Arkansas State University; M.A., Pli.D., University of Arkansas 
LARRY R. STRAUSER (1973) Sociology 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.P.A., University of Arizona 
CATHERINE E. STUDIER (1978) Education 

B.S., SUNY at Oneonta; Ed.M., Ed.D., University of Georgia 
FRED M. THAYER, JR. (1976) Music 

A.B., Syracuse University; B.M., Ithaca College; 

MM., SUNY at Binghamton; DM. A., Cornell University 
MARY ELLEN VERZARO (1979) Library Services 

B.A., Ithaca College; M.L.S., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 
H. BRUCE WEAVER (1974) Business Administration 

B.B.A., Stetson University; J. D., Vanderbilt University; 

M.B.A., Florida Technological University 
CHARLES E. WEYANT (1971) " Library Services 

B.A., The American University; M.S., Simmons College 
JOHN M. WHELAN, JR. (1971) Philosophy 

B.A., University of Notre Dame; 

Ph.D., The University of Texas at Austin 
BUDD F. WHITEHILL (1957) Physical Education 

B.S., Lock Haven State College; 

M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
FREDERIC M. WILD," JR. (1978) English 

B.A., Etnory University; M.A., Ph.D., Ohio State Univeristy; 

M.Div., Yale Divinity School 
ROBERT A. ZACCARIA (1973) Biology 

B.A., Bridgeioater College; Ph.D., University of Virginia 
MELVIN C. ZIMMERMAN (1979) Biology 

B.S., SUNY at Cortland; M.S., Ph.D., Miami University 



INSTRUCTORS 

DEBORAH J. HOLMES (1976) Physical Education 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University 
DIANE M. LESKO(1978) Art 

B.A., M.A., SUNY at Binghamton 
STEVEN J. McGUIRE (1979) Sociology 

B.A., University of Iowa; M.A., SUNY at Stony Brook 
JACK D. MURPHY (1978) Mathematics 

B.S., M.S., Drexel University 
SYED Q. SHAREEF (1979) Business Administration 

B.S., Middle East Technical University (Turkey); 

M.B.A., University of Cincinnati 
LOUISE M. STONE (1978) English 

B.A., M.A., University of Michigan 



* On Sabbatical Fall Semester 1979-80 
t On Sabbatical Spring Semester 1979-80 
t On Sabbatical Academic Year 1979-80 

132 



COLLEGE DIRECTORY 

NICOLAS J. TOSCANO (1979) Modern Language 

Bachiller en letras, Granada University (Spain); 

Law degree, University of Madrid 
RICHARD D. TROXEL (1978) Mathematics 

B.A., Oberlin College; M.A., Indiana University 



LECTURER 

DON M. LARRABEE II (1972) Lecturer in Law 

A.B., Franklin and Marshall; LL.B., Fordham University 

PART-TIME INSTRUCTORS 

MARY P. BAGGETT (1977) Chemistry 

B.A., Regis College; M.A., Wellesley College 
CATHLEEN H. HUFFORD (1977) .... Library Services 

B.A., The College ofWooster; M.L.S., Columbia University 
BARRY W. SLOTTER (1978) Sociology 

B.A., Lycoming College 
ANITA H. SOMERS (1977) Mathematics 

B.S., University of Tennessee; 

M.S., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 
LINDA L. TOSCANO (1979) Spanish 

B.A., Middlebury College; M.S., Syracuse University 
TERRY WILD (1972) Art 

B.A., Lycoming College; B.F.A., Art Center College of Design 

APPLIED MUSIC TEACHERS 

WALTER G. McIVER (1979) Voice 

M.B., Westminster Choir College 

A.B., Bucknell University 

M.A., New York University 
ALBERT J. NACINOVICH (1972) Brass 

B.S. in Music Education, Mansfield State College; 

M.S. in Music Education, Ithaca College 
SALLY G. NAGEL (1979) Percussion 

B.A., University of Toledo 

M.M., Cleveland Institute of Music 
MARY L. RUSSELL (1936) Piano 

M.B., Susquehanna University 

M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 

JUANITA M. SERANG (1975) Strings 

IRENE PECKHAM VELEY (1968) Piano 

B.M., Curtis Institute of Music 



133 



COLLEGE DIRECTORY 

ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANTS 

Louise S. Banks Periodicals Assistant in Library 

Betty S. Beck Assistant Bookstore Manager 

Emily C. Biichle Secretary to the Treasurer 

Pauline M. Brungard Student Loan Coordinator 

(B.S., Lycoming College) 

Shirley M. Campbell Assistant in Treasurer's Office 

Marie A. Compton Secretary, Residence Life 

Richard L. Cowher Office Services Coordinator 

Elizabeth G . Cowles Career Development Secretary 

Margaret A. Dewar Secretary in Admissions Office 

June L. Evans Secretary in Education Office 

Irene Everdale Secretary to Director of Buildings 

and Grounds 

Ruby M. Freezer Faculty Secretary 

S. Jean Gair Secretary, Music and Art Departments 

Mary A. Gardner Secretary to Athletic Director 

Anne S. Gibbon Secretary, Biology and 

Chemistry Departments 

Kitty S. Glosser Secretary to Director of Admissions 

Ralph W. Hellan Computer Operations Programmer 

(A.B., Lycoming College) 

Helen C. Heller Secretary to the Registrar 

Mary C. Hendricks Supervisor of Housekeeping 

Isabel C. Hess Library Assistant 

Bernadine G. Hileman Bulk Mailing Coordinator 

Phyllis M. Holmes Secretary to the President 

Barbara E. Horn Secretary to Athletic Department 

Dee A. Horn Secretary to Business Manager/Student 

Aid Director 

Naomi E. Kepner Switchboard Operator 

Doris F. McCoy Secretary in Institutional Relations Office 

JoAnn McFadden Secretary in Admissions Office 

Vivian Meikrantz Secretary to the Dean of the College 

Marilyn Mullings Faculty Secretary 

Phyllis B. Myers Records Clerk 

Marion R. Nyman Cashier/Bookkeeper 

Esther Parent Computer Center Secretary 

Betty J. Paris Secretary to Director of Institutional Relations 

(A.B., Lycoming College) 

Marian L. Rubendall Secretary to Dean of Student Services 

Patricia J. Triaca Cataloging Assistant in Library 

Helen I. Vincent Library Assistant 

June Wagner Faculty Secretary 

Deborah E. Weaver Damage Assessment Clerk 

Geraldine H. Wescott Secretary to the Librarian 

Loretta M. Whipkey Secretary to Director of Public Relations 

Margaret Wise Secretary in Admissions Office 

Cheryl A. Yearick Library Assistant 



134 



COLLEGE DIRECTORY 

THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 

The Alumni Association of Lycoming College has a membership of more than 
8,000 men and women. It is governed by an Executive Board consisting of 
four officers and 21 members-at-large, elected through mail ballot by 
the membership of the Association. The board also has members representing 
specific geographic areas of alumni concentration, the senior class president, the 
student body president, and a representative of the last graduating class. The 
Association annually nominates one alumni representative for a three-year term 
on the College Board of Trustees. The Director of Alumni Affairs directs the 
activities of the Alumni Office. 

The Alumni Association has the following purpose as stated in its constitu- 
tion: "As an off-campus constituency, the Association's purpose is to seek ways 
of maintaining an active and mutually beneficial relationshp between the college 
and its alumni, utilizing their talents, resources and counsel to further the 
objective and program of Lycoming College." 

All former students of Williamsport Dickinson Seminary and all former 
students, who have successfully completed one year of study at Williamsport 
Dickinson Junior College or Lycoming College shall be members of the Associa- 
tion. Any person who leaves Lycoming College after successfully completing 
one year and re-enters as a student within four years of his/her initial 
matriculation, shall not be a member of the Alumni Association while enrolled 
as a student at Lycoming College. 

Acting as the representative of alumni on the campus, and working also 
with undergraduates, the Alumni Office aids in keeping alumni informed and 
interested in the program, growth, and activities of the college through regular 
publications mailed to all alumni on record. Arrangements for Homecoming, 
Alumni Day, Class Reunions, club meetings and similar activities are coordi- 
nated through this office. The Alumni Association promotes group travel 
programs, supplies back-year class rings, sells water colors and bronze etchings 
of the campus and alumni chairs. 

Through The Lycoming College Fund, the alumni office is closely associated 
with the development program of the college. Lycoming College holds member- 
ship in the Council for Advancement and Support of Education. Communica- 
tions to the Alumni Association should be addressed to the Alumni Office. 

ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OFFICERS AND EXECUTIVE BOARD 

President— Mr. John B. Ernst '58—211 Belmont Ave., Doylestown, PA 18901 
Vice-President for Campus Affairs — Mr. Kent T. Baldwin '64, 

2446 Waldman Drive, Williamsport, PA 17701 
Vice-President for Regional Affairs — Mr. Ralph Zeigler '70, 

350 Rural Ave., Williamsport, PA 17701 
Secretary — Mrs. David Loomis (Eleanor Lay ton '60), 

R.D. #1, Box 167A, Troy, PA 16947 
Last Retiring President — Mr. George Nichols '59, 

RD #2, Newton Rd., Clarks Summit, PA 18411 

Term Expires (June, 1980) 

Mrs. Debra Crabbe Hackett '76, P.O. Box 28160, Philadelphia, PA 19131 

Dr. Ray D. Fravel '58, 11 E. Union St., Canton, PA 17724 

Mr. Seth D. Keller '65, 149 Huffman Ave., Williamsport, PA 17701 

Mrs. Frances Gleason Levegood '52, 214 Kendall Ave., Jersey Shore, PA 17740 

135 



COLLEGE DIRECTORY 

Rev. David L. Phillips '63, Star Route #2, Shippensburg, PA 17257 
Mr. Carl E. Snyder '69, R.D. #3, Box 39, Cogan Station, PA 17728 
Miss Ona R. Weimer '49, Box 225, Woolrich, PA 17779 

Term Expires (June, 1981) 

Rev. H. Emerson Abram '53, Hillcrest Road, Newtown Square, PA 19073 
Mr. N. Mark Achenbach '58, 2156 Prospect St., Penfield, NY 14526 
Mrs. Barry L. Boyer (Nancy Snyder '64), 

2901 Orchard Ave., R.D. #3, Montoursville, PA 17754 
Mr. Andrew J. Fedore '77, 710 Prospect Street, Portage, PA 15946 
Miss Doris T. Heller '54, 716 Grampian Blvd., Williamsport, PA 17701 
Dr. Hess S. Wertz, Jr. '62, 1195 Sheridan Street, Williamsport, PA 17701 
Rev. Jay E. Zimmerman '74, R.D. #3, Box 111, Tyrone, PA 16686 

Term Expires (June, 1982) 

Mrs. Howard F. Chambers (Amy Gehron '70), 

48 Ross St., Williamsport, PA 17701 
Mrs. Herman S. Horn (Nancy Dorrance '57), 

201 N. Broad St., Honeybrook, PA 19344 
Mr. Charles K. Post, '57, 9403 Victoria Court, Upper Marlboro, MD 20870 
Miss Andrea D. Seuren '76, 117 Warfield Road, Cherry Hill, NJ 08034 
Mrs. Larry R. Strauser (Keigh Cronauer '58), R.D. #3, Montoursville, PA 17754 
Miss Karen A. Suplee '74, 101 Broad St., Mt. Holly, NJ 08060 
Mr. Daniel P. Wright '74, 1204 Tule St., Montoursville, PA 17754 

Members of the Board Serving a One-Year Term 

Student Association of Lycoming College, President — David G. Argall '80 
Senior Class President — Miss Donna Petrizzi '80 
Representative of the Class of 1979 — Miss Kimberly Kramer '79, 

1154 East Cedar St., Allentown, PA 18103 

Alumni Representative to Li/coming College Board of Trustees 

1980— Dr. Robert L. Morris '55, 545 Oak Street, Indiana, PA 15701 

1981— Ms. Onalee R. (Barton '62) Sabin, 513 W. Gray Street, Elmira, NY 14905 

1982— Dr. David J. Loomis '61, R.D. #1, Box 167A, Troy, PA 16947 



136 



COMMUNICATION WITH THE COLLEGE 

This document contains pertinent information about the college, its philosophy, 
programs, policies, regulations, and offerings. All students and prospective 
students are urged to read it carefully and completely. 

Inquiries of a specific nature should be addressed as follows: 

Director of Admissions: 

Admission to the freshman class. 
Admission with advanced standing. 
Re-entry of students to Lycoming College. 
Request for catalogs. 

Treasurer: 

Payment of college bills. 
Inquiries concerning expenses. 

Director of Student Aid: 

Scholarships and loan funds for students in college. 
Financial assistance for entering students. 

Dean of the College: 

Information about faculty and faculty activities. 
Academic work of students in college. 

Dean of Student Services: 
Student activities. 
Residence Halls. 
Religious life. 
Health services. 
Academic support services. 

Registrar: 

Student records. 
Transcript requests. 
Academic policies. 

Career Development Center: 

Career Counseling and employment opportunities. 

Director of Institutional Relations: 

Development, publications, annual fund and gift programs. 

Director of Alumni Affairs 

Director of Public Relations 

Address: LYCOMING COLLEGE, Williamsport, Pennsylvania 17701 
Telephone: 326-1951, Area Code 717 

All of the provisions in this catalog are effective July 1, 1979. 

Lycoming College resents the right to make any necessary changes in the academic calendar, 
charges, courses or any other section of tliis catalog. 



137 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR— 1979-1980 



August 




26 


Sunday 


27 


Monday 


28 


Tuesday 



31 

September 

3 
4 
10 



October 



Friday 



Monday 
Tuesday 
Monday 



Monday 



12, 13, 14 
15 


Fri., Sat., Sun 
Monday 


19, 20, 21 


Fri., Sat., Sun 


November 




12-16 
16 


Mon.-Fri. 
Friday 


17 
26 


Saturday 
Monday 


December 




14 
15 


Friday 
Saturday 


January 

6 

7 
8 


Sunday 
Monday 
Tuesday 



11 



Friday 



FALL SEMESTER 

- Residence Halls open 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. 

- Classes begin 8 a.m. 

- Processing of drop/add begins. 

- Last day for payment of tuition and fees 
without late charge. 

- Last day for drop/add without instructor's 
approval. 

- Labor Day Recess. Classes suspended. 

- Classes resume 8 a.m. 

- Last day for drop/add — instructor's approval 
required for the add. 

- Last day to elect audit and 
satisfactory/unsatisfactory grades. 

- Last day for submission of final grades for 
courses for which Incomplete grades were 
recorded in Spring, May and Summer 
terms. 

- Homecoming Weekend. 

- Mid-Semester Deficiency Reports for 
Freshmen due in Registrar's Office at 12 
noon. 

- Parents' Weekend. 



Preregistration. 

Last day to withdraw from courses with W, 
WP, WF grades. 

Thanksgiving Recess and Review Period be- 
gins 5 p.m. 

Residence Halls close 10 a.m. 
Classes resume 8 a.m. 



- Semester ends 5 p.m. 

- Residence Halls close 10 a.m. 

SPRING SEMESTER 

- Residence Halls open 12 noon. 

- Classes begin 8 a.m. 

- Processing of drop/add begins. 

- Last day for payment of tuition and fees 
without late charge. 

- Last day for drop/add without instructor's 
approval. 



138 



18 



Friday 



February 




15 


Friday 


25 


Monday 


29 


Friday 


March 




1 

10 

24-28 


Saturday 

Monday 

Mon.-Fri 


April 

4 


Friday 



25 
26 

May 

2 



Tuesday 

Friday 

Saturday 

Friday 
Sunday 



Last day for drop/add — instructor's approval 
required for the add. 
Last day to elect audit and 
satisfactory/unsatisfactory grades. 



Last day for submission of final grades for 

courses for which Incomplete grades were 

recorded in the Fall Semester. 

Mid-Semester Deficiency Reports for 

Freshmen due in Registrar's Office at 12 

noon. 

Spring Recess begins 5 p.m. 

Residence Halls close 10 a.m. 
Classes resume 8 a.m. 
Preregistration. 



Last day to withdraw from courses with W, 

WP, WF grades. 

Good Friday. Afternoon classes suspended. 

Honors Day. 

Semester ends 5 p.m. 

Residence Halls close 10 a.m. 



Residence Halls open 12 noon for partici- 
pants in Commencement. 
Commencement. 



May 

5 
6 
9 



23 



27 
30 



Monday 
Tuesday 
Friday 



Friday 

Tuesday 
Friday 



MAY TERM 

- Residence Halls open 10 a.m. 

- Classes begin. 

- Last day for drop/add — instructor's approval 
required for the add. 

- Last day to elect audit and 
satisfactory/unsatisfactory grades. 

- Last day to withdraw from courses with W, 
WP, WF grades. 

- Memorial Day recess begins 5 p.m. 

- Classes resume 8 a.m. 

- Term ends. Residence Halls close 9 p.m. 



June 

1 

2 



SUMMER TERM 

Sunday - Residence Halls open 12 noon. 

Monday - Classes begin. 



139 



6 


Friday 


- Last day for drop/add — instructor's approval 
required for the add. 

- Last day to elect audit and 


27 


Friday 


satisfactory/unsatisfactory grades. 
- Last day to withdraw from courses with W, 
WP, WF grades. 


July 






3 
7 
11 


Thursday 

Monday 

Friday 


- Independence Day recess begins 5 p.m. 

- Classes resume 8 a.m. 

- Term ends. Residence Halls close 9 p.m. 




140 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 1979-1980 





Sun 


Mon 

6 
13 
20 


AUGUST 

Tues Wed Thur 

1 2 
7 8 9 
14 15 16 
21 22 23 


Fn 

3 
10 
17 
24 


Sat 

4 
11 
18 
25 


Sun 

2 


Mon 

3 


SEPTEMBER 

Tues Wed Thur 


Fn 


Sat 

1 


5 


4 5 6 
11 12 13 
18 19 20 
25 26 27 


7 

14 
21 
28 


8 
15 
22 
29 




12 
19 


9 
16 

23 
30 


10 
17 
24 




26 


27 


28 29 30 


31 














Sun 


Mon 


OCTOBER 

Tues Wed Thur 


Fn 


Sal 


Sun 


Mon 


NOVEMBEF 

Tues Wed Thur 


Fn 


Sat 


1 

8 
15 
22 
29 


2 3 4 
9 10 11 
16 17 18 
23 24 25 


5 
12 
19 
26 


6 
13 
20 
27 


1 


2 
9 
16 


3 

10 
17 
24 




7 

14 
21 
28 


4 
11 


5 
12 


6 7 8 

13 14 15 


18 


19 


20 21 22 


23 


30 31 






25 


26 


27 28 29 


30 




















Sun 


Mon 


DECEMBER 

Tues Wed Thur 


Fri 


Sat 
1 

8 

15 
22 
29 


Sun 


Mon 


JANUARY 

Tues Wed Thur 

1 2 3 


Fn 
4 


Sat 
5 




2 

9 


3 

10 


4 5 6 
11 12 13 


7 

14 


6 

13 
20 
27 


7 

14 
21 
28 


8 9 10 
15 16 17 
22 23 24 
29 30 31 


11 

18 
25 


12 
19 
26 




16 


17 

24 

31 


18 19 20 
25 26 27 


21 
28 


30 












Sun 


Mon 


FEBRUARY 

Tues Wed Thur 


Fri 


Sat 


Sun 

2 


Mon 

3 


MARCH 

Tues Wed Thur 

4 5 6 


Fn 

7 


Sat 
1 

8 






1 

8 
15 
22 


2 
9 
16 
23 




3 

10 
17 
24 


4 
11 

18 
25 


5 6 7 
12 13 14 
19 20 21 
26 27 28 


9 
16 

23 
30 


10 

17 

24 
31 


11 12 13 
18 19 20 
25 26 27 


14 
21 
28 


15 
22 
29 


29 




























Sun 


Mon 


APRIL 

Tues Wed Thur 

1 2 3 


Fri 
4 


Sat 

5 


Sun 
4 


Mon 
5 


MAY 

Tues Wed Thur 
1 


Fn 

2 


Sat 

3 




6 
13 
20 


7 

14 
21 


8 9 10 
15 16 17 
22 23 24 


11 
18 

25 


12 
19 
26 


6 7 8 
13 14 15 
20 21 22 
27 28 29 


9 

16 
23 

30 


10 
17 
24 
31 


11 

18 


12 
19 




27 


28 


29 30 




25 


26 










Sun 
1 J 


Mon 


JUNE 

Tues Wed Thur 


Fri 


Sat 


Sun 


Mon 


JULY 

Tues Wed Thur 
1 2 3 

8 9 10 


Fn 

4 


Sat 
5 

12 
19 
26 


9 
16 
23 
30 


10 11 12 
17 18 19 
24 25 26 


ft 7 

13 14 
20 21 
27 28 




8 

15 
22 
29 






13 

20 
27 


14 
21 
28 


15 16 17 
22 23 24 
29 30 31 


18 

25 















D = Fall and Spring Semesters 
D = May Term 
I = Summer Session 



141 



CAMPUS FACILITIES 

RESIDENTIAL 

*/\. North Hall (1965) — 146 students in two-room suites with bath. 

4. East Hall (1962) — Houses chapters of national fraternities and other students. The fraternity units, 

distinct self-contained, provide dormitory facilities, lounge, and a chapter room for each group. 

All students share a large social area on the ground floor. 
• 5. Forrest Hall (1968) — 92 students in two-room suites with bath. Honors Dr. and Mrs. Fletcher Bliss 

Forrest and Anna Forrest Burfiendt '30, the parents and sister of Katherine Forrest Mathers '28, 

whose generosity established the memorial. 

6. Crever Hall (1962) — 126 students in two-room suites with bath. Honors the College's founder and 

first financial agent, the Rev. Benjamin H. Crever, who helped persuade the Baltimore Conference 
to purchase the institution from the Williamsport Town Council in 1848. 

8. Wesley Hall (1956) — 144 students. Honors the Founder of Methodism. 

9. Rich Hall (1948) — 105 students in two-room suites with bath. Honors the Rich family of Woolrich, 

Pennsylvania. Houses the college health service and the Sara J. Walter non-residents lounge. 

11. Asbury Hall (1962) — 154 students. Honors Bishop Francis Asbury, the father ofThe United Methodist 

Church in America, who made the circuit through the upper "Susquehanna District" in 1812, the 
year the Williamsport Academy (now Lycoming) opened its doors. 
18. Skeath Hall (1965) — 212 students. Honors the late]. Milton Skeath, professor of psychology and four- 
time dean of the institution from 1921 to 1967. 

ACADEMIC 

12-15. The Academic Center (1968) 

12. Laboratories and Arena Theatre — Language, business, mathematics, and physics laboratories; 

Detwiler Planetarium; 204 seat thrust-stage arena theatre; 90 seat Alumni Lecture Hall. 

13. Faculty Office Building — 69 faculty offices, seminar rooms, 735 seat lecture hall. 

14. Wendle Hall — Spacious Pennington Lounge is an informal meeting place for students and faculty. 

Psychology laboratories, 20 classrooms. 

15. Library— Can accommodate 700 students in a variety of study and reading situations, has a capacity 

of 250,000 volumes, computer center and photographic laboratories. 

2. Art Center (1965) — Studios and art gallery. 

3. Fine Arts Building (1940)— Art Studios. 

21. Science Building (1957) — Chemistry and biology lecture rooms, laboratories, offices. 

CHAPEL 

17. Clarke Chapel (1939) — Worship services and other events in auditorium; classrooms, studios and 
music department faculty offices on ground floor. 

ADMINISTRATION 

10. John W. Long Hall (1951) — College administration offices: President, College Deans, Treasurer, 
Registrar, Admissions, Alumni Affairs, Public Relations, Career Development Center, Publica- 
tions, Development, and Financial Aid. Reception area, central communications, printing and 
bulk mail services. 

22. Maintenance. 

RECREATION 

7. Wertz Student Center (1959) — Dining room, Burchfield Lounge, recreation area, game room, music 

room, book store, post office, and student organization offices. Honors Bishop D. Frederick Wertz, 
president of Lycoming from 1955 until 1968. 

16. Gymnasium (1923) — Basketball and other courts, swimming pool, bowling alleys, physical education 

offices. 



142 




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143 



INDEX 



Academic Advisement 19 

Academic Calendar 138 

Academic Honesty 22 

Academic Honors 23 

Academic Program 15 

Academic Standing 22 

Accounting Curriculum 39 

Accounting-Mathematics (EIM) 42 

Accreditation 5 

Administrative Assistants 134 

Administrative Staff 126 

Admissions 7-8 

Admissions Deposit 8, 10 

Admissions Office 8 

Admission Policy 7 

Admission Standards 7 

Advanced Placement 22 

Advanced Standing by Transfer 8 

Advisory Committees 19 

Health Professions 19 

Legal Professions 19 

Medical Technology 19 

Theological Professions 19 

Allopathic Medicine, Advisement for ... 19 

Alumni Association 135 

American Studies (EIM) 42 

Anthropology Curriculum 113 

Application Fee and Deposits 10 

Application Procedure 7 

Applied Music Requirements 16 

Art Curriculum 44 

Astronomy and Physics Curriculum 48 

Attendance, Class 22 

Audit 26 

Awards 23 

Basic Educational Opportunity 

Grants (BEOG) 13 

Biology Curriculum 52 

Board of Trustees 125 

Books and Supplies 10 

Building Descriptions 142 

Business Administration Curriculum 56 

Calendar, Academic 138 

Campus Map 143 

Career Development Services 34 

Chemistry Curriculum 59 

Christian Ministry, Advisement for 19 

Class Attendance 22 

College and the Church 37 

College Directory 125 

College Level Examination Program 

(CLEP) 22 

Communication with the College 137 

Community Scholarships 14 

Conduct, Standards of 36 

Contents 3 

Contingency Deposit 9, 10 

Cooperative Programs 122 

Drama 122 

Engineering 122 

Environmental Studies 122 

Foresty 122 

Medical Technology 123 

Military Science 123 

144 



Podiatry 123 

Counseling, Academic 19 

Counseling, Personal 33 

Course Credit by Examination 22 

Course Descriptions 39 

Criminal Justice (EIM) 62 

Curriculum 39 

Damage Charges 11 

Degree Programs 15 

Degree Requirements 15 

Dental School, Advisement for 19 

Departmental Honors 23 

Departmental Majors 18 

Deposits 9 

Deposit Refund 8, 10 

Discrimination Compliance Statement 7 

Distribution Requirements 15 

English 16 

Fine Arts 16 

Foreign Language 16 

History and Social Science 17 

Mathematics 16 

Natural Science 17 

Philosophy 16 

Religion 16 

Drama, Cooperative Program 122 

Early Admission Procedure 7 

Economics Curriculum 63 

Education Curriculum 66 

Education Financing Plans 14 

Educational Opportunity Grants 13 

Engineering, Cooperative Program 122 

English Curriculum 69 

English Requirement 16 

Entrance Examinations (CEEB) 22 

Entry Fees and Deposits 10 

Environmental Studies 122 

Established Interdisciplinary 

Major (EIM) 18 

Expenses 9 

Faculty 128 

Facilities 142 

Federal Grants and Loans 13 

Fees 9 

Financial Aid 12 

Financial Assistance 12 

Financial Information 9 

Fine Arts Requirements 16 

Foreign Language Requirement 16 

Foreign Languages and Literatures 

Curriculum 75 

Forestry, Cooperative Program 122 

French Curriculum 75 

General Expenses 9 

German Curriculum 77 

Grading System 20 

Graduation Requirements 15 

Grants-in-Aid 12 

Greek Curriculum 80 

Handbooks for Students 
(Guidepost, Pathfinder, 

Residence Halls) 35 

Health Professions Careers 19 

Health Services 33 

Hebrew Curriculum 80 

History Curriculum 82 

History of the College 5 



History Requirement 17 

Honor Societies 23 

Honors, Academic 23 

Honors, Departmental 23 

Independent Study 25 

Interdisciplinary Majors 18 

Established Majors (EIM) 18 

Individual Majors (IIM) 18 

International Studies (EIM) 87 

Internship Program 25 

Interviews 8 

Legal Professions, Advisement for 19 

Life Long Learning 27 

Literature (EIM) 89 

Loans 13 

Location 5 

London Semester 124 

Lycoming Experimental Audit 

Program (LEAP) 27 

Lycoming Scholar Program 27 

Major 17 

Admission to 17 

Departmental 18 

Interdisciplinary (EIM, IIM) 18 

Mass Communications (EIM) 89 

Mathematics Curriculum 92 

Mathematics Requirement 16 

May Term 26, 139 

Medical School, Advisement for 19 

Medical History 34 

Medical Staff 127 

Medical Technology 123 

Military Science 123 

Ministerial Grants-in-Aid 12 

Music Curriculum 96 

National Defense Student Loans 

(NDSL) 13 

Natural Science Requirement 17 

Near East Culture and 

Archeology (EIM) 99 

Non-Payment of Fees Penalty 12 

Objectives and Purpose 5 

Optometry School, Advisement for 19 

Orientation 37 

Osteopathy School, Advisement for 19 

Overseas Studies Opportunities 26 

Part-time Student Opportunities 27 

Lycoming Experimental Audit 
Program (LEAP) 27 

Regular Audit 26 

Special Student 

(Part-time for Credit) 27 

Payment of Fees 9 

Payments, Partial 10 

Penalty for Non-Payment of Fees 12 

Personal Counseling 33 

Philosophy Curriculum 100 

Philosophy Requirement 16 

Physical Education Curriculum 103 

Physics Curriculum 48 

Placement Services 34 

Podiatry, Cooperative Program 123 

Political Science Curriculum 104 

Principal Aim of the College 5 



Psychology Curriculum 108 

Purpose and Objectives 5 

Quick Look at Lycoming 2 

Reading Improvement Course 34 

Refunds 10 

Registration 19 

Regulations (Standards of Conduct) 36 

Religion Curriculum 110 

Religion Requirement 16 

Religious Life 37 

Requirements, Distribution 15 

Requirements for Admission 7 

Requirements for Graduation 15 

Reserve Officer Training Corps 

Program (ROTC) 123 

Scholarships (ROTC) 14 

Residence 35 

Residence Halls 35 

Residential 35 

Russian Curriculum 80 

Scholarships 12 

Selection Process 7 

Social Science Requirement 17 

Sociology- Anthropology 

Curriculum 113 

Spanish Curriculum 81 

Special Features 25 

Departmental Honors 23 

Independent Study 25 

Internship Program 25 

London Semester 124 

Lycoming Scholar Program 27 

May Term 26 

Overseas Studies Opportunities 26 

Student Enrichment Semester 124 

United Nations Semester 124 

Washington Semester 124 

Special Student, Admission as 27 

Standards of Admission 7 

Standards of Conduct 36 

State Grants and Loans 14 

Student Activities 38 

Student Enrichment Semester (SES) 124 

Student Records 27 

Student Services 33 

Study Abroad 26 

Study Program 34 

Summer Session Calendar 139 

Supplemental Educational Opportunity 

Grants (SEOG) 13 

Theatre Curriculum 118 

Theological Professions Advisement for .... 19 

This is Lycoming 5 

Transfer 8 

Trustees 125 

Unit Course System 20 

United Campus Ministry 127 

United Nations Semester 124 

Veterans, Approval 7 

Veterinary School, Advisement for 19 

Washington Semester 124 

Withdrawal from College 10 

Withdrawing from Courses 19 

Work-Study Grants 14